Presentation on theme: "BY: Cali & Chance He is a Canadian developmental psychologist He studied psychological development with specific attention focused on adolescent psychosocial."— Presentation transcript:
He is a Canadian developmental psychologist He studied psychological development with specific attention focused on adolescent psychosocial development He defined a crisis as a time of upheaval where old values or choices are being re- examined. The outcome of a decision making process leads to a commitment to a certain value or role.
Erikson had suggested that the normative conflict occurring in adolescence is the opposition between identity and confusion Marcia elaborated on Eriksons proposal by suggesting this stage consists neither of identity resolution nor identity confusion as Erikson claimed, but the extent to which one both has explored and committed to an identity in a variety of life domains. Erikson
the status in which the adolescent is currently in a crisis, exploring various commitments and is ready to make choices, but has not made a commitment to these choices yet.
A little boy named sue was so excited for the upcoming weekend. He was popular and had many options of how to spend the weekend. He could either go hang out with Melissa and go to youth group, he could go to red rocks with Billy, and smoke weed in the caves, or he could stay home and hang out with his mom. Sue has a choice between 3 identity changing things, but he has not made up his mind yet. This is a example of identity moratorium.
the status in which the adolescent seems willing to commit to some relevant roles, values, or goals for the future. Adolescents in this stage have not experienced an identity crisis. They tend to conform to the expectations of others regarding their future (e. g. allowing a parent to determine a career direction) As such, these individuals have not explored a range of options.
Jims parents want him to grow up and manage the family business, he pretty much just says what the heck and grows up and does this. Timothys girlfriend is going to ACC, he was going to go to CU, but instead he got persuaded by his girlfriend, and went to ACC with her. THESE ARE ALL EXAMPLES OF IDENTITY FORECLOSURE
the status in which the adolescent does no have a sense of having choices; he or she has not yet made (nor is attempting/willing to make) a commitment Righteous
Phillis went to her friend Bettys house, and she just went with the flow, and followed Betty and they went downtown and got high because all of her friends were doing it and she wanted to fit in.
the status in which adolescent has gone through a identity crisis and has made a commitment to a sense of identity (i.e. certain role or value) that he or she has chosen
Children must pass through several stages, or take specific steps, on their road to becoming adults. For most people, there are four or five such stages of growth where they learn certain things: infancy (birth to age two), early childhood (ages 3 to 8 years), later childhood (ages 9 to 12) and adolescence (ages 13 to 18).
People 18 and over are considered adults in our society. Of course, there are some who will try to act older than their age. But, for the most part, most everybody grows in this same pattern.