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Vitamins Micro-nutrients to help protect and keep the body healthy Water Soluble – B and C Fat Soluble – A,D, E and K.

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Presentation on theme: "Vitamins Micro-nutrients to help protect and keep the body healthy Water Soluble – B and C Fat Soluble – A,D, E and K."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vitamins Micro-nutrients to help protect and keep the body healthy Water Soluble – B and C Fat Soluble – A,D, E and K

2 Vitamin A – Fat Soluble Found in full fat milk, cheese, eggs, oily fish, liver and butter. Added to margarine and spreads. Formed from beta-carotene and found in carrots, cabbage and yellow fruits

3 Vitamin A For good eyesight and night vision

4 Vitamin A - Deficiency Deficiency is rare in UK as it is found in a wide variety of food. Lack of Vitamin a can cause night blindness and poor eyesight. Excess in pregnancy can cause birth defects and women should avoid eating liver.

5 Vitamin B1 - Water Soluble Vitamin B1 - Thiamine Helps the release of energy from carbohydrates Needed for normal growth in children Helps the nervous system Found in breakfast cereals, potatoes and bread

6 Vitamin B1 Deficiency Lack of Vitamin B1 - Thiamine loss of appetite slow growth is children beri-beri (severe)

7 Vitamin B2 - Water Soluble Vitamin B2 - Riboflavin Helps the release of energy from carbohydrates Needed for normal growth in children Found in breakfast cereals, potatoes,bread, red meat

8 Vitamin B2 Deficiency Lack of Vitamin B2 – Rioflavin cracks around the mouth and lips tongue and eyes may become inflamed general tiredness

9 Vitamin C – Ascorbic Acid Needed for the absorption of IRON Good Sources – Citrus fruits, green vegetables and tomatoes

10 Vitamin C – Ascorbic Acid Protects against infection Helps to maintain healthy blood vessels Heals wounds

11 Vitamin C Deficiency Lack of Vitamin C can cause: Mouth and gum infections Slow healing of wounds Scurvy - extreme

12 Vitamin D Works with Calcium to help strong bones and teeth Produced by the body when exposed to sunlight

13 Vitamin D Good sources can be found in oily fish, eggs, cheese and butter

14 Vitamin D Deficiency Lack of Vitamin D can cause: Rickets in children and brittle bones on older people. Rickets are becoming a problem in the UK due to children not playing outside in the sunlight.


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