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Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Sançar Sefer SÜER, Head of Department, TOBB IRU 9th Symposium of Lawyers, Geneva – 24 February 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Sançar Sefer SÜER, Head of Department, TOBB IRU 9th Symposium of Lawyers, Geneva – 24 February 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Sançar Sefer SÜER, Head of Department, TOBB IRU 9th Symposium of Lawyers, Geneva – 24 February 2012

2 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Overview: 1. TOBB 2. General Situation of Int. Road Transport in Turkey 3. Legal Infrastructure in Turkey 2

3 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği

4  Independent and Democratic  Non-profit Organizations  Financed by their own Sources  Compulsory Membership  1.3 million enterprises  365 Local Chambers and Commodity Exchanges

5 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği BY VIRTUE OF THE AUTHORITY ISSUANCE OF BY VIRTUE OF THE AUTHORITY ISSUANCE OF;  TIR CARNETS ( – 2011)  ATA CARNETS (1.200 – 2011)  INTERNATIONAL ROAD TRANSPORT QUOTA PERMITS ( – 2011)  DIGITAL TACHOGRAPH CARDS ( – 2011)  DOMESTIC GOODS TRANSPORT LICENCE (K-TYPE) ( – 6 YEARS) ( – 2011) FOCUSING ON OTHER UNECE CONVENTIONS;  AETR  ADR  ATP  E-CMR  HARMONIZATION CENVENTION (NEW ANNEX 8) TAKING PART AT REGIONAL COOPERATION INITIATIVES;  TRACECA, BSEC-URTA, ECO, REVIVAL OF SILK ROAD, FIRTA

6 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği 6

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8 Road * Export Import Total Total * Export Import Total Ratio Export39%42%40% Import20%24%22% Total28%31%30% 40% of exports (ad valorem) performed by road transport Source: TÜİK * $

9 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği  1500 companies  trucks-only international (national > )  One of the biggest in the world in quantity

10 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği

11 Liability…  Road Transportation Code  Customs Code, Anti Smuggling Code  Commercial Code 11

12 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Under Road Transportation Code…  Since 2004  No transport without appropriate “licence”  A1….T3  5 years  Licence fees up to € 12

13 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Under Road Transportation Code…  Heavier requirements than EU  for international freight transport-10 vehicles, 300 tonnes, min € capital  max. vehicle age 20  At least 10 vehicles with max. 14 age  Cargo/goods carried  not to be banned from sale, trade or transport  licence holder liable  CPC certificates for drivers and managers – high level CPC and/or middle level CPC 13

14 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Under Road Transportation Code…  Appropriate vehicle, technical qualifications  Qualified and sufficient number (?) of drivers for the route, drivers licence  Liability insurance !  Force majeure  another route, take to a point on the route, take back  no additional charges  Longer prescription time- 2 & 10 years (ordinary debt claims 1 & 5/10 years) 14

15 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Under Road Transportation Code…  Insurance-Passanger Transport → Road transportation financial responsability → + Individual Seat Accident →+ Road traffic insurance (Road Traffic Code) 15

16 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Under Road Transportation Code…  Fines: → Up to 1000 € → By 2008, decreased by half (2000 €) → Repetition provision abolished 16

17 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Former Anti-smuggling Codes  Law no. 1918/1932  Heavy penalties/sanctions – up to 15 yrs. imprisonment; collective smuggling 2+ prs. 12 years  Transport companies “tolerating” to employees – same “fines” as smuggler  Officers & staff of transport companies – imprisonment &fines 1/2 increased  All vehicles “intentionally” used seized & confiscated  Law no. 4926/2003  “Economic sanctions for economic crimes”– up to 6yrs. imprisonment; collective smuggling 2+ prs. ½ increase  “Responsable persons” of transport companies “tolerating” to employees – half “fines” of smuggler  Benefit from occupational convenience– imprisonment & fines 1/2 increased  Seizure & confiscation- only if secret cahce, most of the goods, vehicle is indispensable or forbidden/hazardous goods 17

18 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Anti-smuggling Codes (Former vs. Current)  Law no. 4926/2003  “Economic sanctions for economic crimes”– up to 6yrs. İmprisonment; collective smuggling 2+ prs. ½ increase  “Responsable persons” of transport companies “tolerating” to employees – half “fines” of smuggler  Benefit from occupational convenience– imprisonment & fines 1/2 increased  Seizure & confiscation- only if secret cahce, most of the goods, vehicle is indispensable or forbidden/hazardous goods  5607/2007  More & longer imprisonment –up to 6 yrs.; collective smuggling 3+ prs. ½ increase  Transport companies – security measures for legal persons  Benefit from occupational convenience– imprisonment & fines 1/2 increased  Seizure & confiscation- only if secret cahce, most of the goods, vehicle is indispensable or forbidden/hazardous goods  Repetition rules for administrative sanctions 18

19 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Road Transport in New Turkish Commercial Code  TCC 1956  TCC 2011 (Law no. 6102)  In force as of July 1st, 2012  Chapter IV – Transport Operations: 6 sections, 80 articles (German Act of 1998)  Applies only if no international convention applicable  CMR not affected  Generally in parallel with CMR (8.33 SDR/kg…) 19

20 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Road Transport in New Turkish Commercial Code  Carrier to pay “utmost care” in carriage of goods  For household/office gears: →liability up to 1500 SDR per loading volume → transporter to dismantle & assemble  Longer prescription times: →3 yrs if transporter’s deliberate, reckless, careless action → 10 yrs passenger’s death/injury 20

21 Türkiye Odalar ve Borsalar Birliği Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey (TOBB) Trade & TIR Department Phone: Fax :


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