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1 Doing an apprenticeship: What young people think Josie Misko October VET Skills Institute 18/10/2011.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Doing an apprenticeship: What young people think Josie Misko October VET Skills Institute 18/10/2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Doing an apprenticeship: What young people think Josie Misko October VET Skills Institute 18/10/2011

2 2 The study  Undertaken by Josie Misko, Nhi Nguyen and John Saunders from NCVER  Factors that explain uptake  Surveys  1562 students, 837 apprentices  31% response rate (apprentices)  78 students in focus groups

3 3 Traditional apprenticeship commencements and skilled vacancies index (all trades), 1986-2006

4 4 Career aspirations of students (%) Career aspirations of studentsNo.% of students Managers and Administrators 251.6 Professionals 71245.6 Technicians and associate professionals 15810.1 Tradesperson and related workers 21413.7 Advanced clerical and service workers 181.2 Intermediate clerical, sales and service workers 996.3 Intermediate production and transport workers 40.3 Elementary clerical, sales and service workers 70.5 Labourers and related workers 50.3 Other* 880.3 Not reported 23214.9 Total 100

5 5 Trade group categories of apprentices Major GroupResponse rate Mechanical engineering36% Fabrication engineering21% Automotive33% Electrical and electronics31% Construction (structural and final finishes)34% Plumbers27% Food tradespersons24% Hairdressers32% Other tradespersons31%

6 6 Preferences of apprentices by highest level of schooling (%) PreferenceYear 12Year 11Year 10 Year 9 or below First preference 56.773.673.1 66.7 Second preference 25.516.513.5 14.8 Third preference 18.5 Not reported 0.0 Total 100

7 7 Students by year level and plans to enter an apprenticeship 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% TotalYear 10Year 11Year 12 Year level NoYesMaybeHave not thought about it Note: Graph does not include the small number of not reported’ cases. Source: Student Survey

8 8 Ability: Self perceptions (%) ApprenticesAll students Yes or Maybe Well above average, Currently performing at a very high level Above average, Currently performing at a high level 35.428.920.3 Average, Doing OKAY 53.653.858.8 Below average, Doing not so well Well below average, Doing not so well at all Unknown Total 100.0

9 9 TER scores of apprentices  apprentices – 20% obtained a TER TER score% 50 or below15.9 61 to 8072.6 81 to 10011.5 Total100.0

10 10 Student plans to pursue apprenticeships by expected TER scores

11 11 Students ability by plans to take up trade apprenticeship (%) YesNoMaybe No thoughts Total Currently performing at a very high or high level 6.866.416.210.7100.0 Currently performing OKAY 18.247.818.115.8100.0 Currently performing not so well or not so well at all 10.523.835.030.8100.0 * 47 students did not provide details that could be analysed for this table.

12 12 Reasons for & against apprenticeships ApprenticesStudents Why take up an apprenticeship Intrinsic motivation Always wanted to do that type of work (24%) Always wanted to do that type of work (23%) Extrinsic motivation Can always get a job with a trade (20%) Can make good money with a trade (17%) Why reject an apprenticeship Extrinsic motivationIntrinsic motivation Inadequate pay (55%) Never been keen on a trade (50%)

13 13 Influence on decision making Parents:  supportive or non-committal Peers:  do not care one way or other Teachers:  very few approach students with idea  more likely to suggest to students of low ability  Influence very low

14 14 Parents highest education level (%) MothersFathers ApprenticesStudentsApprenticesStudents University degree of higher12.325.07.924.6 TAFE/VET diploma or advanced diploma13.510.09.67.5 Trade Certificate5.313.635.526.7 Year 12 or equivalent17.713.39.210.2 Year 11 or equivalent23.411.88.77.1 Year 10 or equivalent13.69.812.57.7 Year 9 or lower6. Other 0.1 Never attended school1. Don’t know4. Not reported3. Total100.0

15 15 Occupations of parents (%) MothersFathers ApprenticeStudentApprenticeStudent Managers & Administrators5.91.010.810.5 Professionals17.422.79.317.5 Technicians & associate professionals11.87.69.811.6 Tradesperson & related workers3. Advanced clerical, sales & service workers6. Intermediate clerical, sales & service workers19. Intermediate production & transport workers1. Elementary clerical, sales and service workers6. Labourers & related workers7. Other* Unemployed 1.0 1.2 Not reported8.621.05.617.8 Total100.010.0100.0

16 16 Measuring the impact  logistic regression  No  yes, maybe, have not thought about it  parents’ occupational background  father’s occupation  mother’s occupation if father’s occupation is missing  parents’ educational background  mother’s education  father’s education if mother’s occupation is missing  cognitive ability (TER, ratings of ability)  gender  school level

17 17 Factors from regression model  modest effects of parental occupation  managers, administrators and professionals most likely to reject  intermediate and elementary skill level occupations least likely to reject  modest effect of parental education  TAFE and VET diploma and advanced diploma and year 12 most likely to reject  Trade certificate least likely to reject  strong effect of cognitive ability  : high achievers say NO  country students least likely to reject  year 12 most likely to reject

18 18 Would you recommend it to your friends and relatives considering what to do?  YES – 74.4%  Continuous and stable employment  Short and long-term benefits  Intrinsic rewards  Career establishment and progression  Knowledge skills and experience  NO – 16.4%  More money available in other jobs  YES and NO – 6.6%  depends on ability and commitment of individual

19 19 Apprentice intentions to stay in the industry (%) First preference Second preference Third preference or lower Work in the trade58.651.649.5 Start my own business in the trade 14.616.610.3 Continue with the trade and do more studies 18.923.627.1 Get a job in a non- related area 6.4 10.3 Undertake full-time further education and training Total No55015797 Total %100.0 Source: Apprentice survey Note: 33 apprentices did not respond to the question

20 20 Suggestions for attracting more apprentices No.% of cases % of all responses Increase pay60177.565.1 Increase promotion of benefits23330.125.2 Improve training17823.019.3 Increase incentives for apprentices15419.916.7 Improve conditions13617.514.7 Shorten duration8110.76.0 Create more jobs557.28.8 Improve support, treatment and respect435.74.7 Miscellaneous suggestions314.03.4 Unsure121.61.3 100.0

21 21 Key messages FindingSuggested action Intrinsic interest is key motivator Introduce young children to activities of different trades at young age High ability Focus mostly on those not bound for university, but inform university bound students of options 1/3 of year 12s go on to apprenticeshipsPromote trades to all year levels Lack of adequate and current school knowledge about trades Improve information for teachers and counsellors Inadequate payReview training wage? Apprentices satisfied with learning, experience and future benefits Promote these positive experiences at schools

22 22 More  html html

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