Presentation on theme: "Clarifying Click to continue for each slide…. Required Skills Identifying selections of text that are unclear Determining prior knowledge concerning."— Presentation transcript:
Clarifying Click to continue for each slide…
Required Skills Identifying selections of text that are unclear Determining prior knowledge concerning unclear text Choosing and utilizing one or more fix-up strategies to clarify meaning Reread slower or aloud Read ahead or back Study word parts Analyze denotations of words Examine text features Ask specific questions to determine answers to unclear text Create additional strategies
Strategies Each strategy is fully explained with examples. Make sure each strategy is modeled before having students complete on their own. It is recommended after modeling a strategy, students practice with a partner before attempting it independently.
Fix Up Strategies All strategies should be taught to be used and applied in all content areas. Students must be encouraged to attempt a variety of Fix Up Strategies until they find the best one that works for them.
Fix Up Strategies to Activate Prior Knowledge: Teachers must develop thought provoking questions to generate thinking about what has been read. Ask- “What do I already know about this topic?”
Fix Up Strategies for Clarifying Words: Reread the sentence at a slower pace Reread the sentence aloud Check for word parts (affixes, word roots, syllables) that are recognizable Ask for assistance Cross reference key words or concepts in the glossary or dictionary
Fix Up Strategies for Clarifying Confusing Ideas: Check visuals and text features Reread the challenging text at a slower pace Review information from earlier in the text Look forward in the text to locate information Summarize earlier information from the text
Point of View Guide Point of View Guides assist students to process material deeply and to encourage mental recitation. The students process the information by adding their own facts as they are reading and transcribing the material through their own words. There are multiple types of guides for students to use before, during, and after reading.
Clarifying Prompts Prompts can be used before, during, and after reading I had trouble pronouncing… I don’t know what _________ means I don’t understand… It doesn’t make sense… I am confused by… I am confused because… I am not sure…
Annotating Text As students read a text, have them annotate or mark the text by identifying questions they have. They may question a selection that is confusing, why an author used a particular word, why an author used a certain example, or why a person or character commits different actions. Teachers must reinforce the idea that students should question an author, the reliability, motives, etc. Questions are not always used to address confusion. Their questions can be compared and used as discussions. Students can create their own journal topics form annotating text.