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RTU S900 April 2000. S900 Remote Terminal Unit S900 RTU S900.

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Presentation on theme: "RTU S900 April 2000. S900 Remote Terminal Unit S900 RTU S900."— Presentation transcript:

1 RTU S900 April 2000

2 S900 Remote Terminal Unit S900 RTU S900

3

4 OBJECTGENERALARCHITECTURE FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION CONFIGURATION HARDWARE DESIGN FEATURES TOOLSOBJECTGENERALARCHITECTURE FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION CONFIGURATION HARDWARE DESIGN FEATURES TOOLS RTU S900

5 GENERALGENERAL

6 Transmission and distribution applications Medium to large systems Generation (local control - data logging) Digital control command for substations RTU S900 MARKETS

7 SCADA Local control Data logging Process control (programmable logic) RTU S900 MAIN FUNCTIONS

8 Powerful Distributed architecture (hardware and software) Open ended Compliance with international standards Modularity Flexibility (hardware is customised through software) Low power consumption RTU S900 MAIN FEATURES

9 TECHNOLOGYTECHNOLOGY RTU S900

10 68020 Microprocessors in each CPU VME bus FIP Field Bus Real time Multitask Operating System : VRTX32 Data Base Management using ORACLE Performing automatic controls based on ISaGRAF Generalisation of Personal Computer for customer's tools RTU S900 MAIN TECHNOLOGY CHOICES

11 SYSTEMARCHITECTURESYSTEMARCHITECTURE RTU S900

12 S 900 Main Rack RTU S900 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

13 S 900 Field Bus FIP Distributed Racks Main Rack RTU S900

14 S 900 Field Bus FIP Distributed Racks Substation Main Rack IEDs RTU S900

15 S 900 Field Bus FIP Distributed Racks Substation Control centre 1 Main Rack IEDs RTU S900

16 S 900 Control centre 2 Field Bus FIP Distributed Racks Substation Control centre 1 Main Rack IEDs RTU S900

17 S 900 Data Base Generation Graphical Control Local Control centre 2 Field Bus FIP Distributed Racks Substation Control centre 1 Main Rack IEDs RTU S900

18 Data logging Alphanumeric. Control S 900 Data Base Generation Graphical Control Local Control centre 2 Field Bus FIP Distributed Racks Substation Control centre 1 Main Rack IEDs RTU S900

19 Data logging Alphanumeric. Control S 900 Data Base Generation Graphical Control Local Control centre 2 Field Bus FIP Distributed Racks Substation Control centre 1 Main Rack IEDs External Clock RTU S900

20 INTERNALARCHITECTUREINTERNALARCHITECTURE

21 VME BUS Secondary or Distributed rack Main rack Field BUS CPU + FIP Interface Power supply CPU + FIP Interface Power supply FIP RTU S900 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

22 VME BUS Secondary or Distributed rack Main rack CPU + FIP Interface Power supply CPU + FIP Interface Power supply I/O Field BUS FIP RTU S900

23 Serial Async Unit Serial Async Unit VME BUS Secondary or Distributed rack Main rack CPU + FIP Interface Power supply CPU + FIP Interface Power supply I/O Serial Async Unit Clock Data logging Local control CONTROL CENTRES External Modem IEDs Serial Async Unit Field BUS FIP RTU S900

24 FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION REMOTE CONTROL PROTECTION SUPERVISION FIP NETWORK DATA CAPTURE SEQUENCE AUTOMATION LOCAL CONTROL TIME SYNCHRONIZATION FAULT PROCESSING FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION REMOTE CONTROL PROTECTION SUPERVISION FIP NETWORK DATA CAPTURE SEQUENCE AUTOMATION LOCAL CONTROL TIME SYNCHRONIZATION FAULT PROCESSING RTU S900

25 REMOTECONTROLREMOTECONTROL

26 Remote control (SCADA) S900 RTU With one, two or three control centres Two links with CC can be duplicated Internal or external MODEMS Half or full duplex Point-to-point or multidrop Multi-Protocol capability IEC DNP 3 HNZ Private protocol / consult us RTU S900 REMOTE CONTROL

