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4Micro-nutrients to help protect and keep the body healthy VitaminsMicro-nutrients to help protect and keep the body healthyWater Soluble – B and CFat Soluble – A,D, E and K
5Vitamin A – Fat SolubleFound in full fat milk, cheese, eggs, oily fish, liver and butter. Added to margarine andspreads.Formed from beta-carotene and found in carrots, cabbage and yellow fruits
6For good eyesight and night vision Vitamin AFor good eyesight and night vision
7Vitamin A - DeficiencyDeficiency is rare in UK as it is found in a wide variety of food.Lack of Vitamin a can cause night blindness and poor eyesight.Excess in pregnancy can cause birth defects and women should avoid eating liver.
8Vitamin B1 - Water Soluble Vitamin B1 - ThiamineHelps the release of energy from carbohydratesNeeded for normal growth in childrenHelps the nervous systemFound in breakfast cereals, potatoes and bread
9Vitamin B1 Deficiency Lack of Vitamin B1 - Thiamine loss of appetite slow growth is childrenberi-beri (severe)
10Vitamin B2 - Water Soluble Vitamin B2 - RiboflavinHelps the release of energy from carbohydratesNeeded for normal growth in childrenFound in breakfast cereals, potatoes ,bread, red meat
11Vitamin B2 Deficiency Lack of Vitamin B2 – Rioflavin cracks around the mouth and lipstongue and eyes may become inflamedgeneral tiredness
12Vitamin C – Ascorbic Acid Needed for the absorption of IRONGood Sources – Citrus fruits, green vegetables and tomatoes
13Vitamin C – Ascorbic Acid Protects against infectionHelps to maintain healthy blood vesselsHeals wounds
14Vitamin C Deficiency Lack of Vitamin C can cause: Mouth and gum infectionsSlow healing of woundsScurvy - extreme
15Vitamin D Works with Calcium to help strong bones and teeth Produced by the body when exposed to sunlight
16Vitamin DGood sources can be found in oily fish, eggs, cheese and butter
17Vitamin D Deficiency Lack of Vitamin D can cause: Rickets in children and brittlebones on older people.Rickets are becoming a problem in the UK due to children not playing outside in the sunlight.