2Employers are responsible for The health, safety and welfare at work for their employees and those affected by the workAssess risks to lone workersTake steps to avoid or control risk where necessary
3Employees are responsible for Taking reasonable care of themselves, and other people who may be affected by their workCo-operate with their employers in meeting their legal obligations
4Who are Lone Workers?Lone workers are those who work by themselves without close or direct supervisionNo clear definition of ‘lone worker’ but there are a large number of occupations that “lone work”. Eg’s :-Doctors, district nurses, milkmen, salesmen, postmen, meter readers, maintenance workers, lorry drivers etc
8University Lone Workers Will include:-Staff working from home or alone in an officeSecurity & other mobile staffLecturersMaintenance workersTravellers to conferencesCleanersField workers / researchersStaff carrying out home visits
9Can People Legally Work Alone? Legislation does not prohibit lone working, but the duties of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, and the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 applyThese require:Identifying the hazards of the workAssessing the risks involved and who is at riskImplementing measures to AVOID or CONTROL the risk and documenting the assessment
10Identifying the Hazards Talk to the people involved as they are a valuable source of information and advice. Find out exactly what is involved to carryout the task, eg:-Does the workplace present a special hazard?Is the access to, or exit from the workplace safe?Is the lighting and ventilation sufficient?Will other adjacent processes & activities present a risk?Is any equipment to be used safe & regularly maintained?What risks would the worker be exposed to?
11Control Measures Control measures may include:- Instruction Training SupervisionProtective equipmentCommunication devicesSafe working proceduresEmployers should take steps to check that control measures are used and review the risk assessment from time to time to ensure that it is still adequate.
12Safe Working Arrangements Lone workers face particular problems. Some of the issues which need special attention when planning safe working arrangements are as follows:-
13Safe Working Arrangements – The Individual Is the person medically fit and suitable to work alone?Check that the worker has no medical conditions which make them unsuitable for working alone.See medical advice if necessary.Consider both routine work and foreseeable emergencies which may impose additional physical and mental burdens on the worker.
14Safe Working Arrangements – training / competency requirements Lone workers need to:be sufficiently experienced and fully understand the risks and controls,know the set limits of what can and cannot be done whilst working alone,deal with situations which are new, unusual or unexpected and to know when to stop work and seek advice from a supervisor,avoid panic in unusual situations,know how to handle aggression.
15Safe Working Arrangements – Supervision Although lone workers cannot be subject to constant supervision, it is still an employer’s duty to ensure their health and safety at work. Supervision can help to ensure:-Employees understand the risk associated with their work.That necessary safety precautions are carried out.Guidance is provided in situations of uncertainty.
16Safe Working Arrangements – Supervision cont’d This could be carried out when checking the progress and quality of the workIt may take the form of periodic site visits combined with discussions in which health and safety issues are raised.Frequency would depend oncompetence & experience oflone worker & type of work
17Safe Working Arrangements – the extent of Supervision depends on: The risks involved (from the risk assessment)The ability of the lone worker to identify and handle health and safety issues.The experience of the lone worker.Is he new to the job?Is it a job with special risks?Are there new situations?The competence and trustworthiness of the worker.
18Monitoring Lone Workers Procedures will needed to ensure they remain safe. These may include:-Periodic visits & supervision of lone workersRegular contact between the lone worker & supervisor.Automatic warning devices which operate is specific signals are not received periodically from the lone worker.Other devices designed to raise the alarm in the event of an emergency & which operate manually or automatically.Checks that a lone worker has returned to their base or home on completion of their task.
19Emergency situationsWhat happens if a lone worker becomes ill, has an accident, or some other emergency, arises, like a fire?
20Emergency ProceduresLone workers should be capable of responding correctly to emergencies.Emergency procedures should be established and lone workers trained in them.Information about emergency procedures and danger areas in the workplace should be given to them.They should have access to adequate first-aid facilities.Mobile workers should carry a first-aid kit.Occasionally risk assessment may indicate that lone workers need training in first-aid.
21Lone Worker Checklist–Workplace 1 Do I need to go?Is there a risk assessment for the task and do I have a copy?Have I told someone of my intended movements?Have I means of communication?Have I thought through my own ‘what if’ plan?Do I feel confident to go?Does the workplace present a special hazard?Is the access to, or exit from, the workplace safe?Is the lighting and ventilation sufficient?Is equipment safe and regularly maintained?
22Lone Worker Checklist–Workplace 2 Will other adjacent processes & activities present a risk?What risks will I be exposed to in the event of equipment failure?Can I handle substances and goods safely?Do I have the appropriate PPE and have I been trained in its use?Have I been trained to do the task correctly?Have I demonstrated my ability to do the task satisfactorily?Am I medically fit to undertake the task?Have I sufficient information about the job, equipment or substances?
