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Kimberly Allen, Ph.D. North Carolina State University

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Presentation on theme: "Kimberly Allen, Ph.D. North Carolina State University"— Presentation transcript:

1 HOME/SCHOOL CONNECTION: HELPING FAMILIES SUPPORT THEIR CHILDREN’S SCHOOL SUCCESS
Kimberly Allen, Ph.D. North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension

2 TODAY’S TALK Where we have been Where we are Benefits of home/school connection Barriers to family involvement How to reach families

3 Life ain’t like what it used to be!
happened? The ideal of a serene white-picketed fence family was created in television shows when many (now parents) baby boomers were watching TV as kids. That family was not really the norm even then and now it is even further from the norm. Even seeing those images just makes us feel nostalgic. But whose family was actually like the Ozzie and Harriets or Beaver Cleavers? What has happened to families? Why are some children more difficult than others? How can we help parents understand their children? Parenting is hard work and as children grow older, smarter, and larger in size it seems to just get harder and harder! Parents do not just have the single role of raising children. Unfortunately life is happening all around them. Life just keeps getting more and more rushed with work, making ends meet financially, and keeping up with family and community issues, health needs, insurance plans, appointments, grocery shopping, being a good neighbor, getting the car inspected, taking the pets to the vet, remembering mother’s birthday, and the list just goes on and on. We know that finding quality time with our children is critical, there are so many things to take care of. These challenges can add stress to our lives and make us feel overwhelmed!

4 MY HOW THINGS HAVE CHANGED…
In small groups, answer these questions: How have families changed? How has education changed? What about community change? What do you know about the role of parents in the educational process? Talk about Annette Lareaur’s research here

5 What was school like when you were young?
Subjects Taught? Norms and practices? Out of school activities?

6 COMPARE THAT WITH TODAY’S EDUCATIONAL PROCESS
US Trends and Societal Influences September 11, 1999 No Child Left Behind Act The World is Flat ( Internet surge in 1990’s) 21st Century Learning Skills Home Schooling is more prominent Virtual High Schools Magnet and Charter Schools H1N1 National Epidemi

7 21st Century Learning

8 The Transition from making things

9 To Knowing things

10 How involved were your parents in your education?

11 HOW INVOLVED ARE TODAY’S PARENTS?

12 A World of Disconnects Disconnections at the Family level
Little mealtime and playtime together Techno-interference Disconnects at the School level Student engagement Class size, Accountability standards Disconnects at the Community level Transience, knowing your neighbor? Economic survival Community involvement, mentors, role models

13 Did you Know 1 in 3 students who start high school in North Carolina does not graduate. Less than 60% of our African American students and 52% of Hispanic students graduate. ~ Action for Children, 2008

14 IT CAN GET BETTER IF WE Build on individual, family and community strengths Help parents actively engage in their child’s education Create a comprehensive education that provides skill training AND connects with pupil’s stakeholders

15 Community Family and peers
Policies supporting developmental and risk-level tailored interventions Neighborhood attachment and organization Family and peers Family cohesion Individual Temperament, age, developmental level, intelligence, perceived academic competency Family involvement Laws and norms Peer risky behaviors Schools and supportive agencies Relationships between systems Student-teacher relationships, supportive youth-adult relationships (e.g. 4-H)

16 Critical Elements in Outreach for Sustainable Parent Involvement
Family involvement Active teacher outreach Parent involvement School-family partnerships

17 HOME/SCHOOL CONNECTION HELPS CHILDREN
Earn higher grades and test scores Be promoted, pass their classes, and earn credits Attend school regularly Have better social skills and improved behavior Graduate and go on to postsecondary school

18 AND… Family participation in education is twice as predictive of students’ academic success as family socioeconomic status. Some of the more intensive programs had effects that were 10 times greater than other factors In fact, the more involvement, the better (Walberg, 1984)

19 MAJOR FACTORS OF PARENT INVOLVEMENT
1. Parents’ beliefs about what is important, necessary and permissible 2. The extent to which parents believe that they can have a positive influence on their children’s education 3. Parents’ perceptions that their children and school want them to be involved Talk about Leaureau (1997 review)

20 WHY AREN’T PARENTS MORE INVOLVED?

21 BARRIERS TO PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Time Knowledge School policies Negative Past Experiences Lack of Communication Lack of Training Parents/teachers do not easily communicate with each other because of issues regarding race, culture, socioeconomic status, and education There is a breakdown in communication when the educational environment is not sensitive to home- language and home culture Parent Involvement programs are school dominated Economic security limits the time parents devote to their child’s education

22 Barriers Faced Language/Literacy By Parents Unfamiliar
Credit to Behnke, A., North Carolina State University Language/Literacy Unfamiliar and intimidating systems Attitudes of Personnel Life factors Past Educational Experiences Work schedules Child care Lack of Information Transportation

23 What can we do to help the parents we serve?
ACTIVITY: Take 5 minutes and discuss this question with your neighbor: What do parents need in order to better connect with their child’s school? What can we do to help the parents we serve? Parents need good, clear information.

