19 Reading I –scanning (3m) Read through the passage and then answer the following questions: 1.What is the text mainly about? 2.What did the robot called Tony look like?
20 1.What is the text mainly about? 2.What did the robot called Tony look like? It is mainly about how a robot used for housework was tested out in a family. He looked like a tall and handsome man, speaking in a deep voice, with smooth black hair and his facial expression unchanged.
21 Decide whether the following statements are true or false, and try to find the sentence in the story to support your answers: 1.Larry was going to be away from home so he hired a robot to accompany his wife Claire. 2.Claire didnt like the idea at the beginning, but she agreed to it at last. 3. Tony could understand Claire when she said she was not clever. Reading II-skimming (5m) F T T
22 4. Tony was eager to help Claire. He scanned quite a lot of books in the library, but he could find no ways out. 5.It was Claire that first decided to invite Gladys and her friends to her house. 6.Claires guests were filled with admiration when they saw her house was completely changed. 7.Claire was very happy to find that Gladys envied her. 8. The company was satisfied with Tonys report because he had successfully made a woman fall in love with him. F F T T F
23 Reading III-detailed reading (6m) Finish the following chart: At he first sight of Tony, Claire was ___________. When Tony offered to help her dressing, Claire ____________. Tony began to______________ win Claires trust alarmed felt embarrassed
24 The robot Tony helped Claire to realize her dreams by : Making her home elegant. Giving her a new haircut and changing the makeup she wore. Giving her advice on her dresses.
25 In groups, list Tonys characteristics that were similar to those of a human being and different from those of a human being. Characteris tics Physical Mental Emotional SimilarDifferent Reading IV-discussion (10m)
26 Character istics SimilarDifferent Physical (1)Looks like__________ _____. (2)Body and skin are_____. (3)Hair and fingernails____ _________. (4)Voice like__________. (1)Facial expressions_ ___________. (2)_________ ___________ __ (She fell off a ladder and even though Tony was in the next room, he managed to catch her in time) a human being warm realistic a humans never change Quicker reactions
27 Character istics Similar Different Mental Able to ______________ and predictions. Able to ___________and follow it through. Has good ______________ skills Behaviour not_______ ______ (Tony asked Claire whether she needed help dressing) make suggestions make a plan communication appropriate
28 Character istics Similar Different Emotional Can show __________ for Claire and can give ___________ to her. sympathy encouragement
29 1.Which law is the story Satisfaction Guaranteed based on ? 2.What might happen in a world where there were robots if Asimovs three laws did not exist. Discussion: After reading (5m)
30 Assignment Remember the characteristics of science fiction. Surf the Internet to learn more about robots and science fictions. Surf the Internet to learn about Isaac Asimov.
34 The keys to the ex. 1 1.pleasure 2.win 3.away 4.pity 5.terrible satisfaction victory absent sympathy awful Checking answer – I (2m)
35 6.go away 7.wish 8.call 9.looked at 10.ridiculous leave her alone desire ring me up scanned absurd
36 The keys to ex. 2 : 1.test out 2.painting 3.accompany 4.curtains/cushions 5.cushions/curtains 6.envy 7.embarrassing 8.alarm 9.turn around 10.declared Checking answer – II (5m)
37 1.Kids get embarrassed if their Mums kiss them in front of their friends. 2.We were amazed to learn that she had left the hospital 18 million pounds. 3.I was highly amused to see that his great mind had overlooked one little detail. The keys to ex.3: Checking answer – III ( 3m )
38 4. His exam results were great ----we were all very pleasantly surprised. 5.I was very impressed by the efficiency of the staff. 6. Toms teacher was pleased with his progress.
40. Revise the Passive Voice the active voice (the passive voice).. Everyone enjoys exciting sports. Exciting sports are enjoyed by everyone.( )
41 :( )S+V+O S(O)+V(be+ V -ed)+ by+O(S) Miss Li is teaching music now. Music is being taught ( by Miss Li) now.
