Presentation on theme: "Speed STARTER TASK What is the formula for calculating speed?"— Presentation transcript:
1Speed STARTER TASK What is the formula for calculating speed? Objectives1.3 recall and use the relationship between average speed, distance moved andtime: average speed = distance moved/time takenSTARTER TASKWhat is the formula for calculating speed?What is meant by ‘Average Speed’?A car travels 70km at an average speed of 35km/hr. How long was the journey? Give units.
2What are the units of speed when: Distance is measured in metres and time in secondsDistance is measured in miles and time in hoursDistance is measured in kilometres and time in hoursDistance is measured in metres and time in minutesDistance is measured in millimetres and time in seconds
3Speed speed = distance time In physics speed is usually measured in: metres per second (m/s)
4also:distance =and:time =speed x timedistancedistancespeedspeedtime
56 = 122What else do you know?2 = 12612 = 6 x 22 = 105What else do you know?5 = 10210 = 5 x 25 = 153What else do you know?3 = 15515 = 5 x 3
6What else can you tell me? Speed = DistanceTimeWhat else can you tell me?2 = 105Based on the above equation, how do I work out distance?Distance = Speed x TimeBased on the above equation, how do I work out time?Time = Distance ÷ Speed
7Usian Bolt ran 100m in 9.58 seconds, what was his average speed? 10.43 m/s(23 mph)
8Pairs of cameras spot your number plate, start a timer, and then spot your number plate again leaving a zoneQuestion 2800mThe speed cameras record that a car takes 350 seconds to move between them. Calculate the average speed of the car. Show your working. Give the unit.2.28 m/s
9Charlie Adam takes a free kick, He is 26 metres away from the goal and it took 1.02 seconds before it crosses the goal line. How fast does the ball travel?25.49 (metres / second) (x2.24 to get Miles an Hour) = 57 mph
12Activity 1Plot these results on a speed time graph, with time on the bottom axis (the x axis) and speed on the side axis (the y axis).Label the points where there is a change in motion A,B,C,D,E,F,H,I,J and K.Example: point A is at time 0 and speed 0.
14If you walk for 1 1/2 hours at an average speed of 4 miles/h If you walk for 1 1/2 hours at an average speed of 4 miles/h. How far will you have walked?Distance = Speed × TimeDistance = 4 × 1.5 = 6 milesHow long does it take to drive to Leeds from Blackpool (85 Miles) if you travel at an average speed of 60 mph?Time = Distance ÷ SpeedTime = 85 ÷ 60 = 1 Hour and 41 Minutes
151 meter per second = 2.23693629 (2.24) mph. So, take meters per second and multiply by (2.24) to get miles per hour.Example, 55 meters per second = mph. 1m/s = mphRead more: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_do_you_convert_meters_per_second_into_miles_per_hours#ixzz1IZCtHIRh
16Distance, time and speed To work out the speed of an object you need to know:the distance travelled;how long it took to travel that distance.
17Speed calculation example A boy takes 1 hour to travel from his home to the cinema, a distance of 10 km. Calculate his average speed in km/h.dsxtd (distance in km)average speed(in km/h)t (time in h)=10 km1 h== 10 km/hCover the quantity to becalculated - s (speed)
18Speed calculation example – units check Sometimes the units have to be changed in a speed calculation. Here is the same problem but with different units:A boy takes 1 hour to travel from his home to the cinema, a distance of 10 km. Calculate his average speed in m/s.dsxtd (distance in m)average speed(in m/s)t (time in s)=3600 s10,000 m=1x60x60= m/sCover the quantity to becalculated - s (speed)
19Speed calculation – question 1 A group set off from home and walk at an average speed of 3.6 km/h. How far would they travel in two hours?Give your answer in km.dsxtdistance (km) = speed (km/h) x time (h)= 3.6 km/h x 2 h= 7.2 km
20Speed calculation – question 1 How long would it take a woman to walk 10 km if her average speed is 5.4 km/h ?time =distancespeeddsxt10 km5.4 km/h== hours