1.Where are you going on holiday? 2.When are you leaving? 3.How are you going to…? 4.How long are you staying there? be + V-ing eg: arrive,begin,come,do,drive,fly, go,leave,stay,etc.
Names of RiverLocation Mekong Rhein Seine Nile Thames Yangtze Amazon Mississippi Yellow River England Egypt China Brazil US France China Germany China,SE Asia
Names of RiverLocation Mekong Rhein Seine Nile Thames Yangtze Amazon Mississippi Yellow River China,SE Asia Germany France Egypt England China Brazil US China
journal : 1. A personal record of events, experiences, kept on a regular basis; a diary. 2. a magazine about one special thing. n.
Warming up fare 1) the money that you pay to travel by bus,train,plane,ect n. a single/one-way fare 2) = passenger 3) Food and drink; diet: simple home-cooked fare.
Guess their meanings: 1 How much is the air fare to Beijing? 2)All fares, please! 3 How do you like the school fare? 4)Bob,who is the taxi driver,had only three fares last night.
transport : 1. n. a way of carrying people or things from one place to another. 2. v. carry people or things from one place to another The goods were transported by train.
Reading Dream:dreamed/dreamt; dreamed/dreamt dream of doing sth. = dream about + n./v-ing 1)Its a small town. You can never dream about doing some shopping after 5 oclock in the afternoon. 2. Nowadays most teenagers are dreaming about getting a copy of Harry Porter.
have a dream = dream a dream realize ones dream
finally : after a long time ; in the end adv. in the end / at last 1) 2 … e.g. We waited and waited, and the train finally arrived. final (adj.) NBA final
It was/is + + who (that)+ I saw John in the street this morning. It was I who/ that saw John in the street this morning. ( It was John that/whom I saw in the street this morning. ( It was in the street that I saw John this morning. ( It was this morning that I saw John in the morning. (
stubborn adj. difficult to deal with ; insisting on having ones own way adj. a stubborn person does not change his ideas easily or do what other people want him to do e.g. The girl is so stubborn that nobody can persuade her to change her mind. He is as stubborn as a mule.
insist.v. 1.say very strongly that you must do or have something or that something must happen. 2. Be firm in holding on opinion or position 1)insist (that clause) David insisted that he was right. Bob insisted that she (should) accept the invitation.
2)insist on sth / doing sth She insists on getting up early and playing her radio loudly. They insisted on talking to the manager. source : a place where something comes from n.
proper adj. 1.right or correct 2.real It is proper for sb.to do …= It is proper that… 1) Is it proper for you to wear a cap while eating? = = Is it proper that you should wear a cap while eating?
properly adv. well or correctly adv. = in a proper way behave properly properly speaking
determined : very certain that you want do something adj. 1 She gave me a determined look---the kind that said she wouldn't change her mind. 2 That young boy is a determined man who always gets what he wants.
determine : choosing something after thinking vt. = be determined to do sth. e.g.They were determined to drive the enemy away from their country. =They determined to drive the enemy away from their country.
change ones mind : to change ones opinion or decision 1 Once she has made up her mind, nothing can be done to change her mind. make up ones mind Bush had made up his mind to go into business before he left college.
care about be worried ; concerned or interested Dont you care about anybody ? I dont care (about ) what happens to him. care for/ to do sth would Would you care for a drink? Would you care to go for a walk? care for sb. 1)like or love sb 2)look after sb. /take care of sb. Who will care for your child if you are out?
detail : one of the very small parts that make the whole of something n. altitude : 1.height,esp.above sea-level 2.a place high above sea-level
*at an altitude of = at a height of … The plane is flying at a height/ altitude of 10,000 feet. at a depth of … / at a width of … / at the age of…/at a high/low price…/at the price of..
experience experience v./n. 1 His experiences in Africa are interesting 2 learn by experience We learn both by experience and through textbooks. experienced adj. She is a experienced teacher. She has been teaching for 30 years..
*give in---- say that you will do something that you do not want to do, or agree that you will not win ; to surrender e.g. Liu Hulan would rather die than give in.