24 WORKING WITH PARENTS IS HOW YOU CAN HELP!
ECA members can help parents actively engaged in their education by Educating parents on the benefits of parent/school connection and Helping parents develop skills & strategies for being more involved.

25 SIX TYPES OF FAMILY INVOLVEMENT
PARENTING COMMUNICATING VOLUNTEERING LEARNING AT HOME DECISION MAKING COLLABORATING WITH THE COMMUNITY (EPSTEIN, 1997)

26 RESEARCH ON PARENTING ATTITUDES AND ACTIONS
Quality of parent–youth relationships matters—the more connected a child feels to their parent, the better chance of school success Monitoring youth behaviors positively influences adolescent achievement A parent attending school functions tends to yield higher academic success

27 PARENT/SCHOOL COMMUNICATION
On-going, two-way communication with school and parents: Builds positive relationships between children and their teachers, Leads to greater parent involvement, Promotes school readiness.

28 HELP PARENTS KNOW HOW TO COMMUNICATE WITH SCHOOLS
Parent/teacher conference Call/ /text Schedule a meeting Volunteer Lunch with student

29 have more interest in school, greater academic self-regulation,
DID YOU KNOW When adolescents perceive that their parents have high educational goals for them, they: have more interest in school, greater academic self-regulation, higher motivation and goal pursuits

30 VOLUNTEERING In or out of school volunteering fosters educational success Encourage parents to find a way to contribute to school Three for Me: Three hours of volunteer time each year A PTA program that helps parents find different ways to volunteer in the home, in the school and in the community, all of which support student learning.

31 Let Parents know how to help from home
Send positive messages about school Discuss their classroom activities Listening carefully to their explanations of what has been learned

32 PARENTS CAN HELP WITH Reading at home Reinforcing classroom concepts
Providing time and a place for doing homework Encouraging their children to keep trying when the work becomes difficult Monitoring homework completion Turning off the TV Engaging with their children in educational activities such as field trips, games and activities appropriate family games, puzzles, experiments, designing and model building activities that use a variety of mathematics, science and technology skills; Could talk about Unequal Childhood book

33 Decision Making Include families as partners in school decisions, governance, and advocacy through PTA/PTO, school councils, committees, and other parent organizations.

34 WHAT CAN PARENT’S DO? Visit classes Encourage attendance
Monitoring Children Advocate for their child Participate in parent-teacher conferences

35 Community Collaboration
Coordinate resources and services for families, students, and the school with businesses, agencies, and other groups, and provide services to the community.

36 PARENTS CAN Work with YOU about how to help their child succeed
Work to inform family-friendly policies at the classroom, school or district levels Network with other children, parents, teachers and administrators

37 PARENT INVOLVEMENT ISN’T THE ANSWER
School, family, and community partnerships can replace the term “parental involvement” Parents, educators, and community members must share responsibility for students’ learning and development.

38 IF WE BUILD IT, WILL THEY COME?
Early Childhood is a great place to start. Early Childcare Centers in your community Head Start/Early Head Start in every county Parents as Teachers Local school districts Faith-based organizations After school organizations Youth-serving groups Low-Income families need this information and empowerment the most Remind them of Lareaur’s work

39 COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IS ABOUT BUILDING RELATIONSHIPS
Do you have relationships with centers or agencies that focus on children’s education? If not, you will need to develop a relationship. How would you do that? Also, a bit about working with low-resource families?

40 EASY AS 1, 2, 3. Write down 1 center or agency you will target to implement this program in your community Write down 2 dates that you will visit the agency or center. List 3 people that you will call on for assistance and follow through with this program.

41 YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE. YOU DO MAKE A DIFFERENCE EVERY DAY
Thank you for all you have done for children and families in North Carolina! Do call if I can be of assistance! Kimberly Allen, PhD Assistant Professor and Extension Specialist 4-H Youth Development & Family and Consumer Sciences (919)

42 REFERENCES Arnold, D.H., Zeljo, A., Doctoroff, G. L., & Ortiz, C. (2008). Parent involvement in preschool: Predictors and the relation of involvement to preliteracy development. School Psychology Review, 37(1), Bouffard, S. (2008). Tapping into technology: The role of the Internet in family-school communication. Retrieved May 19, 2010, from involvement/publications-resources/tapping-into-technology-the-role-of-the-internet- in-family-school-communication. Epstein & Sheldon (2006). Moving Forward: Ideas for Research on School, Family, and Community Partnerships in C. F. Conrad & R. Serlin (Eds.) SAGE Handbook for research in education: Engaging ideas and enriching inquiry. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Epstein, J. L. (1987). Toward a theory of family–school connections: Teacher practices and parent involvement. In K. Hurrelman, F. X. Kaufman, & F. Losel (Eds.), Social intervention: Potential and con- straints (pp. 121–136). Berlin, Germany: de Gruyer. Hill, N. E. (2001). Parenting and academic socialization as they relate to school readiness: The role of ethnicity and family income. Journal of Educational Psychology, 93, 686–697. Shumow, L. & Miller, J.D. (2001). Parents’ at-home and at-school academic involvement with young adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence, 21, Walberg (1984). Review of 29 students of school-parent programs


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