2Question 1Which statement best summarizes the main idea behind the 4th, 5th, and 6th Amendments?Even persons accused of a crime enjoy certain basic rights.Criminal defendants must be fully prosecuted.Criminal acts should lead to the loss of a person’s liberty.Accused persons are usually guilty of committing some crime.
3QUESTION 2Under this plan, the number of representatives each state would elect for Congress would be based on population.New Jersey PlanMarshall PlanVirginia PlanConnecticut Plan
4Question 3The Bill of Rights was added to the U.S. Constitution primarily toprovide the President with power in times of emergency.establish fair and impartial elections.protect individual liberties.guarantee voting privileges to minorities.
5Question 4Under this plan, every state had an equal vote, ensuring that smaller states couldnot be overpowered by more populous ones.New Jersey PlanMarshall PlanVirginia PlanConnecticut Plan
6Question 5Which guarantees freedom of the press, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion to individuals in the United States?the Treaty of Paris of 1783the Articles of Confederationthe First Amendment to the U.S. Constitutionthe Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
7Question 6Under the Articles of Confederation, most of the power belonged tothe national government.the state governments.the President.the military.
8Question 7Which of the following was an important characteristic of American society as noted by Alexis de Tocqueville in ?federalismimperialismpopulismisolationism
9Question 8The system of checks and balances is best illustrated by the power ofthe President to veto a bill passed by Congress.Congress to censure one of its members.a governor to send the National Guard to stop a riot.state and federal governments to levy and collect taxes.
10Question 9Which has been an important limitation on the power of eminent domain found in the Fifth Amendment?The reciting of prayers in public schools has been prohibited.There must be a “clear and present danger” before it can be exercised.Individuals accused of committing crimes are protected from abusive behavior by the police.Governments must provide “reasonable compensation” when taking a person’s property.
11Question 10Which of the following words are part of the Declaration of Independence?“They are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”“All persons born or naturalized in the United States are citizens of the United States.”“No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner.”“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.”
12Question 11 Which action would be protected by the First Amendment? A reporter publishes an article critical of city officials.A man on trial refuses to testify against himself.A woman asks to see a lawyer before answering questions from the police.A family refuses to permit soldiers to be housed in their home.
13Question 12In the United States, illegally obtained evidence cannot be used in a court of law against someone. This rule is based on an individual’s constitutional right toface accusers in open court.be protected against double jeopardy.a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury.protection against unreasonable searches and seizures.
14Question 13Which statement describes a limitation on government action established by the Bill of Rights?Congress controls interstate commerce.The President shares control over foreign policy with Congress.The Supreme Court can declare acts of Congress unconstitutional.Government officials cannot enter a home without the owner’s permission or a valid search warrant.
15Question 14Which principle was adopted in the U.S. Constitution to ensure that no one branch of the federal government became too powerful?republican governmentpopular sovereigntyjudicial reviewchecks and balances
16Question 15What has been the impact of the First Amendment’s separation of church and state on the American way of life?It has brought about an end to religious differences.It has helped to promote religious freedom.It has increased American interest in religion.It has fostered inequality between religious groups.
17Question 16The “due process” clause in the Fifth Amendment and the right to an attorney in the Sixth Amendment were both designed toprotect freedom of expression.assure that laws are properly enacted.ensure fair treatment for those accused of crimes.provide for judicial review of laws.
18Question 17Why did the members of the Constitutional Convention place a provision in the U.S. Constitution that allowed it to be amended?Most of the members of the Convention opposed slavery.They feared the decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court.They wanted to enable the Constitution to adjust to changing times.They needed support in state legislatures for ratification.
19Question 18Why did Alexis de Tocqueville believe that American society was egalitarian?All Americans had the same wealth.Americans lacked a hereditary social class of nobles.Americans had just abolished slavery just before his visit.The Declaration of Independence announced that all men were created equal.
20Question 19Which branch of government established in the original U.S. Constitution was designed to be elected directly by citizens?PresidentSupreme CourtHouse of Representativesthe President’s Cabinet
21Question 20Which pair of amendments proved most helpful to the development of the Civil Rights Movement?2nd and 3rd Amendments7th and 8th Amendments9th and 10th Amendments14th and 15th Amendments