Presentation on theme: "HOTS Using Higher Order Thinking Skills to Write Essential Questions"— Presentation transcript:
1HOTS Using Higher Order Thinking Skills to Write Essential Questions By: Schlenia LynnJune 2, 2014
2Essential Question for Today How do we use questions to guide instruction and challenge our students?
3The griney grollers grandled in the granchy gak. What kind of grollers were they?What did the grollers do?Where did they do it?What kind of gak did they grandle?
4The griney grollers grandled in the granchy gak. Place one line under the subject and two lines under the verb.Explain why the grollers were grandling in the granchy gak. Be prepared to justify your answer with evidence.If you had to grandle in a granchy gak, what item would you chose to have with you and why?
5Essential Questions vs. Higher Order Thinking Skills Prompts HOTS PromptsConcepts or skills in the form of a question (replaces the objectives)Organizes and sets the focus of the lessonTool to help teachers gather evidence of learningGoal is to be answered by the end of the lessonOne per lesson – may take more than a day or two to answerCannot be answered with a simple “yes” or “no” (Oliver, nd)Questions or prompts that are embedded into the lesson at certain points during instructionProvide opportunities for students to be challengedMay be used to determine direction of instructionPresent students with at least 3 higher order thinking questions per lesson. This is proof that you are presenting your students with challenging questions and meeting the needs of your advanced learners
6Examples of Essential Questions TopicExample of Essential QuestionNot example of Essential QuestionMaking inferencesHow do readers use authors’ clues to make inferences?What is an inference?CarbohydratesWhy are carbohydrates important for your body?List 10 carbohydrates?Civil WarWhat were the advantages of both the North and South during the Civil War?Who was involved in and won the Civil War?Habitats and ecosystemsHow do you distinguish between a habitat and an ecosystem?What is a habitat? What is an ecosystem?Graphing quadratic equationsHow do I graph quadratic functions?Can you graph a quadratic equation?
7New Bloom’s Taxonomy High Level Thinking Skills Low Level Thinking
9Writing HOTS Questions Blooms TaxonomyHOTS ACTIVITYActivity 1: RememberingSay the PledgeActivity 2: UnderstandingExplain what indivisible , liberty, and justice mean.Activity 3: ApplyWhat questions would you ask to Francis Bellamy, the composer of the original Pledge of Allegiance?Activity 4: AnalyzingDiscuss the meaning of “and to the Republic for which it stands’ in terms of its importance to the pledge.”Activity 5: EvaluationDescribe the purpose of the pledge and assess how well it achieves that purpose. Suggest improvements.Activity 6: CreateWrite a contract between yourself and a friend that includes an allegiance to a symbol that stands for something you both believe in.
10Writing HOTS Questions Select a topic from your grade levelBrainstorm 6 concepts related to the topicUsing a grid, select a verb from Bloom’s Taxonomy for each level, one of the concepts, and a product for each taskTranslate grid into complete sentences
11Topic: Mountain Lion Concept: HOTS Verb: Product: Sentence: Range and population of the mountain lionApplyingIdentifymapDraw a map with a legendidentifying the mountainlion’s current range andpopulation.Preservation of the mountain lionEvaluatingCriticizeletterWrite a letter to the U.S. Government criticizing their role in the preservation of the mountain lion.Food and habitat of the mountain lionCreatingDesign3D modelDesign a 3D Model thatillustrates the mountainlion’s natural habitat andfood source.
12Practice Using the Grid Select a topic from your grade levelBrainstorm 3 concepts related to the topicUsing a grid, select a verb from Bloom’s Taxonomy for each level, one of the concepts, and a product for each taskTranslate grid into complete sentences
13How you can use HOTS in the classroom? Write essential questionsWord of the day – get students familiar with the termsCenters – choice menusHomework – 1-2 HOTS questions instead of 10 lower level questionsGroup discussionsNotebook reflectionsExit slipsQuiz/TestStudent created questions
14Personal Check-UP Answer the following questions: Are your teaching objectives, activities, and assessments tied to higher order thinking?Do all learners have the opportunity to interact with you and others?Do you allow time in your course for debating?Do your learners have to use inductive and deductive strategies?Do you find yourself using "shock" statements and questions to get learners' minds running?
15Essential Question for Today How do we use questions to guide instruction and challenge our students?