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THE NATIONAL SOCIAL PROTECTION STRATEGY (NSPS): INVESTING IN PEOPLE GOVERNMENT OF GHANA Ministry of Manpower, Youth and Employment (MMYE) 2008 Angela Asante-Asare.

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Presentation on theme: "THE NATIONAL SOCIAL PROTECTION STRATEGY (NSPS): INVESTING IN PEOPLE GOVERNMENT OF GHANA Ministry of Manpower, Youth and Employment (MMYE) 2008 Angela Asante-Asare."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE NATIONAL SOCIAL PROTECTION STRATEGY (NSPS): INVESTING IN PEOPLE GOVERNMENT OF GHANA Ministry of Manpower, Youth and Employment (MMYE) 2008 Angela Asante-Asare National Coordinator, Social Protection

2 WHAT IS THE NSPS: Finalized in 2007 The National Social Protection Strategy (NSPS) represents the Government of Ghana’s (GoG) vision of creating an all inclusive and socially empowered society through the provision of sustainable mechanisms for the protection of persons living in situations of extreme poverty and related vulnerability and exclusion.” “The NSPS is founded upon the principle that every Ghanaian matters and is capable of contributing his or her quota to national development.” (NSPS; GoG, 2007) Rights-Based Approach for the Vulnerable and Excluded Child-Centred and Gender Sensitive Approach to Interventions

3 NSPS FRAMEWORK Linkages to Complementary Services Emergency Response

4 WHY SOCIAL PROTECTION? GPRS I – Experiences GPRS II – National Targets by 2015, SP Mandated Deliverable Ghana Needed: 1.Socially Protective cushions insulate V+E persons from Lifecycle risks (i.e, sickness, unemployment, disability and disaster). 2.An Umbrella concept, covering a wider range of programmes, stakeholders, and social instruments. International/Local Instruments and Legislations The 1992 Constitution, Children’s Act 560 (1998), Persons With Disabilities Act 715 (2005) ILO Convention 182, Convention on Rights of Child Universal Declaration on Human Rights, MDGs, BASED ON BP’s from Brazil, South Africa, Mexico, etc. Poor Impact/Targeting of Past SP Programmes in Ghana

5 Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS 4, 2000): Poverty profile of Ghana indicates that an estimated 40% of Ghanaians are “poor” (GLSS 4) approx. 26.8% of population = Extreme poor, 14.7% are “poorest of the poor”: Ghana Living Standards Survey (GLSS 5, 2007): GLSS 5) approx. 18.2% of population = Extreme poor Per capita income in 2006 was approx. $400, and therefore efforts must be made via a comprehensive and sustainable Social Protection strategy to lift the poorest citizens out of the poverty cycle and poise them to contribute to the nation’s development. Poorest HH = Combination of Children/Elderly POVERTY IN GHANA

6 POVERTY MAP SOURCE: GSS GLSS 5 and Coulombe & Wodon (2007)

7 POVERTY IN GHANA: POVERTY BAND ANALYSIS

8 Integrated Approach to SP: Complementary Programmes Existing Social Protection interventions Complemented by NSPS: SSNIT – Pension Scheme School Feeding Programme Capitation Grant (Primary and Soon Secondary Education) National Health Insurance Scheme Social Welfare Programmes Supplemenatry Feeding Programmes National Youth Employment Programme Intergrated Agric. Support Programme Microfinance Schemes Emergency Management Schemes

9 POLICY OBJECTIVES UNDER NSPS OBJECTIVE 1: To increase the ability of Extreme Poor to meet basic needs through improving access to livelihood opportunities, and to social protection OBJECTIVE 2: To reduce extreme poverty and related vulnerability and exclusion at the household level through provision of LEAP Social Grants Programme OBJECTIVE 3: To strengthen the capacity of MDAs to deliver, monitor and evaluate effective social protection programs

10 IMPLEMENTING PARTNERS MDAs at National, Regional, District and Community Levels NGOs / CSOs Ghanaian Citizens Good Political Will (MoFEP)

11 Technical Working Group on SP Coordinate Policy Interventions of Govn’t Ministries, Departments and Agencies for Vulnerable/Excluded Citizens. Build Capacity of MDAs to Programme for vulnerable citizens, esp. extreme poor: –Sharpen existing interventions in terms of implementation and targeting effectiveness of implementing partners. –Modify Targeting Questionnaire to assist pro-poor targeting in various sectors (ie, health, eductation) –Ensure compliance at decentralized levels National Sensitisation/Communication/Advocacy Linkages to Complementary Services: –NSPS interventions will facilitate improvements in existing mechanisms and the formulation of new interventions to address gaps in coverage for the extreme poor

12 LEAP Programme Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty (LEAP) Social Grants Scheme: context specific initiative that will provide both conditional and unconditional cash transfers to Targeted populations. Dept. Of Social Welfare (DSW) -Implementing Agency under MMYE The District Assemblies will form District and Community LEAP Implementing Committees to select potential beneficiaries and help monitor/link to complementary services

