POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF C.S.R Better anticipation and management of an ever expanding spectrum of risk Improved reputation management Enhanced ability to recruit, develop and retain staff Improved innovation competitiveness and market positioning.
Improved ability to attract and build effective and efficient supply chain relationships. Enhanced ability to address changeMore robust “social license”.Access to capitalImproved relations with regulators.A catalyst for responsible consumption.
Empowerment is derived from the word` power’ the prefix` em’ is attached to it. This prefix is used to form verb meaning to `make into’` cause power’. Thus` to empower’ is to` make or cause power’ i.e. ` to power or grant power’. Women in the Indian society still looks towards the society to grant them power or empower them in various ways. women empowerment talks much about empowering women.21 st century women are now become vital part & parcel of society.
Women as employeesWomen in management Women as owners/shareholders Women as professionals Women as suppliersWomen as customersWomen as dealers Women in local communities
Indira Gandhi, served as Prime Minister of India for a period of fifteen years is the world's longest serving woman Prime Minister.Indira GandhiPrime Minister of India
The Constitution of India guarantees to all Indian women- Equality (Article 14), No discrimination by the State (Article 15(1), Equality of opportunity (Article 16), Equal pay for equal work (Article 39(d)). Special provisions to be made by the State in favour of women and children (Article 15(3)), Renounces practices derogatory to the dignity of women (Article 51(A) (e), Provisions to be made by the State for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief. (Article 42).
The feminist activism in India picked up momentum during later 1970s. One of the first national level issues was the Mathura rape case.feminist activism in IndiaMathura rape case The feminist activism in India picked up momentum during later 1970s. One of the first national level issues was the Mathura rape case.feminist activism in IndiaMathura rape case
Female activists united over issues such as female infanticide, gender bias, women health, and female literacy. Since alcoholism is often associated with violence against women in India many women groups launched anti-liquor campaigns in Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh and other states.Andhra Pradesh Himachal PradeshHaryanaOrissaMadhya Pradesh The Government of India declared 2001 as the Year of Women's Empowerment ( Swashakti ) The National Policy For The Empowerment Of Women came was passed in 2001. In 2010 March 9, one day after International Women's day, Rajyasabha passed Women's Reservation Bill, ensuring 33% reservation to women in Parliament and state legislative bodies
YearRuralUrban Participation Rates (%)RatiosParticipation Rates (%) Ratios MaleFemaleMaleFemale 1972-73 54.531.81.7150.113.4 3.74 1977-78 18.104.22.16850.815.6 3.36 1983 54.734.01.6151.215.1 3.39 1987-88 53.932.31.6750.615.2 3.36 1993-94 55.332.81.6952.115.5 4.46 1998 a 53.926.32.0550.911.4 3.81 2002 a 54.628.11.9453.414.0 2.02 Index of Dissimilarity ---- 0.76--- 2.45 Male-Female ratio of Work force participation rates
Female workforce national v/s international level India has the lowest percentage of women employees (23%), followed by Japan (24%), Turkey (26%) and Austria (29%), Corporate Gender Gap report OF the World Economic Forum. The United States of America (52%), Spain (48%), Canada [(46%) and Finland (44%) display the highest percentage of women employees, WEF survey. Greatest percentage of women employees- the financial services and insurance (60%), professional services (56%) and media and entertainment (42%) industries employ the greatest percentage of women. The lowest percentage of women in automotive (18%), mining (18%) and agriculture (21%).
Social IndicatorIndiaWorld Infant Mortality Rate, per 1000 live births7360 Maternal Mortality Rate, per 100,000 live births570430 Female Literacy, %5877.6 Female School Enrolment4762 Earned Income by females, %2658 Underweight Children, %5330 Total Fertility Rate3.22.9 Women in Government, %67 Contraception usage, %4456 Low birth weight babies, %3317 The statistics testifies to the brutalities afflicted on women folk
( i) Creating an environment through positive economic and social policies for full development of women to enable them to realize their full potential (ii) The de-jure and de-facto enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedom by women on equal basis with men in all spheres – political, economic, social, cultural and civil. (iii) Equal access to participation and decision making of women in social, political and economic life of the nation. (iv) Equal access to women to health care, quality education at all levels, career and vocational guidance, employment, equal remuneration, occupational health and safety, social security and public office etc.
(v) Strengthening legal systems aimed at elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. (vi) Changing societal attitudes and community practices by active participation and involvement of both men and women. (vii) Mainstreaming a gender perspective in the development process. (viii) Elimination of discrimination and all forms of violence against women and the girl child. (ix) Building and strengthening partnerships with civil society, particularly women’s organizations. Media should expose performances, contributions and achievements of women in an idealistic way
6) To strike proper balance between personal and professional life they have to work harder which sometimes result into giving up their bright careers for family cause. 7) Even though women are highly qualified and competent but they still have to depend on the family decision to take up any career before marriage as well as after marriage. 8) India being on the path of development still struggles with the social issues relating to women such as female infanticide, illiteracy, dowry, child marriages, inequality of gender, child labour, In equal property rights, prostitution, trafficking and other serious problems. 5) Women at work place face worst problem of sexual harassment after being sincere and talented they pay price to remain in job.
SUGGESTIONS Corporate social responsibility is more than a topic to discuss about it is changing fate and face of society but it should be adopted by all the business houses voluntarily. Country like India should specially advocate for corporate social responsibility as it can be possible remedies for many issues like illiteracy, poverty, child labour, unemployment and rural development. Women related issues need important attention from government, society and specially from corporate sector.
India is developing in all possible areas but there are certain areas where development is almost stagnant gender discrimination is one of them Corporates can definitely empower women right from encouraging them to get education till getting respectable livelihood to become productive citizens. Corporate can provide finance to overcome some unsolved issues if properly utilised Women related issues at work like sexual harassment though comes under legal framework but it can be stopped by corporate if internal control within organisation gives due importance to women related rules
Women since ages have silently witnessed the significant changes in society whether its country’s freedom, agricultural development, modernisation, liberalisation, privatisation& globalisation but one thing which has not changed satisfactorily is gender inequality in Indian society. This discrimination though age old still rules the society right from discrimination to not to give birth to girl child till not to give them opportunity in employment after marriage, women for their living & livelihood still majorly depends on family’s decision
Which is almost absent in case of male members of the same society. From Vedic period till the now society looks for sacrifices from women not men. They have to strike balance between social, personal & professional lives. Corporate social responsibility towards women empowerment can become ray of hope in many ways right from changing attitude towards women in the society to making women independent financially, physically and socially and enabling them to stand on their feet. The motive behind joining CSR with women empowerment is to provide solutions to women related issues. Every
project needs finance from society which can be amply supplied by big business houses but society should also become instrumental in developing women’s status. Providing competitive jobs equal to men is not only providing bread and butter to women but also uplifting them, society can only develop when growth is equally enjoyed by every section of society though we have shining examples of women achievers in India like president Mrs pratibha patil, India’s nightingale Lata Mangeshkar
, women astronauts late Kalpana Chawla and so on but these are in few thousand there is a need to have such achievements in lakhs and lakhs. when a girl in small village can also read these success stories and get inspiration and when right to get birth will be given to girl child then only our country will stand to be differert atleast in case of equal respect to women.
“ I HAVE RIGHTS, I WILL RECLAIM THESE RIGHTS, AND DAYS WILL PROVE IT”. - FATIMA,LEADING TO CHOICES WORKSHOP PARTICIPANT, LEBANON