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TREATMENT TOOLS. SESSION 8 C This session will identify various treatment tools and techniques that have been found useful in working with a dual diagnosis.

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Presentation on theme: "TREATMENT TOOLS. SESSION 8 C This session will identify various treatment tools and techniques that have been found useful in working with a dual diagnosis."— Presentation transcript:

1 TREATMENT TOOLS

2 SESSION 8 C This session will identify various treatment tools and techniques that have been found useful in working with a dual diagnosis population A review of outcomes regarding identified evidence based programs will also be included

3 SEVEN PRINCIPLES OF INTEGRATED CARE Mental health and substance abuse treatment are integrated to meet the needs of people with co- occurring disorders Integrated treatment specialists are trained to treat both substance use disorders and serious mental illness Co-occurring disorders are treated in a stage-wise fashion with different services provided at different stages

4 SEVEN PRINCIPLES Motivational interventions are used to treat consumers in all stages, but especially in the persuasion stage Substance abuse counseling, using a cognitive- behavioral approach, is used to treat consumers in the active treatment and relapse prevention stages Multiple formats for services are available including individual, group, self-help, and family Medication services are integrated and coordinated with psychological services

5 BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF INTEGRATED TREATMENT Multi-disciplinary teams Integrated treatment specialists Stage-wise interventions Access to comprehensive services Time unlimited access to services Outreach Motivational interventions

6 BASIC CHARACTERISTICS Substance abuse counseling Group treatment for co-occurring disorders Family interventions for co-occurring disorders Alcohol and drug self-help groups Pharmacological treatment Interventions to promote health Secondary interventions for non-responders

7 TREATMENT TOOLS Non-silo’d care Integrated treatment approach Use of medications Strengths based model Trauma informed treatment Motivational interviewing Matching treatment interventions based upon stage of change Cognitive behavioral therapy Skills Building Thought Stopping Peer Support/12 Step Programs

8 BENEFITS OF INTEGRATED CARE Integrated treatment is associated with the following positive outcomes:  Reduced substance use  Improvement in psychiatric symptoms and functioning  Decreased hospitalizations  Increased housing stability  Fewer arrests  Improved quality of life

9 STAGES OF CHANGE/STAGES OF TREATMENT STAGES OF CHANGE Pre- Contemplation Contemplation Preparation Action Maintenance STAGES OF TRT Engagement Persuasion Active Treatment Relapse Prevention

10 ASSESSMENT RECOMMENDATIONS Integrated assessment tool that looks at both the mental health as well as the addictions the individual client is presenting with By doing a dual assessment, treatment will be integrated at a basic level and both mental health and addictions professionals will be able to use the data collected to implement programming

11 PRINCIPLES OF SCREENING AND ASSESSMENT 1.Because many consumers have substance use disorders, screen all consumers for both disorders 2.In addition to speaking with consumers, gather information from multiple sources 3.If information does not agree, ask consumers to help resolve the discrepancies in a matter-of-fact and non-threatening way 4.It is important to continue the assessment over time

12 INTEGRATED SCREENING AND ASSESSMENT Comprehensive longitudinal assessment Functional status Mental health symptoms, treatment, and response to treatment Substance use, treatment, and response to treatment Interactions between mental illness, substance use, and treatment

13 CONTEXTUAL ASSESSMENT Another important part of the integrated assessment is a detailed description of current substance use patterns, including factors that cause consumers to continue using

14 SUICIDE RISK ASSESSMENT Previous attempts and their seriousness Whether the attempt was intended or accidental Relationship of the previous suicidal behavior to the psychiatric symptoms Current psychiatric symptoms How specific is the plan? What method will be used? When will it happen? How available are the materials?

15 INTEGRATED TREATMENT PLANNING Using a team approach to develop the treatment goals Addressing the entire person Identifying behavioral health as well as substance use disorder goals Empowerment Building on strengths and not deficits Inclusive in nature

16 MOTIVATIONAL INTERVIEWING 1.Express empathy 2.Develop discrepancy 3.Avoid argumentation 4.Roll with resistance 5.Instill self-efficacy and hope

17 COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL SKILLS Identify negative thoughts Categorize negative thoughts Stop negative thoughts Replace negative thoughts with positive thoughts

18 CATEGORIZING NEGATIVE THOUGHTS Unrealistic Goals (Perfectionism) Imagining Catastrophe Overgeneralization Expecting the Worst Putting Self Down Black and White Thinking

