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U.s. history Unit 1 Exam Review.

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Presentation on theme: "U.s. history Unit 1 Exam Review."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.s. history Unit 1 Exam Review

2 Question 1 Which statement best summarizes the main idea behind the 4th, 5th, and 6th Amendments? Even persons accused of a crime enjoy certain basic rights. Criminal defendants must be fully prosecuted. Criminal acts should lead to the loss of a person’s liberty. Accused persons are usually guilty of committing some crime.

3 QUESTION 2 Under this plan, the number of representatives each state would elect for Congress would be based on population. New Jersey Plan Marshall Plan Virginia Plan Connecticut Plan

4 Question 3 The Bill of Rights was added to the U.S. Constitution primarily to provide the President with power in times of emergency. establish fair and impartial elections. protect individual liberties. guarantee voting privileges to minorities.

5 Question 4 Under this plan, every state had an equal vote, ensuring that smaller states could not be overpowered by more populous ones. New Jersey Plan Marshall Plan Virginia Plan Connecticut Plan

6 Question 5 Which guarantees freedom of the press, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion to individuals in the United States? the Treaty of Paris of 1783 the Articles of Confederation the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

7 Question 6 Under the Articles of Confederation, most of the power belonged to the national government. the state governments. the President. the military.

8 Question 7 Which of the following was an important characteristic of American society as noted by Alexis de Tocqueville in ? federalism imperialism populism isolationism

9 Question 8 The system of checks and balances is best illustrated by the power of the President to veto a bill passed by Congress. Congress to censure one of its members. a governor to send the National Guard to stop a riot. state and federal governments to levy and collect taxes.

10 Question 9 Which has been an important limitation on the power of eminent domain found in the Fifth Amendment? The reciting of prayers in public schools has been prohibited. There must be a “clear and present danger” before it can be exercised. Individuals accused of committing crimes are protected from abusive behavior by the police. Governments must provide “reasonable compensation” when taking a person’s property.

11 Question 10 Which of the following words are part of the Declaration of Independence? “They are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” “All persons born or naturalized in the United States are citizens of the United States.” “No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner.” “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.”

12 Question 11 Which action would be protected by the First Amendment?
A reporter publishes an article critical of city officials. A man on trial refuses to testify against himself. A woman asks to see a lawyer before answering questions from the police. A family refuses to permit soldiers to be housed in their home.

13 Question 12 In the United States, illegally obtained evidence cannot be used in a court of law against someone. This rule is based on an individual’s constitutional right to face accusers in open court. be protected against double jeopardy. a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury. protection against unreasonable searches and seizures.

14 Question 13 Which statement describes a limitation on government action established by the Bill of Rights? Congress controls interstate commerce. The President shares control over foreign policy with Congress. The Supreme Court can declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. Government officials cannot enter a home without the owner’s permission or a valid search warrant.

15 Question 14 Which principle was adopted in the U.S. Constitution to ensure that no one branch of the federal government became too powerful? republican government popular sovereignty judicial review checks and balances

16 Question 15 What has been the impact of the First Amendment’s separation of church and state on the American way of life? It has brought about an end to religious differences. It has helped to promote religious freedom. It has increased American interest in religion. It has fostered inequality between religious groups.

17 Question 16 The “due process” clause in the Fifth Amendment and the right to an attorney in the Sixth Amendment were both designed to protect freedom of expression. assure that laws are properly enacted. ensure fair treatment for those accused of crimes. provide for judicial review of laws.

18 Question 17 Why did the members of the Constitutional Convention place a provision in the U.S. Constitution that allowed it to be amended? Most of the members of the Convention opposed slavery. They feared the decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court. They wanted to enable the Constitution to adjust to changing times. They needed support in state legislatures for ratification.

19 Question 18 Why did Alexis de Tocqueville believe that American society was egalitarian? All Americans had the same wealth. Americans lacked a hereditary social class of nobles. Americans had just abolished slavery just before his visit. The Declaration of Independence announced that all men were created equal.

20 Question 19 Which branch of government established in the original U.S. Constitution was designed to be elected directly by citizens? President Supreme Court House of Representatives the President’s Cabinet

21 Question 20 Which pair of amendments proved most helpful to the development of the Civil Rights Movement? 2nd and 3rd Amendments 7th and 8th Amendments 9th and 10th Amendments 14th and 15th Amendments

22 Answers 1-10 A C B D

23 Answers 11-20 11. A 12. D 13. D 14. D 15. B 16. C 17. C 18. B 19. C 20. D

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