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Dr Alexander Karpov Chief, Observing Systems Division WWW Department

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1 Dr Alexander Karpov Chief, Observing Systems Division WWW Department
World Meteorological Organization Weather – Climate - Water RA III Regional Training Seminar on CLIMAT & CLIMAT TEMP Reporting Buenos Aires, Argentina October 2006 Overview of the World Weather Watch Operations Dr Alexander Karpov Chief, Observing Systems Division WWW Department

2 April the Fourth Meteorological Congress enthusiastically adopted the idea of the World Weather Watch (WWW). A fundamental principle was that the World Weather Watch, - would be implemented and operated by Members themselves - to the extent that their resources permitted, and - in accordance with the agreed Plan

3 Implementation of WWW facilities
outside national territories would be based on voluntary participation of countries providing equipment and services from their resources. To assist States less able to contribute and to benefit from the global system, a Voluntary Assistance Programme (now Voluntary Cooperation Programme) was established.

4 Global Observing System (GOS) Global Telecommunication System(GTS)
GARP became a synegeric research element for the development and planning of the WWW The WWW still has three readily identifiable interconnected (integrated) components (also known as Basic Systems): Global Observing System (GOS) Global Telecommunication System(GTS) Global Data-processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS)

5 Adopted in 1967, the WWW Plan and Implementation Programme has been reviewed and revised on several occasions, taking into account: The evolving needs of Members The possibilities offered by scientific & technological developments

6 In particular, Member’s Agreement on the integration of Obs, Telecoms and Processing had foreseen that: Each partner owes & operates its own system; Each partner agrees to use standards and conventions such that other partners can use his observations; Each partner agrees to interface specifications that his observations can be transmitted over the GTS and downloaded to be used by other partners; Each partner agrees to a specific level of data quality .

7 It soon became obvious that,
WWW Basic systems could also serve the needs of Members in other areas, e.g. GCOS GTOS GOOS/JCOMM WHyCOS GAW/WWRP, etc.

8 modern meteorology depends upon near instantaneous exchange of
To predict the weather, modern meteorology depends upon near instantaneous exchange of weather information across the entire globe. Mission Statement of the WWW Programme

9 The World Weather Watch (WWW),
the core of the WMO Programmes, combines observing systems, telecommunication facilities, and data-processing and forecasting centres operated by Members – to make available meteorological and related geophysical information needed to provide efficient services in all countries.

10 The WWW is a unique achievement in international cooperation: in few other fields of human endeavour, and particularly in science and technology, is there - or has there ever been - such a truly world-wide operational system to which virtually every country in the world contributes, every day of every year, for the common benefit of mankind.

11 Through the WWW Programme
WMO Members coordinate and implement standardization of measuring methods and techniques, common telecommunication procedures, and the presentation of observed data and processed information in a manner which is understood by all, regardless of language. 

12 These arrangements, as well as the operation of the WWW facilities, are coordinated and monitored by WMO with a view to ensuring that every country has available all of the information it needs to provide weather services on a day-to-day basis as well as for long-term planning and research. 

13 An increasingly important
part of the WWW Programme provides support for developing international programmes related to global climate and other environmental issues, and to sustainable development.

14 WMO Programme Structure
World Weather Watch Programme Atmospheric Research and Environment Programme Hydrology and Water Resources Programme Applications of Meteorology Programme World Climate Programme Education and Training Programme The WWW is the backbone programme of WMO, which provides the infrastructure and services to meet its own requirements for observations, information and forecast products, including the telecommunication networks and centres for the exchange of the information, and for meeting the corresponding requirements of the other programmes of WMO. The infrastructure and services are also referred to as the “basic systems”, because they provide the basic services for all programmes. The technical commissions responsible the coordination of the WWW are the Commission for Basic Systems (CBS) and the Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation (CIMO). Technical Co-operation Programme WMO/OMM

15 Open Programme Area Groups (OPAGs):
COMMISSION FOR BASIC SYSTEMS Open Programme Area Groups (OPAGs): OPAG on Integrated Observing Systems (IOS) OPAG on Integrated System and Services (ISS) OPAG of Global Data-Processing and Forecasting Systems (DPFS) OPAG on Public Weather Services (PWS)

16 COMMISSION FOR BASIC SYSTEMS

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19 World Weather Watch GDPFS GOS GTS DM Global Observing System
Global Data Processing and Forecasting System GDPFS GOS DM Data Management GTS The schematic diagram shows the main sub-systems that together build the WWW, namely Global Observing System (GOS), Global Telecommunication System (GTS), Global Data-processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS), and the Data Management Functions. Global Telecommunication System WMO/OMM Weather – Climate – Water

