Presentation on theme: "UG: What were the purposes of the Declaration of Independence?"— Presentation transcript:
UG: What were the purposes of the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Paine Argument for independence from British rule at a time when the question of independence was still undecided
Thomas Paine in Jan. 1776….. Came to America in 1774 from England and got caught up in the Revolutionary Spirit King George was a tyrant and declaring independence from Great Britain was our only choice.
…Everything that is right or natural pleads for separation…TIS TIME TO PART… …The king has shown himself an enemy to liberty and discovered a thirst for arbitrary power. Reconciliation and ruin are nearly related…. TIS TIME TO PART In the following pages I offer nothing more than simple facts, plain arguments, and common sense……The sun never shined on a cause of greater worth….
Plantation owner from Virginia Eventually the 3 rd President Owned slaves (hanky panky) Representative to the 2 nd Continental Congress from Virginia Father of the Declaration of Independence. Social contract
1.New theory of government (democracy---people rule)1.New theory of government (democracy---people rule) 2. Grievances (27) listed against King George2. Grievances (27) listed against King George 3.Declaration of War3.Declaration of War Become a separate NationBecome a separate Nation
27 grievances He has plundered our Seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our People. He has erected a Multitude of New Offices, and sent hither Swarms of Officers to harass our people, and eat out their substance. For cutting off our Trade with all Parts of the World. For quartering large Bodies of Armed Troops among us. For imposing Taxes on us without our consent.
First US Army made up of volunteers, militias and Minutemen. George Washington chosen as the first Commanding General. Not an army of professionals but mostly farmers. First US Army made up of volunteers, militias and Minutemen. George Washington chosen as the first Commanding General. Not an army of professionals but mostly farmers. Lacked the discipline of a professional army at first…. Lacked resources, men werent paid and some quit after the first few battles. 2 nd Continental Congress lacked $$$$ to supply army… Lacked the discipline of a professional army at first…. Lacked resources, men werent paid and some quit after the first few battles. 2 nd Continental Congress lacked $$$$ to supply army…
PopulationManufacturingMoneyArmyLeadersGeographyNavy Will to Fight Approximately 12 million Highly developed Richest country in the world Large, well trained army plus Hessians Few officers capable of leading Strange land---difficult to re-supply troops Naval world power Trained soldiers---but no heart Approximately 3 million and 1/3 loyal to England. Practically none No $$$ to support the war Volunteers, poorly equipped Dedicated officers plus foreign leaders Familiar land, easy access to supplies No navy Defending homeland---will to fight
Attrition: Wear down the British Guerilla tactics [fight an insurgent war you dont have to win a battle, just wear the British down] Alliances: make with one of Britains enemies. The Americans
The British Break the colonies in half. Blockade ports to prevent the flow of goods and supplies from an ally. Divide and Conquer use the Loyalists.
Phase I: The Northern Campaign [ ] Phase II: NY & PA [ ] Phase III: The Southern Strategy [ ] British War Plans:
Battle of Saratoga
Saratoga: Turning Point of the War Saratoga: Turning Point of the War
IMPORTANCE: Leads to a military alliance with France. They provide Soldiers Naval fleet $$$$$.
Battle of Yorktown
The Battle of Yorktown (1781) Count de Rochambeau Admiral De Grasse
Battle of Yorktown The British General wanted to rest for the winter n the South believing the war would be won in the Spring ….. Yorktown was chosen because it provided easy Ocean access to be reinforced and re- supplied General Washington learned through Spies ! Map-yorktown
Battle of Yorktown Using the French navy, a blockade surrounds the British. They Run out of Supplies!
Battle of Yorktown 15,000 American and French troops surrounded 8,000 British troops on land. The British are trapped forced to his surrender his troops to Washington Brings war to an end
Cornwallis Surrender at YorktowN Painted by John Trumbull, 1797 The World Turned Upside Down!
Couldnt Win on the Road Overconfidence Little Communication US had more will to fight Cs Alliances with France.
United States after the Revolutionary War Treaty of Paris, 1783 Great Britain recognized the independence of the United States US acquired land from the Great Lakes to Florida and Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River. British were to remove troops and forts from US Land. USA British Forts