Presentation on theme: "Letters and Sounds Information Session"— Presentation transcript:
1 Letters and Sounds Information Session WelcomeLetters and Sounds Information Session2014
2 LETTERS AND SOUNDSLetters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007.It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills.
3 (hearing and saying sounds) What’s it all about?Phonics at a glancePhonics is…Skills ofsegmentation andBlending(hearing and saying sounds)Knowledge ofthe alphabeticcode.Phonics Consists of:• Identifying sounds in spoken words• Learning the Letter Sounds.• Blending phonemes (letter sounds) into words for reading.• Segmenting words into phonemes(letter sounds) for spelling.Learning tricky words – words that are not decodable.
4 t ai igh SOME dEFINITIONS A phoneme (We refer to these as the letter Sounds)This is the smallest unit of sound in aword.How many phonemes can you hear in cat?A grapheme (we refer to these as the sound buttons or the letters that make the sound)These are the letters that represent the phoneme.The grapheme could be 1 letter, 2 letters or more! We refer to these as sound buttons.t ai ighCVC words e.g cat CCVC words e.g trap CVCC words e.g must
5 (Pre-school/Foundation) Phase 1(Pre-school/Foundation)* Showing an awareness of rhyme andalliteration.* Distinguishing between sounds in the environment.* Exploring and experimenting with soundsand words.*Discriminating speech sounds in words.* Beginning to orally blend and segmentphonemes (hear and say each sound in words).
6 Phase 1 – At home Singing nursery rhymes Sharing and talking about stories/rhymes/poems and songsListening out for different sounds in the environmentAlliteration- Peter Piper Picked a peck of pickled pepper, Harry Hamster has a hat etcPlaying what’s in the box or bag- to distinguish between different initial letter soundsPlaying ‘Sound / Robot talk game- eg I spy a c-a-tUsing sound talk in daily routine- eg Can you find your s-o-ck?, Can you pass me the f-or-k?Playing Simon Says- using sound talk
7 Phase 2 (Foundation Stage) Blending for reading and segmenting for spelling.Continue to practise sound talk.Learning the first letter sounds.Learning to read and write simple *VC and CV words then CVC words eg. at, is, to, sat, sip etcBeginning to learn the tricky words.* V- Vowel C- Consonant
8 Set 1 - s, a, t, p, Set 2 - l, n, m, d, Set 3 - g, o, c, k, Phase 2 Letter SetsSet 1 - s, a, t, p,Set 2 - l, n, m, d,Set 3 - g, o, c, k,Set 4 - ck, e, u, r,Set 5 - h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
9 (Blending for reading) Sound Buttons(Blending for reading)• Recognising the letter sounds in a written word e.g c-u-p sh-ee-p.• Merging them into the correct order topronounce the word cup and sheep.cupsheep
10 Segmenting (for spelling) • Hear and say (sound talk) the individual sounds in a spoken word (e.g. h-i-m, s-t-or-k) and writing down letters for each sound (phoneme) to form the word him and stork.Encourage children to hear the sounds and write these egwoz sed frends
11 High Frequency Words Tricky Words • Words that are decodable can be sounded out eg. dad, mum, didShould become sight wordsTricky Words• Words that cannot be sounded out eg. the, to, I, said, they, to, go, myNeed to be able to read them on sight.Important to practice regularly.
12 Phase 2 – At home Play online games Spelling and Reading Magnetic Letters to support recognition of soundsMake little words together- eg it, up, am top, dig, am, run. As you select the letter sounds say them aloud ‘a-m’- am, ‘m-e-t- met’Continue practising ‘Sound Talk’.Model sounding out words in reading books and support children to do this by pointing to each letter sound (blending for reading). Eg cat, sitPlay online games
13 (Foundation plus revision in Year 1) Phase 3(Foundation plus revision in Year 1)The purpose of this phase is to:teach more graphemes, most of which are made of two letters, for example, ‘oa’ as in boatpractise blending and segmenting a wider set of CVC words, for example, fizz, chip, sheep, lightLearn all letter names and begin to form them correctly- alphabet songRead more tricky words and begin to spell some of them read and write words in phrases and sentences.
14 Phase 3 Letter Sets Set 6 – j, v, w, x Set 7- y, z, zz, qu ch, sh, th, ngear, air, ure, er, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ai, ee, igh, oa,oo- long and short
15 Phase 3 – At Home Sing an alphabet song together. Play ‘I spy’, using letter names as well as sounds.Continue to play with magnetic letters, using some of the two grapheme (letter) combinations:blending for reading segmenting for spellingr-ai-n = rain rain = r-ai-nb-oa-t = boat boat = b-oa-th-ur-t = hurt hurt = h-ur-tPraise your child for trying out words.Continue to practise reading and spelling the tricky words.Play games to support reading and writing.
16 (end of Foundation continuing into Year 1) Phase 4(end of Foundation continuing into Year 1)Consolidation unit. There are no new graphemes to learn. Continue to revise the previously taught letter sounds.Reading and spelling of tricky words continues.• Segmenting and spelling and reading more complex words e.g. went, frog, stand, shrink, jumps
17 (Throughout Year 1 with some revision in Year 2) Phase 5(Throughout Year 1 with some revision in Year 2)Using alternative ways of pronouncing and spelling the graphemes corresponding to the long vowel phonemes.Spelling more complex words using phonetically plausible attempts. For example, hows (house), shoo (shoe) sinemar (cinema)Continue to revise previously taught letter soundsContinue to learn tricky words and the High Frequency words- be able to read on sight and spell.
18 ea eat, oy boy, ir girl, ue blue, aw saw, wh when, ph photo, Phase 5 Letter Setsay day, ou out, ie tie,ea eat, oy boy, ir girl, ue blue, aw saw,wh when, ph photo,ew new, oe toe,au Paul
19 Year 1 phonics screening All children tested in the Summer Term.Nonsense words are included and children should recognise these are not real words.Results are sent out to parents in end of year reports.
20 Phase 6 or Support for spelling (Year 2 throughout)Focuses on spellings and learning all the spelling rules. (adding ed, ing)With revision of Phase 5 Letter soundsSpelling of all tricky words
21 Websites and Further ideas Link to lots of printable resources!word puzzles/games- Hangman, wordsearches, finding words within words, pairs gamesReading- books, comics, poems, songs etcSupporting children with spelling- modellingHave Fun!