27 PROTECTIONSUPERVISIONPROTECTIONSUPERVISION RTU S900

28 OPN A9311 F+- F+- G E C A L S T H O M T&D G E C A L S T H O M T&D OPN A9311 F+- F+- F+- Modbus link to MODN/MiCOM Pxxx KITZ 101/201 Kbus link to K relays/EPAC/MiCOM Pxxx IEC (VDEW) link to IEDs To SAU 900 SAU 900 board Optical star (optional) G E C A L S T H O M T&D G E C A L S T H O M T&D Kbus link to K relays/EPAC/MiCOM Pxxx FIP Field Bus Main Substation rack Secondary Substation racks RS232/485 converter RTU S900 PROTECTIONS OR IEDs SUPERVISION

29 Communicate Protocols forward IEDs or Relays –IEC (VDEW) Maximum distance = 1.4 km –IEC Maximum distance = 100 m Maximum distance > 10 km with external modem –Modbus standard Maximum distance = 1.2 km –Modbus with transmission of time-tagged events Maximum distance = 1.2 km –K-Bus Courier through external KITZ101/201 Maximum distance = 1 km RTU S900 PROTOCOLS

30 Up to 256 devices (numerical protections or IEDs) Up to 32 devices per subnetwork Up to 32 subnetworks per RTU Up to baud per serial link (SAS900 and SAU900) Up to baud for the serial link velocity summation (*) Several protocols managed in the same time Signalling (RS), Controls (RC), Measurements (RM) Numerical protections synchronised by the RTU (*) per rack RTU S900 CAPACITY

31 S900 main rack KITZ 201 Modem RS232 Remote Engineer Substation Setting change Configuration Disturbance Event record measurement Local Engineer Substation Setting change Configuration Disturbance Event record measurement To SCADA With K-Bus Courier compatible devices K-Bus Address G E C A L S T H O M T&D G E C A L S T H O M T&D G E C A L S T H O M T&D RTU S900 PROTECTION SETTING FAULT ANALYSE

32 G E C A L S T H O M T&D G E C A L S T H O M T&D G E C A L S T H O M T&D S900 main rack Modem RS232 Remote or Local Engineer Substation Setting change Configuration Disturbance Event record measurement To SCADA With VDEW compatible devices K-Bus Address RTU S900 PROTECTION SETTING FAULT ANALYSE

33 FIP BUS RTU S900

34 Lmax = 1km l1 l2 Main rack Secondary racks 31 secondary racks at the maximum Data rate = 1 Mbits/s Electrical network 2 m < l1 < 10 m l2 > 4m RTU S900 FIP BUS (1)

35 Lmax = 1km l1 l2 Main rack Secondary racks T T T Transmitter Secondary racks Secondary racks Secondary racks Lmax = 4 km 31 secondary racks at the maximum Data rate = 1 Mbits/s Electrical network 2 m < l1 < 10 m l2 > 4m RTU S900 FIP BUS (2)

36 Lmax = 1km l1 l2 Main rack Secondary racks C C T Transmitter Secondary racks Secondary racks Lmax = 5.6 km Electrical optical converter Optical Lmax = 1.6 km 31 secondary racks at the maximum Data rate = 1 Mbits/s Mixed network (electrical / optical) 2 m < l1 < 10 m l2 > 4m RTU S900 FIP BUS (3)

37 DATACAPTUREDATACAPTURE RTU S900

38 Digital inputs (signals) Digital outputs (controls) Analog measurements Digital measurements Analog setpoints Digital setpoints Pulse counting (meters) Tap changer positions Internal and Grouped signals Bay and Substations RTU S900 PROCESSED ENTITIES

39 TYPES –Single, Double –Normal, Reverse –Transient FILTERING –State changes –Complementary faults (short & long) –Fleeting points SENDING OUT –Communication –Archives, Logging –Activation of an alarm loop RTU S900 DIGITAL INPUTS (SIGNALS)