42 am/is/are given was/were given shall/will be given. am/is/are being given has/have been given was/were being given had been given shall/will have been given
43 1.English is spoken all over the world. 2.The water is being turned into vapour. 3.Those rooms have not been cleaned yet. 4.He was seen to enter the room. 5.At that time they were being shown how to run the machine. 6.Radios had just been invented then, and people were talking about sending pictures by electricity. 7.Madame Curie will always be remembered as the discoverer of the element radium. 8.Before you come back, the building will have been finished.
45 Eg. He ordered the bridge to be built within the month..( ) She was glad to have been given so much help.,.( )
46. to doto be doingto have done to be done to have been done
47 (1)The meeting to be held is of great importance. (2)The bridge to be built next year is just between the one built last year and the one being built now. (3)This house seems to have been built by a good architect. More examples:
48 believe, suppose, say, report. They say that Mike is sick in bed. It is said that Mike is sick in bed. Mike is said to be sick in bed..
49 People believe that he was killed. It is believed that he was killed. He is believed to have been killed..
50 : 1.To fetch water before breakfast seemed to be a rule ________. A.to never break B. never to be broken C. never to have broken D. never to be breaking 2. The tools in the workshop are not allowed ______. A. taking out B. to take out C. to be taken out D. being taken out B C
51 3.The dam _____ by the year 2010, will benefit the whole country. A.being completed B. to complete C. completed D. to be completed 4.Here we found little snow, as most of it seemed _____ blown off the mountain. A.to have been B. to be C. that it was D. that it had been D A
52 5.He said such a thing ought ____ to happen. A.to be not allowed B. not to be allowing C. not to have allowed D. not to be allowed 6.She told me that her proposal needed _____ into consideration. A.to take B. to be taken C. to be taking D. to have taken D B
53 7. The local health organization is reported ______ twenty-five years ago when Dr. Adudon became its first president. A.to be set up B. being set up C. to have been set up D. having been set up 8. Large sums of money ____ each year in painting the steelwork of bridges, ships, and other exposed structures. A.have spent B. have to be spent C. have to spend D. spend C B
54 : 1.The flu is believed _____ by viruses that like to reproduce in the cells inside the human nose and throat. (2004 ) A.causing B. being caused C. to be caused D. be have caused 2.The news reporters hurried to the airport, only ____ the film stars had left. (2004 ) A.to tell B. to be told C. telling D. told C B
55 3. Little Jim should love _____ to the theatre this evening.(1992 ) A.To be taken B. to take C. being taken D. taking 4.The chair looks rather hard, but in fact, it is very comfortable to _____.(1988 ) A. sit B. sit on C. be sat D. be sat on A B
56 Assignment Go over key words and expressions. Go over the grammar. Do ex. 3 on Page 56.
60 Skimming: Glance through the passage and then find out the answers to such questions: 1.Which paragraph tells you when and where Asimov was born and died? 2.Which paragraph tells you about his education? 3.Which paragraph tells you about awards he received?
61 1.Which paragraph tells you when and where Asimov was born and died? 2.Which paragraph tells you about his education? Para.2 Para.3 3.Which paragraph tells you about awards he received? Para.5
62 Scanning : Read through the text and then find out the answers to the following questions: 1.What subject did Asimov teach? 2.When did he start having stories published? 3.How many children did he have?
63 1.What subject did Asimov teach? 2.When did he start having stories published? 3.How many children did he have? He taught biochemistry. In 1939. Two children, a son and a daughter.
64 1939 _____ 1942 1942- 1945 _____ ___________________________ __________________________. Bean having stories published in science fiction magazine Gained Masters degree in chemistry. Finished working in candy store. ________________________. Got married ______________________________ ____________________________. Worked as junior chemist, Philadelphia Navy Yard Got PhD in chemistry. 1941 1948 Detailed reading: Fill the following blanks:
65 _____ 1950 1951- 1953 _____ Became a biochemistry teacher, Boston University School of Medicine. Published his first novel.______________________. Developed three laws for robots. Published I, Robot Published The Foundation Trilogy and won an award for it. Published first science book. Became a full-time writer. 1949 1953 1958
66 1973 _____ 1992 Divorced his first wife. ____________________________. Had a blood transfusion. Became infected with HIV. ___________________________. Married for a second wife 1983 Died in New York
67 Asimovs Laws For Robots First Law : A robot must not injure human beings or allow them to be injured. Second Law : A robot must obey the orders given to it by human beings (as long as human being are not injured ). Third Law : A robot must protect its own existence (as long as human beings are not injured; and as long as the robot does not disobey the human beings).