Once 1) (for) one time I have only been here once. 2) at some time in the past He once lived in Zambia. 3)all at once :suddenly All at once the door opened. once as soon as … … Once you understand this rule, youll have no further difficulty. What will we do once the money is gone?
atlas : n. a book of maps glacier : n. a large river of ice that moves slowly down a mountain rapids : n. the river goes quickly valley : n. low land, usually with a river, between hills or mountains
waterfall : n. a place where water falls form a high place to a low place plain : n. a large piece of flat land attitude : n. the way you think or feel about something
Comprehending P19 Answers to questions: 1.1)They are brother and sister, and both are college students. 2)Their dream was to take a great bike trip. 3)They are Wang Kuns cousins who are at a college in Kunming. 4)The source of the river is in Qinghai Province and it enters the South China Sea. 5)You can see glacier, rapids, hills, valleys, waterfalls and plains.
6)Yes. The journey begins at an altitude of more than 5,000 meters where it is hard to breathe and very cold. 2. China, Laos, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Tietnam.
3. Similar attitudes about the trip: Both Wang Wei and Wang Kun think… 1.taking this trip is a dream that comes true. 2.that they will enjoy this trip a lot. 3.they should see a lot of the Meikong. 4.that most of the Meikong will be found in Southeast Asia.
Different attitudes about the trip: Wang Wei believes… 1.they must start in Qinghai where the river begins/see all of the Meikong. 2.that they dont need to prepare much. Wang Wei believes… 1.it is too cold and high to start in Qinghai. 2.that using an atlas is very important.
To climb the mountain road was hard work but to go down the hills was great fun. 1) To say is one thing, to do is another one. 2) To make friends is to get happiness.
It is + adj. to do ……… To climb the mountain road was hard. It is hard to climb the mountain road.
shorts : short trousers that end above your knees n. camp : a place where people live in tents for a short time n. vi., concentration camp The herdsmen camped themselves on the grasslands.
Reading and writing p. 23 For one thing, …For another… …. … For one thing, I haven't any money; for another, I dont like seeing films. familiar : knowing well,having a knowledge of adj. Sb. be familiar with sth. Sth. be familiar to sb. He is familiar with that book.
record : v. 1.write notes about or making pictures of things that happen so you can remember them later 2.put music or a film on a tape or record so that you can listen to or watch it later topic : n. something that you talk, learn or write about ;a subject brave : ready to do dangerous or difficult things without fear adj.
compare with )... compare one thing with another compare to Man's life is often compared to a candle. unlike prep.
Sample writing: P23--24 My dear brave little Wei: How I worry about you and Wang Kun! Are you enjoying your trip? I hope so. What are you doing now? Are you In Cambodia yet? When you get to Phnom Penh, tell me about the Buddhist temples there. Please send some photos with your next letter! Well, have fun and dont forget to write to me! Say Hello to Wang Kun for me. Good luck on your journey. Take care! Your friend forever, Ju lin
Translation: P57 1.He wrote a travel journal during his visit to China. 2.I need something flat to write on. 3. All right, Ill have to go with you if you insist. 4.She is a determined woman. If (Once) she determines(is determined) to do something, she will do it well.
5. He recorded the important events and his afterthoughts in his travel journal. 6.He was to begin a bike trip the next day. He was so excited that he stayed awake the whole night. 7.We were all busy. Some of us were putting up a tent, some were making a fire, and the others were busy cooking.
8.Lets go back to our camp. Its getting dark. 9.Im not familiar with this city. This is my first visit. 10.I dont think it is necessary for us to give in. ( I dont think we need to give in.)
Supplementary Exercise: Choose suitable words to complete the passage. source; persuade; topic; stubborn; insist; altitude; Vietnam(Vietams); Tibet(Tibetan); attitude Where to travel for the winter holiday has been the only ________ of conversation for weeks.All of us want to go the beach in Hainan, but Xiaoliang ________ on going to ________. He said he wants to know he will feel at an ________ of 4,000 metres in ________ plateau! We have been trying to _______ him,however,he is as _______ as a mule. I think we will be soon persuaded by him.
Supplementary Exercise: Choose suitable words to complete the passage. source; persuade; topic; stubborn; insist; altitude; Vietnam(Vietams); Tibet(Tibetan); attitude Where to travel for the winter holiday has been the only ________ of conversation for weeks.All of us want to go the beach in Hainan, but Xiaoliang ________ on going to ________. He said he wants to know he will feel at an ________ of 4,000 metres in ________ plateau! We have been trying to _______ him,however,he is as _______ as a mule. I think we will be soon persuaded by him. topic insistsTibet altitudeTibetan persuade subborn