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6. Waste ReductionInitiatives. Undesirable packaging Four options: Four options: Ban it Ban it Tax it Tax it Put a returnable deposit on it Put a returnable.

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Presentation on theme: "6. Waste ReductionInitiatives. Undesirable packaging Four options: Four options: Ban it Ban it Tax it Tax it Put a returnable deposit on it Put a returnable."— Presentation transcript:

1 6. Waste ReductionInitiatives

2 Undesirable packaging Four options: Four options: Ban it Ban it Tax it Tax it Put a returnable deposit on it Put a returnable deposit on it Avoid it Avoid it

3 Ireland Government put a 15 cent tax on plastic shopping bags Government put a 15 cent tax on plastic shopping bags reduced use by 92% in one year! reduced use by 92% in one year!

4 Italy In time collection of food from supermarkets and restaurants Prof. Andrea Segre Agriculture Dept., U. of Bolgna

5 Italy Several supermarket chains are providing dispensers which allow customers to refill shampoo and detergent bottles… Several supermarket chains are providing dispensers which allow customers to refill shampoo and detergent bottles… As well as wine, water and milk As well as wine, water and milk

6 Italy EFFECORTA,Capannori

7 L’esperienza effecorta a cura di Pietro Angelini, a cura di Pietro Angelini, scio fondatore ed ideatore effecorta Capannori,

8 95% of products come from within 70 km of store

9 60 dispensing systems for solids

10 60 taps for liquids

11

12 No plastic used for shopping bags

13 Un pizzico di creatività a monte può far risparmiare milioni a valle Un pizzico di creatività a monte può far risparmiare milioni a valle

14 7. Economic Incentives

15 1 2 3 The “ Pay by bag” system

16 1 2 3 free

17 1 2 3 freefree

18 1 2 $ freefree The more you make, the more you pay! The “ Pay by bag” system

19 1 2 $ freefree The less you make, the more you save! The “ Pay by bag” system

20 CompostingFacilityMaterialsRecoveryFacility Residuals? Reuse & Repair 1 2 $ & Deconstruction WasteReductionInitiatives

21 8. Residual Separation & ResearchFacility

22 RESIDUAL SEPARATION & RESEARCH FACILITY RESIDUAL SEPARATION & RESEARCH FACILITY 1. Built at entrance to landfill 1. Built at entrance to landfill 2. No material can enter landfill without it being separated and screened 2. No material can enter landfill without it being separated and screened 3. More material recycled 3. More material recycled 4. Toxics removed and identified 4. Toxics removed and identified 5. Dirty organics biologically stabilized 5. Dirty organics biologically stabilized 6. Non-recyclable materials STUDIED 6. Non-recyclable materials STUDIED

23 MORE TOXICS RESIDUAL SCREENING FACILITY MORE RECYCLABLES DIRTYORGANICFRACTION INTERIM LANDFILL for non-recyclable and stabilized organic fraction BIOLOGICAL STABILIZATION This type of facility is currently running in NOVA SCOTIA, Canada

24 MORE TOXICS NON-TOXIC, NON-BIODEGRADABLE FRACTION & RESEARCH RESIDUAL SCREENING & RESEARCH FACILITY MORE RECYCLABLES DIRTYORGANICFRACTION INTERIM LANDFILL BIOLOGICAL STABILIZATION RESEARCHCENTER

25 NON-RECYCABLE MATERIALS Local University Or Technical College ZERO WASTE RESEARCH CENTER

26 Zero Waste Research Center TASKS: TASKS: Improve capture rate of reusables, recyclables and clean compostables Improve capture rate of reusables, recyclables and clean compostables Recommend improved waste avoidance strategies for local businesses Recommend improved waste avoidance strategies for local businesses Develop local uses for some materials Develop local uses for some materials Recommend better industrial designs to industry on packaging and products Recommend better industrial designs to industry on packaging and products

27 The Message to Industry: If we can’t reuse it, recycle it or compost it, If we can’t reuse it, recycle it or compost it, Industry shouldn’t be making it Industry shouldn’t be making it We need better industrial design for the 21st Century We need better industrial design for the 21st Century

28 RESIDUAL SEPARATION & RESEARCH FACILITIES. Progress Report: RESIDUAL SEPARATION & RESEARCH FACILITIES. Progress Report: 1. Residual separation facilities operating in Nova Scotia (see video) 2. Zero Waste Research Center announced for Capannori, Italy Jan 23, 2010

