Presentation on theme: "Dr. Erna Surjadi MS.APBI, PhD"— Presentation transcript:
1Dr. Erna Surjadi MS.APBI, PhD “GENDER HARMONY (GH) IS A TOOL TO SUPPORT GENDER MAINSTREAMING AND WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN EDUCATION”By:Dr. Erna Surjadi MS.APBI, PhDDirector of Yayasan Gender Harmony; ; ;Presented for the X.World Education Congress (WEC), Bali, Indonesia September 2013
2BACKGROUNDBeijing Platform for Action (BPFA, 1995), the Fourth World Conference on Women, endorsed the 12 critical areas of concern;1) Poverty,2) Education and Training,3) Health,4) Violence against women,5) Armed conflict,6) Economy,7) Power and Decision Making,8) Institutional Mechanism for the advancement of women,9) Human Rights of Women,10) Media,11) Environment and12) Girl child.The Platform for Action - agenda for women's empowerment.To remove all the obstacles to women's active participation,In public and private lifethrough a full and equal share in: economic, social, cultural and political decision-makingat home, in the workplace and in the wider national and international communities.Equality is a matter of human rights and a condition for social justice…”To achieve equality,the Platform for Action emphasizes the need for womento work together and in partnership with mentowards the common goal of gender equity worldwide.
3GENDER APPROACHESThe BPFA in 1995: the Women in Development (WID) approach; while Beijing+5 (2000): Gender and Development (GAD).Situation/condition are created by men and women - not from the women alone.Gender equality cannot be achieved by changing the women only, thus the gender mainstreaming strategy has been endorsed to the world (1995) – however most programmes still focus on women due it is believed they are left behind the men.Gender mainstreaming – a strategy of designing, implementation , monitoring and evaluation programmes to achieve gender equality.
5Gender concerns:Low overall education and poor economic background of women further increases their inability to access medical services; so many cases of patients "coming too late"Low self esteem created by social, traditional and family norms. Traditional and culture practices are often the cause for their poor nutrition, inability to negotiate safe sex and other behaviors that affect successful treatment of TB/HIV.Involvement more women into political arena is not a guarantee to support changes due to their “less bargaining power’, ‘oversimplified’ gender and the need to work with men
6PATRIARCHY CULTUREPatriarchy put men as number one while in modern era: human rights, gender equality and equity -- stimulating different perception between spouses for expected behaviour that is following the changing role.The different perception following to the behaviour may add stressor that lead to latent crisis in family life, and failure to perform tranformation; instead it is manifested into violence against women (men) in family.Women’s empowerment seems automatically under the men’s control, mostly in rural areas where most women are less educated. (Women in politics are also somehow ‘being marginalized’ by men)
7What is GENDER HARMONY (GH)? The study on violence against women was conducted during ; continued during ; and being confirmed on 2008 (E. Surjadi, University of Indonesia, 2008).GH is firstly launched on December 2010 in Jakarta, IndonesiaGH is defined based on two variables 1) RESPECT – to respect human rights inc Women’s rights; 2) For UNITY – to collaborate for family advancement, as a tool to achieve gender equality within high/good COMMUNICATIONGH as a tool to be used by a process; its not given but acquired.Husband and Wife – Male/female: matching the gender disparities into equal partnership (egalitarian ethos); can lead her/himself and collaborate with others for family advancementFamily welfare is the basic dream for many nations and the world.
8GENDER HARMONY Promoting: GENDER LANGUAGE – COMMUNICATION is the best HUMAN RIGHTS IMPLEMENTATIONASPECTS: SOCIAL, CULTURE, ECONOMICS, POLITICSFamily advancementGENDER LANGUAGE – COMMUNICATION is the bestNO BODY IS PERFECTPOSITIVE THINKING AS FLOW OF HAPPINESSTO ERR IS HUMAN TO FORGIVE IS DIVINESERENITYFAMILY CAREER DEVELOPMENT SYSTEMCoping mechanism for day to day harmonious livingTransformation: together’s changes towards advancement
10Research Results:High Patriarchy C low communication GBV maximum -1.83High Patriarchy C High communication - GBV seldomLow Patriarchy C Low Communication - GBV frequent 1.79Low Patriarchy C High communication -GBVminimum 0.56Patriarchy culturehighlowlowhighcommunicationKDRT = Gender based violence
11GH is delivered via training, dialogue, role play, gender collaboration & empowerment, discussion, and games for women and men@Yayasan Gender Harmony:
13TestimonyGH creates easiest ways to understand what needed and important in my relationship with partner – young peopleIf I knew GH before, I wouldn’t break up with my boy friend – young peopleI wished to know GH long before I got divorce – mid elderly womanGH made me understand better women and their disparities – old men, young menGH brings acceptance why ‘Ladies first’ is there -- men: old and young menGH made me understand better how to control emotional and not doing something I regret in VAW – old men@Yayasan Gender Harmony:
14Women’s empowerment is Family advancement towards Future investment No Right No HarmonyNo Harmony No PeaceNo Peace No HappinessThank youTERIMA KASIH