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Social Change in Western Australia Growing bigger and more unequal.

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Presentation on theme: "Social Change in Western Australia Growing bigger and more unequal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Social Change in Western Australia Growing bigger and more unequal

2 Some headline changes Increased population Urban expansion Pressure on key services & infrastructure Growing average incomes Increased cost of living? Heavy reliance on mining & resource sectors But also……

3 Some downsides Urban sprawl – cost, isolation, health effects; “Fly-in”, “fly-out” life style – affects families; Services unable to keep up; Increased housing costs – steady decline in social housing/ affordable housing; Environmental degradation; Growing inequality; Poverty levels not declining; And some shifts in community attitudes?

4 4 How much richer are the richest 20% than the poorest 20%? Source: Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level (2009) 4

5 Australia Distribution of Household Wealth and Household Disposable Income by Decile 5

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8 Actual, Estimated and Ideal Wealth Distribution by Quintile: Australia 8

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11 11 Health and Social Problems are Worse in More Unequal Countries Index of: Life expectancy Math & Literacy Infant mortality Homicides Imprisonment Teenage births Trust Obesity Mental illness – incl. drug & alcohol addiction Social mobility Source: Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level (2009)

12 12 The Prevalence of Mental Illness is Higher in More Unequal Rich Countries Source: Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level (2009)

13 13 Drug Use is More Common in More Unequal Countries Source: Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level (2009) Index of use of: opiates, cocaine, cannabis, ecstasy, amphetamines

14 14 Rates of Imprisonment are Higher in More Unequal Countries Source: Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level (2009)

15 15 Child Well-being is Better in More Equal Rich Countries Source: Wilkinson & Pickett, The Spirit Level (2009)

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21 Impact of socio-economic status on reading outcomes (percentage of variance in reading score explained by ESCS) 21

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23 Impact of disadvantage on performance – socioeconomic status 17

24 Cognitive Score: Socioeconomic status more important than starting point High Cognitive Score at 22 months Low Cognitive Score at 22 months Child’s age (years) Cognitive score percentile position at each age (I Feinstein. Inequality in cognitive development British Births. Economica 2003; 70: 3-97) (from The Marmot Review 2010)


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