68 1.Which law is the story Satisfaction Guaranteed based on ? 2.What might happen in a world where there were robots if Asimovs three laws did not exist. Discussion:
69 Assignment Finish the Reading Task in the workbook.
72 What do you think of the story Satisfaction Guaranteed? (1)Do you like the story? Why? (2)Do you think human will be able to make a robot like Tony? (3)Do you like a robot like Tony at her house? 1.Discussion:
73 2. Listen to a conversation between Molly and Kate, who are discussing the story Satisfaction Guaranteed, then tick the correct boxes. 1. Who really likes the story? 2. Who thinks that Claire loved Tony? 3. Who thinks that Tony loved Claire? Molly Kate
74 4.Who thinks that the purpose of Tonys actions was to make Claire feel good about herself. 5.Who thinks that humans will never be able to make a robot like Tony? 6.Who would really like a robot like Tony at her house? Molly Kate
75 3.Listen again and answer the questions: 1.What does Kate think the difference between robots and humans is? 2.How does think Claire was hurting herself? 3.Why would one of the girls like a robot like Tony living at her house? 4.What is the joke that Kate makes? 5.What does Kate think the companys biggest mistakes was?
76 1.What does Kate think the difference between robots and humans is? Robots cant______________________. 2.How does think Claire was hurting herself? By seeing herself in a _________way. 3.Why would one of the girls like a robot like Tony living at her house? She likes the idea of a handsome man whose only purpose was ________________. negative feel emotion of any kind to please her
77 4.What is the joke that Kate makes? 5.What does Kate think the companys biggest mistakes was? The joke is that Tony is _________________________________. Making the robot ______________________________. really a man pretending to be a robot look so much like a real man
78 4. Listen again and then fill in the following sentences. (1)I dont ___________ robots can possibly feel emotion of any kind. (2)I __________________ Tony loved Claire. (3)I _______________ I just want to think he was more human than he was. think/believe think/suppose/guess/ believe suppose/guess
79 (4)I ______ how they could actually make a robot seem as if he had emotions. (5)_______ Tony was just a very complicated computer. (6)I _________________ that Tony was really a man pretending to be a robot. (7)I _________________________ that was the companys biggest mistake. wonder Maybe think/guess/believe think/suppose/guess/believe
80 Speaking 1. 2. 3. 4. The expressions about supposition and belief: I think/ I suppose / I guess/ I wonder I believe Maybe…
81 Imagine it is sometime in the future and people have robots in their houses to do the housework. Divide the students into two big groups, group A and group B. Group A will have the task to discuss the question: What do you think the positive effects of this situation? Group B will have to discuss the question: What do you think the negative effects of this situation?
82 And each big group can be divided into groups of four. During discussion, please use words in the above form. In the end, each big group choose two students to present their ideas to the whole class, and the other group mates can add his or her points.
83 Assignment Finish exercises in the workbook.
86 What can a robot do? do the cleaning do some shopping play basketball with human being take care of children act as a policeman as a seller cook some things …
87 Writing Imagine you are engineers in a company that makes robots and you have been asked to design a new type of robot. Your robot can be used : (1)In the home (2) In a workplace (3)In the street (4)In the natural environment (5)In space or anywhere else
88 You are divided into groups of four to design your robot. You can follow the steps as below: 1.Decide the purpose of the robot. 2. Make a list of the abilities the robot has. 3.Draw a picture on a piece of paper and name its parts and explain what each part does. 4.Write a paragraph describing the robot and what it can do.
89 Tips on designing your robots: For each robot that you build, you will have to choose options for six major robot characteristics. These are: 1.Looks: What does the robot look like? Is there a reason for it to look as it does? 2.Sensing: How does the robot know or figure out whats in its environment?