23Lone Worker Checklist–Workplace 3 If cash is being handled, is there a risk of violence?Do I know my limitations - be reliable and seek help when I reach the limit of my knowledge /experience?Do I need supervision to carry out the task?What first-aid provision will I require and is it available?Do I know what are the arrangements in the event of an emergency?If the answer to any of the above is ‘NO’ then you should speak to your line manager before continuing.
24Tracing Systems 1 – Are You Covered? Consider the following statements: -My colleagues will know where to start looking should I not return to base on time.If I decide to change my plans during the day someone would be aware of this.There is a clear procedure to follow in case someone does not return at the expected time.There is a system to raise the alarm covertly in case of an emergency while working alone.I am confident that an appropriate person will pick up the phone if I call the office in an emergency.
25Tracing Systems 2 – Are You Covered? When (if) I am lone working out of office hours, there is a system to monitor my safety.There is information available so that my line manager could contact my partner/family (to ensure my safety) should I fail to return from an appointment/My partner/family have contact details of a colleague should I fail to return from work, even out of normal working hours.Well – are you covered?
26Practical Strategies for Travelling -PLAN PREPARATION – Plan your journey, your route, take a personal alarm, contingency plans, etc.LOOK CONFIDENT – Confident body language means you are less likely to run into trouble.AWARENESS – Be aware of your surroundings and be alert to your body responses to situation.NEVER ASSUME
27Lone Worker Checklist – Useful Pointers For Managers 1 Carry out informal inspections of the workplace and access on a regular basis to make sure it is safe, and that people are working safely.Ask yourself would you feel working there?How will I communicate with the worker to ensure their well being?Check equipment is being maintained correctly & records kept.Ensure CoSHH assessments are available for all substances used and stored on the premises.Ensure risk assessments of all processes and activities are available for workers to refer to and the that Safe Working Procedures are available.Ensure your workers are fully aware of local rules, especially those related to working out of normal business hours.
28Lone Worker Checklist – Useful Pointers For Managers 2 Where relevant, check the ‘out of hours’ signing in book to ensure people are signing in and that they have the Head of Departments permission to work ‘out of hours’.Periodically speak to those who work alone informally and find out if they have any concerns that can be dealt with easily.Ensure they know you do not want them to put themselves at risk.Ask them how the job could be made safer.Ensure you have a reliable system for contacting the lone worker and establishing that they are free from harm.Consider what emergency situations could arise and make sure that procedures are in place to cover them.
29Useful Pointers For Lone Workers 1 Ensure someone knows where you are and establish a contact system so that you can tell someone when you’re at work and when you’re leaving.Don’t do anything which you feel might put you in danger – report any dangerous incident or situation to your supervisor and seek advice.Don’t ‘cut corners’ or rush the work, set yourself a reasonable target and work towards it.
30Useful Pointers For Lone Workers 2 If you start to feel tired either stop for a short break, take a walk outside in the fresh air, or go home after contacting your supervisor and/or signing out.Ensure you know and follow, relevant safe working procedures and guidelines for operating equipment and handling and using substances.If you don’t know how to do something – don’t do it – leave it until someone is around to help you.
31Useful Pointers For Lone Workers 3 If you get injured stay calm, use your training, and if you need assistance contact the Emergency Control Centre on or, if off campus, dial 999 giving clear instruction to the Emergency Services of where you are and the nature of the incident.
32Home Visits & Meeting the Public 1 Have your lone workers: -Been fully trained in strategies for the prevention of violence?Been briefed about the areas where they work, or will work?Been made aware of attitudes, traits or mannerisms that can annoy clients?Been given all available information about the client from all the relevant agencies?Left an itinerary?Made plans to keep in contact with colleagues?The means to contact you?The relevant telephone numbers?A sound grasp of your organisation’s preventative strategy?Authority to arrange an accompanied visit, security escort, or use of a taxi?
33Home Visits & Meeting the Public 2 Do your lone workers: -Carry forms for reporting incidents, including violence or threats of violence?Understand the importance of previewing cases?Appreciate the need for this procedure and use it?Know your attitude to premature termination of interviews?Know how to control and defuse potentially violent situations?Appreciate their responsibility for their own safety?Understand the provisions for support by your organisation?
34Lone Workers – Remember! Greet clients politely and with eye contact.Be aware of body language, signs of anger, tension, stress, etc.Avoid invading other people’s personal space or touching them.If attacked your voice is your best defence, shout a positive command or yell loudly to ‘Stop’.Have a mobile phone for emergencies but keep it secure and out of sight with a number pre-programmed for emergency use.Procedures for call-in should be in place together with those for non-arrival.If using car parks in busy areas, use ones which are well lit at night.Don’t leave anything visible in the car. Lock all doors.Trust your intuition, if the situation feels unsafe, or you feel uneasy – use a plausible excuse and leave.Consider meeting clients in public places – e.g. hotels etc