29 - Capannori Porta a Porta FRAZIONE RESIDUA - Capannori Porta a Porta 1. Tessili e cuolo % 2.Pannolini % 3. Materiale organico da cucina % 4. Altra plastica: non imballo 9.98 % 9.98 % 5. Imballaggi cellulosici poliaccopiati 8.05 % 8.05 % 6. Imballaggi poliaccopiati in plastica 7.45 % 7.45 % 7. Imballaggi flessibili in plastica 6.81 % 6.81 % 8. Materiale organico da giardino 4.64 % 4.64 % 9. Imballaggi rigidi in plastica (non bottiglie) 3.23 % 3.23 % 10 Giornali (quotidiani e riviste) 2.54 % 2.54 %

30 – Capannori FRAZIONE RESIDUA – Capannori Questa e’ l’analisi del 17% che rimane dopo la separazione dell’ separazione dell’ 83% del materiale raccolto porta a porta raccolto porta a porta

31

32 WITH THE ZERO WASTE 2020 STRATEGY WE CONVERT 3 TONS OF TRASH into : into : 1 ton of compostables 1 ton of recyclables 1 ton of recyclablesand 1 ton of EDUCATION for SUSTAINABILITY!

33 9. Better 9. BetterIndustrialDesign

34 10. An interim landfill for biologically 10. An interim landfill for biologically stabilized dirty organic fraction 10. An interim landfill for biologically 10. An interim landfill for biologically stabilized dirty organic fraction

35 Interim landfill 1. The interim landfill needs to be owned by the local community – not by a private company 1. The interim landfill needs to be owned by the local community – not by a private company 2. We need to shift the profit from waste disposal to genuine resource recovery 2. We need to shift the profit from waste disposal to genuine resource recovery 3. Incinerators and mega-landfills are in the interest of multi-national waste corporations – zero waste is in the public interest (and the planet’s interest!) 3. Incinerators and mega-landfills are in the interest of multi-national waste corporations – zero waste is in the public interest (and the planet’s interest!) 4. Key question: will political leaders side with corporate interest or the public interest? 4. Key question: will political leaders side with corporate interest or the public interest?

36 SUMMARY 10 steps to Zero Waste

37 SourceSeparation

38 SourceSeparation Door to Door Collection

39 SourceSeparation CollectionComposting

40 Recycling SourceSeparation CollectionComposting

41 Recycling Reuse, Repair & Community Center SourceSeparation Door to Door CollectionComposting

42 WasteReductionInitiativesRecycling Reuse, Repair & Community Center SourceSeparation Door to Door CollectionComposting

43 WasteReductionInitiativesRecycling Reuse, Repair & Community Center SourceSeparation Door to Door CollectionComposting EconomicIncentives

44 WasteReductionInitiativesRecycling Reuse, Repair & Community Center SourceSeparation Door to Door CollectionComposting Residual Separation & Research Center CenterEconomicIncentives

45 WasteReductionInitiativesRecycling Reuse, Repair & Community Center SourceSeparation Door to Door CollectionComposting Residual Separation & Research Center CenterBetterIndustrialDesignEconomicIncentives

46 WasteReductionInitiativesRecycling Reuse, Repair & Community Center SourceSeparation Door to Door CollectionComposting Residual Separation & Research Center CenterBetterIndustrialDesignEconomicIncentives Temporary Landfill

47 WasteReductionInitiativesRecycling Reuse, Repair & Community Center SourceSeparation Door to Door CollectionComposting Residual Separation & Research Center CenterBetterIndustrialDesign EconomicIncentives Temporary Landfill 2020

48 This waste plan This waste plan 1) Is positive 2) Brings people together not drive them apart 3) Challenges the creativity of both citizens and decision makers 4) Is cost-effective 5) Is sustainable, and 6) Offers more hope to our children about the future

49 This plan 1) Is low tech - most of the facilities can be designed and built by local companies 2) Keeps most of the money spent on the system in the local area, creating jobs and small business opportunities 3) Builds on existing measures 4) Every single component is working somewhere in the world 5) Gives every one a role to play