40 TYPES –Single, Double –Transient, Continuous FILTERING –Non existence in Data Base –Bay or Substation under local control –Control of activity from originator EXECUTION –Hardware check –Direct execution –Select Before Operate RTU S900 DIGITAL OUTPUTS (CONTROLS)

41 ANALOGUES –Current, Voltage –Software correction of offset, gain and linearity DIGITALS –16 or 32 bits –BCD, Binary, Gray and 1-among-N acquisition TREATMENTS –Threshold violation, dead band, overflow –Scaling (linear or quadratic) –Communication (cyclic, state change) –Archives, Logging, alarm loop RTU S900 MEASUREMENTS

42 ANALOGUES –Current DIGITALS –16 or 32 bits –BCD, Binary, Gray and 1-among-N acquisition FILTERING –Non existence in Data Base –Bay or Substation under local control –Control of activity from originator EXECUTION –Hardware check –Stepless transmission or linear execution RTU S900 SETPOINTS

43 TYPES –Single –Double (use of a complemented input) FILTERING –Confirmation of pulse change –Complementary faults for double counting TREATMENTS –Storing timing cumulative periods –Forcing to a preset value –Freeze from Control Centre –Communication –Scaling, Local reports RTU S900 COUNTINGS

44 TYPES –16 or 32 bits –BCD, 1-among-N and decimal- coded acquisition TREATMENTS –Use of one tap transition position or not –Checking if the Tap Changer has varied by more than 1 position –Communication –Archive, Logging RTU S900 TAP CHANGER POSITION

45 INTERNAL SIGNALS –Images of system faults –Images of internal status –Images of logic states GROUPED SIGNALS –Logical "OR" of : Signals Other grouped signals Internal signals RTU S900 INTERNAL AND GROUPED SIGNAL

46 A RTU CAN MANAGE –4 SUBSTATIONS –64 BAYS SUBSTATION –May be on local or remote control BAY –May be on local or remote control –A printer may be assigned to a bay under local control RTU S900 BAYS AND SUBSTATIONS

47 4 032 Signals Controls 480 Analog inputs 60 Analog setpoints 144 Counters 51 Digital setpoints 51 Digital measurements 51 Tap changer positions Capacity including data from –Dedicated input and output modules –Input and output coming through serial links –Internal input and output calculations (PLC programs) RTU S900 INPUT/OUTPUT CAPACITY

48 Signals - User settable –1 ms –2 ms –5 ms –10 ms Measurement - User settable –1 second for 96 analog inputs RTU S900 TIME TAGGING & SCANNING

49 SEQUENCEAUTOMATIONSEQUENCEAUTOMATION RTU S900

50 Interlocking Load shedding Energy management VAR compensation Tripping Auto-recloser Switching sequences Busbar transfer Switchgears control Alarms RTU S900 FUNCTIONS

51 Software logic interface –ISaGRAF five defined IEC languages –SFC Sequential Function Chart –FBD Function Block Diagram –LD Ladder Diagram –ST Structured Text –IL Instruction List RTU S900 PLC PROGRAMMATION

52 User programmable Centralised automatic functions in the main rack Distributed automatic functions in the secondary racks Cycle : Settable from 10 ms RTU S900 PERFORMANCES

53 LOCALCONTROLLOCALCONTROL RTU S900

54 Events (RS,RM,RCT,TP,RC,SP) Faults (communication and hardware) Pulses counting Sorting criteria Sending archives to control centre Possibility to freeze archives from control centre Sequence of events RTU S900 DATA ARCHIVES

55 Events file 2000 Faults file200 Accumulator freeze144 (all counters) RTU S900 DATA ARCHIVES

56 Possibility to connect up to 2 printers and 1 VDU User friendly MMI on VDU Printing of : –Status changes (all entities) –Threshold violation –Non validity (entities and couplers) Reports of : –Entities –System faults –Sorting criteria RTU S900 DATA LOGGING

