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Writing an action research report

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Presentation on theme: "Writing an action research report"— Presentation transcript:

1 Writing an action research report
Chapter 9 Action Research: Improving Schools and Empowering Educators (4/e) Craig A. Mertler SAGE Publications, 2014

2 Conventions of Academic Writing
When writing an action research report, follow style guide Instructional manual providing authors with requirements for stylistic matter Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA Manual) Conventions of academic-style writing Agreed-on procedures that help ensure readability and credibility of written research reports Titles Initial screening mechanism for those considering reading your work Should clearly indicate what the study, report are about Grab your readers’ attention

3 Conventions of Academic Writing
Person and voice Written as objectively as possible Typically use third-person pronouns (appears less subjective) Qualitative research is exception to this rule Active voice is more appropriate than passive voice Tense Typically written in past tense (study has already been conducted) Some sections (description of current situation or problem; recommendations) written in present tense Tentative vs. definitive statements State definitively—methodological aspects of study; results State tentatively—conclusions; implications

4 Conventions of Academic Writing
Clarity Crucial aspect—should be written clearly enough for another person to read and to duplicate methodological steps Use few words, simple terminology (when feasible) Organize report in logical format; use headings and subheadings Consistency Be consistent throughout; use same acronyms, abbreviations, formatting Simplicity of language Reports should be written in simple, straightforward style Avoid overuse of adjectives, adverbs Keep your message short and simple

5 Conventions of Academic Writing
Conventions of format Generic outline for research reports: Introduction Review of related literature Methodology Results Conclusions and recommendations References Length of entire report will differ with purpose (e.g., thesis, journal article, conference presentation)

6 Conventions of Academic Writing
Conventions of format Sections of action research reports may not be labeled as such; may look more like the following: Introduction Review of related literature/information Description of innovation/intervention Data collection Data analysis and interpretation Conclusions Reflection and action plan

7 Ethics and writing When writing, should strive to protect rights and welfare of research participants (APA) Ensure data and results are not falsified or fabricated Protect confidentiality Limit descriptions Remove explanations of non-essential characteristics Use pseudonyms Avoid bias “Gender” versus “sex” Avoid labels as nouns Use person-first language

8 Guidelines for Writing
Practical guidelines for writing Establish a writing routine Try to write at the same time every day Write as if you are talking to a friend Begin with an outline and organize your thoughts accordingly Don’t worry (initially) about spelling, grammar, or how report reads Writing a first draft is the first step in the writing process Develop a realistic writing schedule and timeline

9 Action research checklist 9
Action Research Checklist 9: Writing an Action Research Report ☐ Develop a plan for writing a report of your action research study. ☐ Identify your intended audience (e.g., other educators, administrators, school board members, etc.). ☐ Identify a possible outlet for your report (e.g., journal, newsletter, etc.). ☐ Develop an outline of the major headings and subheadings of your report. ☐ Establish a writing routine that works for you; try to “carve out” some common time each day to write. ☐ Once you’ve done this, develop a writing schedule, or timeline, to keep you focused on achieving your goal of a complete action research report. ☐ Remember to write in somewhat of a conversational style, as if you are talking to a friend or colleague. ☐ As you write, focus on simply filling in the sections of your original outline. ☐ Find someone to serve as an editor or proofreader who can give you honest feedback on your writing. ☐ Revise your report, as appropriate. ☐ Submit your manuscript for possible publication!

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