50 IniziativeRiduzionerifiutiRiciclaggio SeparazioneallasorgenteRaccolta Porta a Porta Compostaggio Residual Separation & Separation &ResearchFacility Better BetterIndustrialDesign IncentiviEconomici INTERIM LANDFILL 2020 Riutilizzo Riparazione e Centro per la Comunita’ % COMMUNITY RESPONSIBILITY COMMUNITY RESPONSIBILITY

51 IniziativeRiduzionerifiutiRiciclaggio SeparazioneallasorgenteRaccolta Porta a Porta Compostaggio Separazione del residuo e Centro di ricerca ricerca migliore miglioredesignindustriale IncentiviEconomici INTERIM LANDFILL INTERIM LANDFILL 2020 Riutilizzo Riparazione e Centro per la Comunita’ 70-80% COMUNITY RESPONSIBILITY 20-30%INDUSTRIALRESPONSIBILITY

52 Industrial Responsibility 1. Design for sustainability 2. Clean production 3. Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

53 EPR- packaging The Ontario (Canada) Beer industry has used refillable glass bottles for 50 years 98% recovered Each bottle reused 18 times It saves the company money 2000 jobs in collection and cleaning No cost to municipality

54 EPR- products XEROX CORPORATION EUROPE XEROX CORPORATION EUROPE Recovers copying machines from 16 different countries Recovers copying machines from 16 different countries Takes them to huge warehouses in the Netherlands, where the machines are stripped down for re-useable parts and recyclable materials Takes them to huge warehouses in the Netherlands, where the machines are stripped down for re-useable parts and recyclable materials 95% of materials recovered! AND 95% of materials recovered! AND This is saving Xerox $76 millions a year!! This is saving Xerox $76 millions a year!!

55 Solid waste is the visible face of inefficiency!

56 For more examples of Industrial Responsibility Contact Gary Liss at Contact Gary Liss at For more information on EPR initiatives contact Bill Sheehan at For more information on EPR initiatives contact Bill Sheehan at

57 4. Progress towards Zero Waste around the world (Zero Waste International Alliance) (Zero Waste International Alliance) (Grass Roots Recycling Network) (Grass Roots Recycling Network) (California Resources Recovery Association) (California Resources Recovery Association) (Global Alliance for Incineration Alternatives) (Global Alliance for Incineration Alternatives)

58 San Francisco Population = 850,000 Population = 850,000 Very little space Very little space 50% waste diverted by % waste diverted by % waste diverted by % waste diverted by % waste diverted by % waste diverted by % waste diverted by % waste diverted by % waste diverted by % waste diverted by 2010 GOAL:100% by 2020 (or very close!) GOAL:100% by 2020 (or very close!)

59 Please Note Mass burn incineration only gets 75% diversion from landfill. For every 4 Tons of waste burned you get at least 1 Ton of Toxic Ash. For every 4 Tons of waste burned you get at least 1 Ton of Toxic Ash.

60 Brescia 75% reduction Brescia 75% reduction San Francisco San Francisco 75% reduction

61 NEW ZEALAND Over 70% of communities of communities have declared a Zero Waste strategy

62 Prince Edward Island, Canada Whole island has door-to-door collection of recyclables and compostables Whole island has door-to-door collection of recyclables and compostables

63 Italy Over 2000 communities in Italy are achieving over 50% diversion using “door to door” collection systems Over 2000 communities in Italy are achieving over 50% diversion using “door to door” collection systems Over 200 communities achieving over 70% diversion Over 200 communities achieving over 70% diversion

64 Italy Novara - (a city near Turin, population = 100,000) achieved 70% diversion in just 18 months! Novara - (a city near Turin, population = 100,000) achieved 70% diversion in just 18 months!

65 Italy Salerno (near Naples, pop 145,000) 18% to 72% in one year! Salerno (near Naples, pop 145,000) 18% to 72% in one year!

66 Italy The Treviso region - 22 communities averaging 76% diversion (Priula consortium) The Treviso region - 22 communities averaging 76% diversion (Priula consortium)

67 Italy Villafranco d’Asti (Piedmont, population = 30,000) has reached 85% diversion Villafranco d’Asti (Piedmont, population = 30,000) has reached 85% diversion

68 Spain Usurbil in Basque Country Usurbil in Basque Country Has gone from 28% to 86% in 7 months Has gone from 28% to 86% in 7 months

69 Belgium In Flanders they have achieved 75% diversion with reuse, recycling, composting etc – VERY CREATIVE programs

70 5. Linking Zero Waste to Sustainability


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