57 First possibility: –Connection to an alphanumeric terminal : status of system commands controls maintenance information Second possibility: –Connection of a personal computer with graphic representation of the substation (Procett 5000W) RTU S900 LOCAL CONTROL

58 The RTU S900 can be associated to a graphic substation control point: –Local graphic Human Machine Interface for electrical substations –Real-time multitasking PC- based product –Advanced HMI in WINDOWS environment –Autonomy of the user (database, graphics) –Software & hardware modularity RTU S900 GRAPHIC SUBSTATION CONTROL POINT

59 TIMESYNCHRONISATIONTIMESYNCHRONISATION RTU S900

60 Several possibilities for the time synchronisation of MiCOM S100 –By the SCADA –By the Local Control Station (serial link) –By the RTU (serial link) –Each equipment The main rack synchronises the secondary racks by FIP-bus –Accuracy: s The RTU synchronises the numerical protections –Accuracy: up to 1 ms The Substation Local Control synchronises the RTU –Accuracy: 3 ms OPN A9311 F+- F+- F+- GPS/Others Numerical protections Local Control RTU main rack RTU secondary racks SCADA RTU S900 SYNCHRONISATION

61 FAULT PROCESSING & MAINTENANCE FAULT PROCESSING & MAINTENANCE RTU S900

62 Main faults detected are: –Coupler faults (main and secondary racks) –IEDs faults (communication or internal failure) –Remote control fault (communication) –Synchronisation fault –Printer faults Complete and permanent control Faults archiving RTU S900 FAULT PROCESSING

63 LEDs on CPU module On local maintenance station On remote maintenance station On SCADA On sound alarms On printer RTU S900 FAULT SIGNALLING

64 CONFIGURATIONCONFIGURATION RTU S900

65 OPN A9311 F+- F+- F+- PROCETT 5000W Remote control station FIP BUS OPN A9311 F+- F+- F+- IED s Distance or local link Direct link between S900 and SCADA (Procett 5000W) Local control station Capacity Up to 32 racks Up to 32 racks Up to 5000 I/Os Up to 5000 I/OsCapacity Up to 32 racks Up to 32 racks Up to 5000 I/Os Up to 5000 I/Os RTU S900 CONFIGURATION (1)

66 OPN A9311 F+- F+- F+- F+- F+- F+- FIP BUS PROCETT 5000W Remote control station IED s Distance or local link S900 Concentrator With a S900 in concentrator Local control station S900 Sub-RTU n°1 S900 Sub-RTU n°2 Local control station Capacity Up to 9 Sub-RTU Up to 9 Sub-RTU Up to 32 racks per Sub-RTU Up to 32 racks per Sub-RTU Up to 5000 I/Os Up to 5000 I/OsCapacity Up to 9 Sub-RTU Up to 9 Sub-RTU Up to 32 racks per Sub-RTU Up to 32 racks per Sub-RTU Up to 5000 I/Os Up to 5000 I/Os RTU S900 CONFIGURATION (2)

67 PROCETT 5000W Remote control station OPN A9311 F+- F+- F+- IED s ITE29 FIP BUS Distance or local link With a concentrator ITE29 Local control station Local control station Capacity Up to 8 RTU Up to 8 RTU Up to 32 racks per RTU Up to 32 racks per RTU Up to I/Os Up to I/OsCapacity Up to 8 RTU Up to 8 RTU Up to 32 racks per RTU Up to 32 racks per RTU Up to I/Os Up to I/Os S900 RTU n°2 S900 RTU n°3 S900 RTU n°1 RTU S900 CONFIGURATION (3)

68 HARDWAREDESIGNFEATUREHARDWAREDESIGNFEATURE RTU S900

69 21 slots available per rack Up to 32 racks Communication links on the front face RTU S900 S900 Remote Terminal Unit

70 Connection through rear panel DIN connectors Female connector (96 points DIN to solder) RTU S900

71 PCU 900- Power Converter Unit –24Vdc:±20% (PCU910) –48/60Vdc:±20% (PCU900) –110/125Vdc:±20% (PCU920) –220Vdc:±20% (PCU930) –250Vdc:-20%,+10% (PCU930) Output voltage supplied: +5V and ±12V for the VME bus Switched and fused protected Module width: two slots RTU S900