13 LEAP Beneficiaries Care Givers Grant Scheme for Orphan/Vulnerable Children (OVCs) (Conditional). Emphasis on: –Children Affected By Aids (CABAs) –Children with severe disabilities Persons with Severe Disabilities (Unconditional) –No Productive Capacity Social Grants for the extremely poor above 65 years (Unconditional) –No Subsistence Support

14 Complementary Programmes 1.Aged 65+ Livelihood Needs: Shelter Food Clothing Soap Water Complementary Programmes: NHIS Indigent Card Free Bus Ride Micronutrient Support/ Supplementary Feeding DSW Services 2. PWDs without Productive Capacity. Livelihood Needs: Food Clothing Soap Water Complementary Programmes: NHIS Indigent Card Free Bus Ride DSW Psycho-Social Support Services DSW Services 3. OVCs via Caregivers Scheme Livelihood Needs: Shelter Food Clothing Soap Water Education Complementary Programmes: Caregivers: NHIS Indigent Card Agric. Input Support Microfinance Skills Training for Caregivers DSW Services OVC: Education Capitation Grant School Feeding Programme Post Basic (15+): Skills Training/Apprenticeship National Youth Employment Programme (NYEP) DSW Services

15 SOCIAL PROTECTION MODEL: CASH TRANSFER HEALTH EDUCATION SOCIAL WELFARE LIVELIHOOD PROMOTING PROGRAMMES LEGAL EMPOWERMENT NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL PROTECTION

16 LEAP CONDITIONALITIES Households Receiving Conditional Grants Must: –Enrol and retain all school going age children in the household in public basic schools. Benefit from the Capitation Grant and the School Feeding Program. –Must be card bearing members of the National Health Insurance Scheme. –New born babies (0 -18 months) must be registered with the Birth and Deaths Registry and complete the Expanded Programme on Immunisation. –Ensure that no child in the household is trafficked or engaged in any activities constituting the Worst Forms of Child Labour (WFCL).

17 LEAP ROLL- OUT PLAN Option No of Households 15,00035,00065,000115,000164,370 Districts Households per district ,1501,188 Households per community (based on 3 communities per district in yr 1, 5 in subsequent years) Households per community (based on 3 communities per district in yr 1, 5 in subsequent years)

18 LEAP PROGRAMME: Overview Affordability – 5 year pilot < 1% of GDP Payment Amount: GHC ¢8 – GHC ¢15 (Low Dependency, Duration of 3 years) Targeting – Heavy using community/technology based approaches (i.e. CLIC, DLIC, Single Register) Household Distribution – Extreme Poverty Rankings and Share by Regional Population distribution 40% of beneficiaries are children. Women preferred recipients – Maximum impact at HH level Target Group: 20% of Extreme Poor (18.2%) GLSS 5 Linkages with Complementary Services

19 LEAP ROLL OUT PLAN LEAP 5-Year PILOT Programme : –Target Groups: OVC, PWDs, Aged Poor –15,000 HH to Benefit (2008) –50 Districts – Every Region Represented –Social Grants- GHC –Payments through Post-Office –Payments made once every other month (double the amount is paid) Launched in March 2008 –1 st Transfer = OVCs in 1, 551 HH in 20 districts 8 GHC –2 nd Transfer = 3,200 HH adding PWSDs and Aged Above 65, GHC 8 – range. –Approx. 16,000 HH have been assisted Donors: GoG, UNICEF, DfID, WB, ILO

20 LEAP EMERGENCY PLAN Emergency Response Package to Rising Food Prices –LEAP will target most Food Insecure districts in Ghana –Rapid Scale-up of LEAP to 53,000 HH in 2008 –Targeting approx. 2,154 HH, 61 – 66 Districts nationwide –Review of Targeting mechanism to include food security and nutrition indicators –NHIS to Channel Payments for Premiums for vulnerable through LEAP

21 WHAT’S THE ADDED VALUE OF LEAP A systematic targeting mechanism for household/community level social protection interventions. A national register of the poor and vulnerable available for all pro-poor programmes (Based on Brazilian Model): –NHIS, Women’s development fund, MICROFINANCE, Agricultural inputs support, District Poverty alleviation funds, other Civil Society Interventions, Skills Development A strengthened and Empowered DSW to: –improve its effectiveness in delivering its broad mandate and capacity to implement the NSPS

22 LEAP FINANCING

23

24 IS LEAP SUSTAINABLE? Sustainability Indicators % shares of LEAP to: Total Govt Expenditure0.12%0.10%0.13%0.19%0.23% Total MMYE allocation25.44%20.09%31.93%51.98%71.63% Total Poverty reduction expenditure0.59%0.47%0.64%0.91%1.10% Total GPRS allocation to Human Resource Development0.27%0.21%0.29%0.41%0.49% Total NHI levy3.61%2.87%3.96%5.62%6.74% Total Tax revenue0.20%0.16%0.22%0.31%0.38% Total Direct taxes0.74%0.59%0.81%1.15%1.38% HIPC Assistance Grants4.83%3.83%5.30%7.52%9.01% Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative Grants13.72%11.82%17.47%26.46%33.92% Total nominal GDP0.05%0.04%0.05%0.07%0.09% Source: Authors calculations based on MTEF

25 Thank You


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