90 3. Movement: How does the robot move within its environment? 4.Manipulation: How does the robot move or manipulate other objects within its environment? 5.Energy: How is the robot powered? Can it have more than one energy source? 6.Intelligence: How does the robot think?
92 A sample writing: The rubbish collector The rubbish collector is a robot about half the size of a small car. Its body is square and contains a large rubbish bin inside it. It has a camera attached to the top front of its body. Also at the front is a pair of arms. Underneath it has four wheels and six legs. With the camera it can see rubbish such as paper, glass, and plastic. If the surface of the ground is smooth, it runs on its wheels, and if the ground is rough, it unfolds its legs and walks.
93 When it sees a piece of rubbish, it stops and uses its arms to pick it up and put it in its rubbish bin. However, when it sees a person, an animal or a plant, it goes around it as it is able to recognize when something is not a piece of rubbish. The company should make this robot as it would be very popular with schools. It would clean the outside grounds of the school and so give the students more time to spend on their studies. It would also be a great advantage to have at sports grounds or any other area where rubbish is dropped by the public.
94 Homework Let the students finish their composition after class and exchange the compositions with the desk mates, then correct the mistakes for each other.
96 Language points for Reading I Video data 101-115
97 1.desire v. (1) ; ( ):desire to do sth. (2) :desire sth. (3) desire that…do\should do; desire sb. to do sth. I desire _____________________ of yours. an immediate answer ___________________________________ We desire to have a good result. _____________________________ Please desire him to come in.
98 They desire___________________________ that you should come at once. n.(1) ; (2) (3) ; (4). He has_________________________________. a strong desire for knowledge / to learn meet ones desire have\feel a great desire for at ones desire
99 2.satisfaction n. ( opp. dissatisfaction) 1) ; ; (at; with) 2). I heard the news_________________________. with great/ much satisfaction satisfy vt. satisfied adj. satisfying adj. satisfactory adj. ; ;
100 express ones satisfaction at/ with find satisfaction in to sbs satisfaction/ to the satisfaction of sb. with satisfaction … …
101 3.alarm n.. _____________________________ The fire caused much alarm. give/raise/sound the alarm take (the) alarm at a fire alarm a false alarm air alarm water level alarm ; … ; …
102 vt. Dont alarm yourself. be alarmed at (the news). be alarmed for (the safety of …) … : 1. A small boy saw the smoke and _________________( ). 2.________________________( ) the news that war might break out. raised the alarm Everybody was alarmed at
103 4. smooth adj. /. ______________________ vt. …. The way is now smooth.. _________________________________ Smooth this dress with a hot iron. smoothly adv. ;. _______________________ Everything went smoothly.
104 5.embarrass vt.: to cause to feel ashamed, uncomfortable or anxious. The decline of sales____________________. embarrassed the company be/ feel embarrassed in the presence of strangers embarrass sb. with sth./ by doing sth. … / / Dont_______________________ (by asking) personal questions. embarrass them with
105 embarrassed adj.. _________________by his comments about my clothes. embarrassing adj. What has been your_____________________________? I was embarrassed most embarrassing moment
106 6.sympathy n. express sympathy for feel sympathy for, have sympathy for in sympathy with …
107 7.turn around ;,. _____________________________________ All of a sudden he turned around/about and saw me. turn about turn against turn away turn off turn on turn out ( )
108 8.declare vt. 1)declare +n. They will declare the results of the election soon.. _______________________________ ______ 2)declare+n.+(to be) n./ adj. … … The judge declared him (to be) the winner of the competition.. _____________________________________ ________
109 I declared this conference (to be) open.. ___________________________________ 3)declare +(that) She declared (that) she was right.. _______________________________ declare war on/ upon … declare against declare for (in favour of)
110 9.envy vt. & n. 1)envy+sb.(for sth.) 2)envy sb. sth. / How I envy you! __________________ They envied us for our success.. ___________________________ envy sb. doing sth. be in envy of ones success envy at/ of sth. /
111 10.leave…alone …. _____________________ Leave my book alone.. _________________________ Let me alone to do it. leave behind ; ; leave out ; ;