72 CPU 930- Main CPU Module –32-bit microprocessor –Clock frequency: 33 MHz –8 MB static RAM with lithium battery backup –Real-time clock –Lithium battery backed-up clock/calendar –Watchdog timer with automatic restart + alarm loop –Six signal loops –Eight front-panel status lamps –Module width: one slot RTU S900

73 SAU 900- Serial Asynchronous Unit –Four isolated V.24/V.28 serial asynchronous links –Baud rate from 50 to baud per channel –Insulation between interface circuit and ground: 1.4kV peak at 50Hz –Four front-panel 9-pin CANNON connectors –Module width: one slot RTU S900

74 FBS 910- FIP bus communication unit –VLSI FULLFIP chip –FIPLD1 medium driver (twister pair) –Line insulation: 2.1kV peak at 50Hz –Line speed: 1Mbit/s –Front-panel 9-pin connector –Module width: plugged on CPU 900 RTU S900

75 DAU 900- Digital Acquisition unit –48 opto-isolated digital inputs –24Vdc, 48/60Vdc, 110/125Vdc, 220/250Vdc –Dielectric insulation: 2.8kV peak at 50Hz –One common point for eight inputs –Input voltage 24 Vdc (DAU901): 10 mA 48 Vdc (DAU900): 5 mA 60 Vdc (DAU904): 3 mA 110/125 Vdc (DAU902): 3 mA 220/250 Vdc (DAU903): 2 mA –Module width: one slot RTU S900

76 DOU 900- Digital Output unit –32 digital relay outputs –One common for two points –Dielectric insulation: 2.8kV peak at 50Hz –Watchdog timer –Output control chain self-monitored –Relays de-energised on fault condition –Breaking capacity: 2A-250V- 250VA/600W –Three modes for execute command Remote Select Before Operate Local Select Before Operate Immediate operate –Module width: one slot RTU S900

77 DOU 920- Digital Command Output unit –12 digital relay outputs –2 No contacts per relays –2 groups with 1 common for 4 relays –2 groups with 1 common for 2 relays –Dielectric insulation: 2.8kV peak at 50Hz –Watchdog timer –Output control chain self-monitored –Relays de-energised on fault condition –Making capacity: 1000W(VA) at L/R=40ms –Breaking capacity: 0.2A-250Vdc at L/R=40ms, 230Vac with cos  =0.4 –Overload: 30A/0.5s –Module width: one slot RTU S900

78 ACU 900- Analog to digital converter unit –12-bit A/D Converter (11 bits + sign) –Conversion rate: 120 samples/second –Common-mode rejection ratio: 99dB at 50Hz –Accuracy including AAU: better than 0.1% (voltage), 0.2% (current) at 25° (full scale) –Temperature coefficient: 30ppm/°C –Module width: one slot RTU S900

79 AAU 900- Analog Acquisition unit –24 multiplexed analog inputs –Input ranges: ±5/10/20mA; 4- 20mA; ±1.25/2/5V –Series-mode rejection ratio: 36dB at 50Hz –Insulation voltage: 2.8kV peak at 50Hz in common mode –Input impedance: 5mA-1000 Ohms; 10mA-500 Ohms; 20mA- 250 Ohms –Module width: one slot RTU S900

80 AOU 900- Analog Output Unit –Six analog outputs –Output ranges: ±5/10/20mA –Resolution: 11 bit + sign –Accuracy: better than 0.2% at 25°C (full scale) –Insulation voltage: 2.8kV peak at 50Hz in common mode –Output impedance: greater than 1 MOhms –Load impedance: 5mA-6000 Ohms; 10mA-3000 Ohms; 20mA-1500 Ohms –Module width: one slot RTU S900

