Presentation on theme: "Letters and Sounds Information Session 2014. Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007. It."— Presentation transcript:
Letters and Sounds Information Session 2014
Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills.
Phonics at a glance Phonics is… Skills of segmentation and Blending (hearing and saying sounds) Knowledge of the alphabetic code. Phonics Consists of: Identifying sounds in spoken words Learning the Letter Sounds. Blending phonemes (letter sounds) into words for reading. Segmenting words into phonemes(letter sounds) for spelling. Learning tricky words – words that are not decodable.
A phoneme (We refer to these as the letter Sounds) This is the smallest unit of sound in a word. How many phonemes can you hear in cat? A grapheme (we refer to these as the sound buttons or the letters that make the sound) These are the letters that represent the phoneme. The grapheme could be 1 letter, 2 letters or more! We refer to these as sound buttons. t ai igh CVC words e.g cat CCVC words e.g trap CVCC words e.g must
Singing nursery rhymes Sharing and talking about stories/rhymes/poems and songs Listening out for different sounds in the environment Alliteration- Peter Piper Picked a peck of pickled pepper, Harry Hamster has a hat etc Playing what’s in the box or bag- to distinguish between different initial letter sounds Playing ‘Sound / Robot talk game- eg I spy a c-a-t Using sound talk in daily routine- eg Can you find your s-o- ck?, Can you pass me the f-or-k? Playing Simon Says- using sound talk
Set 1 - s, a, t, p, Set 2 - l, n, m, d, Set 3 - g, o, c, k, Set 4 - ck, e, u, r, Set 5 - h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss 2-initial-sound-game-1.html 2-initial-sound-game-1.html
shee p cu p Recognising the letter sounds in a written word e.g c-u-p sh-ee-p. Merging them into the correct order to pronounce the word cup and sheep. re2.html
Hear and say (sound talk) the individual sounds in a spoken word (e.g. h-i-m, s-t-or-k) and writing down letters for each sound (phoneme) to form the word him and stork. Encourage children to hear the sounds and write these eg woz sed frends
Words that cannot be sounded out eg. the, to, I, said, they, to, go, my Need to be able to read them on sight. Important to practice regularly. Words that are decodable can be sounded out eg. dad, mum, did Should become sight words
Spelling and Reading Magnetic Letters to support recognition of sounds Make little words together- eg it, up, am top, dig, am, run. As you select the letter sounds say them aloud ‘a-m’- am, ‘m-e-t- met’ Continue practising ‘Sound Talk’. Model sounding out words in reading books and support children to do this by pointing to each letter sound (blending for reading). Eg cat, sit Play online games
Set 6 – j, v, w, x Set 7- y, z, zz, qu ch, sh, th, ng ear, air, ure, er, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo- long and short Set 6 – j, v, w, x Set 7- y, z, zz, qu ch, sh, th, ng ear, air, ure, er, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo- long and short
Sing an alphabet song together. Play ‘I spy’, using letter names as well as sounds. Continue to play with magnetic letters, using some of the two grapheme (letter) combinations: blending for reading segmenting for spelling r-ai-n = rain rain = r-ai-n b-oa-t = boat boat = b-oa-t h-ur-t = hurt hurt = h-ur-t Praise your child for trying out words. Continue to practise reading and spelling the tricky words. Play games to support reading and writing.
Consolidation unit. There are no new graphemes to learn. Continue to revise the previously taught letter sounds. Reading and spelling of tricky words continues. Segmenting and spelling and reading more complex words e.g. went, frog, stand, shrink, jumps
Using alternative ways of pronouncing and spelling the graphemes corresponding to the long vowel phonemes. Spelling more complex words using phonetically plausible attempts. For example, hows (house), shoo (shoe) sinemar (cinema) Continue to revise previously taught letter sounds Continue to learn tricky words and the High Frequency words- be able to read on sight and spell.
ay day, ou out, ie tie, ea eat, oy boy, ir girl, ue blue, aw saw, wh when, ph photo, ew new, oe toe, au Paul ay day, ou out, ie tie, ea eat, oy boy, ir girl, ue blue, aw saw, wh when, ph photo, ew new, oe toe, au Paul
Year 1 phonics screening All children tested in the Summer Term. Nonsense words are included and children should recognise these are not real words. Results are sent out to parents in end of year reports.
Focuses on spellings and learning all the spelling rules. (adding ed, ing) With revision of Phase 5 Letter sounds Spelling of all tricky words
word puzzles/games- Hangman, wordsearches, finding words within words, pairs games Reading- books, comics, poems, songs etc Supporting children with spelling- modelling Have Fun! Link to lots of printable resources!