19 WAYS TO REDUCE NEGATIVE THINKING Recall the good things in life and about yourself Challenge and refute irrational beliefs Avoid assuming catastrophe Re-label the distress Make a hopeful statement about yourself Blame the event, not yourself Remind yourself to stay on task Pat yourself on the back

20 BEHAVIORAL TECHNIQUES  Behavioral techniques to reduce or stop using substances include helping consumers:  Improve conversation skills  Learn assertiveness and relaxation skills  Replace substance use activities with other pleasant and useful activities  Manage mood problems

21 MAT Medication Assisted Therapy Coordinating care so that the client received the care he/she needs Effective use of anti-psychotic, anti-anxiety, and/or other drugs that will help sustain recovery Educate about medication compliance Use of peer educators regarding the utilization of medication and monitoring of compliance

22 STRENGTHS BASED MODELS Building self-efficacy Focusing on strengths and what the client CAN accomplish (rather than their deficits) Positive reinforcements Token economy Allowing client to feel empowered

23 TRAUMA INFORMED TREATMENT Understanding the importance of addressing any trauma in the client’s life The prevalence of trauma in a co-occurring client Utilization of trauma elements in therapy Teaching stress management and coping techniques

24 COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY Integrating thought processes with behavioral change Altering behavior through conscious will Consistent feedback and positive reinforcement Treating the whole person

25 SKILLS BUILDING Stress management Development of coping skills Communication skills Job skill development Basic living skills Medication management Development of relapse prevention strategies

26 PEER SUPPORT/12 STEP PROGRAM NAMI Self Help Groups Mentoring Peer Support

27 FOUR PHASES OF PARALLEL PROCESS RECOVERY Acute stabilization- detoxification of substances and treatment of psychotic symptoms Engagement- establishment of treatment relationship Prolongs stabilization- maintaining complete abstinence from the drug(s) Rehabilitation- continued participation in the program and self growth

28 IMPORTANT CATEGORIES OF MENTAL ILLNESS Psychotic disorders Mood disorders Personality disorders Anxiety disorders

29 PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS Disturbances in thinking, perception, communication, and behavior Usually first observed during adolescence or early adulthood Chronic, variable course Most common is schizophrenia

30 PSYCHOSIS Refers to the degree of severity of symptoms, not to a specific psychiatric disorder Thinking is so impaired that it interferes with ability to meet the ordinary demand of life Two types of psychotic symptoms Delusion- false belief that an individual holds in spite of logical proof to the contrary-interferes with social adjustment Hallucination- a false perception; a sensation of sight, hearing, smell, or taste that has no real world stimulus to cause it

31 OTHER PSYCHOTIC SYMPTOMS Disturbance of affect of emotions Bizarre behaviors Paranoid behaviors Cognitive disturbances Thought disorder

32 MOOD DISORDERS Disturbances of a person’s mood, which are not due to alcohol or drugs, physical illness, or other mental illness Two extreme abnormalities of mood- depression and mania- exist on either end of the continuum of the two basic normal moods of sad and happy

33 MOOD DISORDERS Bipolar disorders-are shown by distinct manic episodes that occur with or without the presence of history of depression Depressive disorders involve depression symptoms only

34 DEPRESSION SYMPTOMS May appear in emotional, cognitive, motivational, and physical ways including dejected mood, negative feelings toward self, withdrawal, crying, lack of energy, sleep and appetite disturbances

35 MANIC SYMPTOMS A distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritated mood that is severe enough to cause marked impairment in occupational, social, or interpersonal functioning

36 ANXIETY DISORDERS Anxiety- sensations of nervousness, tension, apprehension, and fear that come from the anticipation of danger, which may be internal or external Panic attack- distinct period of intense fear or discomfort that developed abruptly, usually peaking within a few minutes or less Phobias- the focus of anxiety is a person, thing, or situation that is dreaded, feared, and probably avoided

37 ANXIETY DISORDERS Obsessive-compulsive disorders- obsessions or compulsive rituals or both Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)- persistent re- experiencing of a psychologically traumatic stress when the person experienced intense fear, helplessness, or horror; may experience recurrent and intrusive images and thoughts of the stressor

38 ANXIETY SYMPTOMS Most common psychiatric symptoms seen in individuals with substance use disorders Substance induced or withdrawal-related anxiety symptoms usually resolve within a few days or weeks. Most resolve with substance abuse treatment Coexisting anxiety disorders may range from mildly to seriously debilitating


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