20 Processing and Forecasting System
FLOW OF INFORMATION DATA COLLECTION Global Observing System GOS DATA AND PRODUCT TRANSPORT Global Telecommunication System GTS PRODUCT GENERATION Global Data Processing and Forecasting System GDPFS DATA MANAGEMENT The schematic diagram shows the main sub-systems that together build the WWW, namely Global Observing System (GOS), Global Telecommunication System (GTS), Global Data-processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS), and the Data Management Functions. DATA AND PRODUCT USERS WMO/OMM

21 Global Observing System:
Provides observations for all other WMO programmes (including aviation, climate, agriculture, environment, disaster prevention and mitigation) Operated by National Meteorological Services Data requirements evolve with technology .

22 The Global Observing System of the WWW comprises surface and space-based subsystems;
data obtained are transmitted via the Global Tele-communication System to the Global Data-Processing & Forecasting System, where required information and products are produced and sent to the users.

23 Typical daily coverage of surface observations from land (red) and VOS (blue) stations
At present over manned and automatic weather stations on land and about voluntary observing ships (VOS) at sea provide measurements and observations

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37 Global Data-Processing and Forecasting System:
World Meteorological Centres Regional Specialized Meteorological Centres such as for example: Tropical Cyclone Forecasting Environmental Emergency Response National Meteorological Centres .

38 GDPS Centres running models
Geographic depiction of the centres that run NWP models. GLOBAL DATA PROCESSING AND FORECASTING SYSTEM

39 WWW - Department CBS and CIMO November 2004 Technical Commissions:
Dr Jack Hayes Director, WWW Department WMO Geneva, Switzerland Tel: Programme Activities, Tasks and Responsibilities The WWW Programme is managed in the WMO Secretariat by the WWW Department, which comprises the Observing Systems Division (including the GOS and the Instruments and Methods of Observation programme, the Information Systems and Services Division (including GTS and Data Management), and the Data-processing and Forecasting Division (including the GDPFS and the ERA). November 2004

40 Observing Systems Division (OSY)
GOS (surface and space-based) Instruments and Methods of Observation Antarctic Meteorology System Support Activities WWW Support to RA II OIS (Pub 9 Vol A, RBSN/RBCN) Staff: A. Karpov (Chief) M. Ondras (SSO) M. Abayasekara The Instruments and Methods of Observation programme is placed within the responsibility of the OSY Division, as well as the Antarctic Meteorological programme;

41 Information Systems & Services Division (ISS)
Staff: J.M. Rainer (Chief) P. Kerhervé (SSO) J. Arimatea d. S. Brito (SO) J. Best (Ms.) (Clerk) S. Vargas (Ms.) (Clerk) Sutrisno (Clerk) GTS & Radio Frequencies Data Management & Codes Monitoring Activity System Support Activities WWW Support to RA III, V, VI OIS (Web, Pub No 9 Vol C & D) WWW Newsletter The main responsibilities of the ISS Division include the management of the GTS and Data Management programme; the management of the WMO character and binary codes, while belonging to the Data Management programme, is actually handled by a 50%-Scientific Officer position attached to the GDPFS Division; the other 50% of that post are dedicated to GDPFS work.

42 Data-processing & Forecasting Division (DPFS)
Staff: P. Chen (Chief) J. Martellet (SO) GDPFS Emergency Response Activity System Support Activities WWW Support to RA I and IV Data Quality Monitoring NWP Verification This division’s main responsibility is the management of the GDPFS programme; it also manages the Emergency Response Activity (large-scale atmospheric pollution episodes caused by radioactive pollution emergencies, volcanic eruptions, or wild-land fires, etc.).

43 WWW Department Organizational diagram of the WWW Department (status October 2006); The Programme Coordinator post attached to the Director’s office manages the contributions of the WWW Programme to cross-cutting activities and projects, such as the GEOSS Initiative, the Natural Disaster Mitigation Programme, the WMO Space Programme, the WMO Quality Management Framework, and Climate Matters. SO = Scientific Officer SSO = Senior Scientific Officer

44 Inter-programme Activities
EUMETNET/EUCOS, AMMA, THORPEX, IPY GCOS, AMDAR, ACMAD, ECMWF Marine observations Instrument standardization Satellite operations Radio-frequency coordination Procurement and use of data from other organizations WMO Quality Management Framework .

45 Muchas Gracias !


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