81 Influence of temperature –cold, temperature = 0°CIEC –dry, heat, temperature = 60°CIEC –Damp heat, steady stateIEC –temperature = 40°C, relative humidity = 95%, duration = 4 days –Rapid variation temperatureEC –variation speed = 20°C/h, limits of temperature: 0°C to 60°C –Salt mist 4 daysIEC Mechanical conditions : –Sinusoidal vibrationIEC –frequency range: Hz, amplitude: 10/57Hz = ±0.035mm –acceleration: 57 to 500Hz = ± 0.5g, duration = 10 cycles RTU S900 OPERATING CONDITIONS

82 Electrical security conditions : –Insulation resistanceIEC voltage = 500V, duration = 1minute, resistance > 100MW –Dielectric withstandIEC voltage : 2kV (50Hz) for I/Os voltage : 1.5kV (50Hz) for FIP link voltage : 1kV (50Hz) for asynchronous link –Impulse voltage withstandIEC impulse waveform: 1.2ms/50ms voltage : 5kV (CM) for digital input/output voltage : 2kV (CM) for analog input/output voltage : 3kV (CM) for power supply and FIP RTU S900 OPERATING CONDITIONS

83 Immunity test magnetic disturbance IEC : –30 A/m 50/60 Hz Electrostatic discharge immunity IEC : –Up to 8 kV for air discharge –Up to 6 kV for contact discharge Electromagnetic perturbation immunity IEC –10 V/m for frequency range 26 to 1000 MHz Immunity tests transients and high-frequency conducted disturbances –Surge susceptibility test IEC voltage : 2 kV (CM) for I/O voltage : 1kV (CM) for serial link –Electrical fast transient/burst susceptibility test voltage : 2 kV peak voltage –Oscillatory waves susceptibility tests voltage : 2.5 kV (CM), 1 kV (MD) peak voltage RTU S900 OPERATING CONDITIONS

84 TOOLSTOOLS RTU S900

85 Using a Pentium personal computer Using relational environment (ORACLE) High flexibility User friendly Man Machine Interface Import/export of data from/to control centre Automatic generation of files to be loaded RTU S900 DATABASE GENERATION

86 RTU S900 DATABASE GENERATION

87 RTU S900 DATABASE GENERATION

88 RTU S900 DATABASE GENERATION

89 Using a Pentium personal computer Using a software logic interface (ISaGRAF) Performing tool with –Editor –Compiler –Debugger –Simulator –Automatic documentation –Library elements The five defined IEC Languages RTU S900 AUTOMATIC GENERATION

90 SFC Language Sequential Function RTU S900 AUTOMATIC GENERATION

91 FDB Function Block Diagram RTU S900 AUTOMATIC GENERATION

92 LD Ladder Diagram RTU S900 AUTOMATIC GENERATION

93 ST Structured Text RTU S900 AUTOMATIC GENERATION

94 Using a Pentium personal computer Using a software logic interface (ILOG) Performing tool with –Professional editor –Automatic link with database elements –Automatic documentation –Library elements RTU S900 GRAPHICAL EDITOR (LOCAL HMI)

95 Database & graphics management –Creation/modification tools provided with equipment –Easy to use (no software specialists required) RTU S900 GRAPHICAL EDITOR (LOCAL HMI)

96 Using a Pentium personal computer User friendly Man Machine Interface Possibility to use RTU Data Base Display of Communication messages in : –HEXADECIMAL, –ASCII, –Database LABELS User programmable scripts RTU S900 CONTROL CENTRE SIMULATOR

97 RTU S900 CONTROL CENTRE SIMULATOR

98 RTU S900 CONTROL CENTRE SIMULATOR

99 SIMULATION OF THE SUBTATION SIDE OF RTU 48 KEYS FOR DIGITAL INPUTS 32 LED TO DISPLAY DIGITAL OUTPUT STATE SELECTION OF 1 ANALOG INPUT THROUGH 24 OUTPUT OF 6 ANALOG SETPOINT 1 ADJUSTABLE PULSE GENERATOR INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL POWER SUPPLY RTU S900 INPUTS OUTPUTS SIMULATOR

100 RTU S900

101


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