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Fire Ants. This PowerPoint is for informational purposes only. If you are required to do Fire Ant Training as part of your Approved Risk Management Plan,

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Presentation on theme: "Fire Ants. This PowerPoint is for informational purposes only. If you are required to do Fire Ant Training as part of your Approved Risk Management Plan,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Fire Ants

2 This PowerPoint is for informational purposes only. If you are required to do Fire Ant Training as part of your Approved Risk Management Plan, please contact 13 25 23 or visit our website to make a booking Attending Fire ant training conducted by a Biosecurity Queensland officer enables you to conduct on-site monitoring: –before commencing a job in the Fire Ant Restricted Area –follow up surveillance every 28 days Disclaimer

3 Invasive pest from South America..Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Aggressive invaders that swarm and attack when disturbed First reported in February 2001 at Port of Brisbane & Wacol/Richlands Probably been here up to 25 years before they were first reported What are they?

4 Program Overview Please click here to viewclick here National Fire Ant Eradication Program video

5 Fire ant nests have no visible entry/exit holes Nest structure

6 Various shapes and sizes

7 Soft sifted soil, usually mound shaped but can be found under objects that retain heat Nest structure Photo from Texas A&M University

8 Nest disturbance

9 Move nests readily if disturbed Wind assisted flights of mated queens Hundreds of km per year if human assisted Photo form Texas A & M University Soil (includes: fill, clay, overburden, scrapings, topsoil, decomposed granite (deco) and any other material from the ground) Mulch Manure Bark Hay Pot plants/potting media Turf Sleepers/Logs Gravels Poultry Litter Restricted items

10 Swarm and attack when disturbed Coppery-brown colour with a darker abdomen Various sizes between 2-6mm, all sizes would be present within the one nest Photo from Texas A & M University Fire ant recognition

11 Fire ant stings after 48 hours Fire ant stings after 1 week Fire ant stings cause a burning sensation (hence the name ‘fire ants’) Multiple stings from multiple ants Stings are painful and can form blisters that can take weeks to heal The more frequently you get stung the more severe your reactions Fire ant stings after 5 mins Lesion development

12 Anaphalaxis Insert link to anaphalaxis video

13 In the United States, 14 million people are stung annually and there have been more than 100 reported deaths from anaphylactic shock Secondary infection from fire ant stings. alexanderwild.com Photo from Texas A&M University About the sting Photo: Dr Craig Allen Texas A&M University

14 Wildlife and ecosystems effected seed damage alters plant distribution reduces other insect populations – domino effect endangered species impacted prevents wildlife getting near water Herron chickCricket Fire ants attacking a baby turtle Environmental Texas A & M University

15 Animals: death, blindness & dehydration reduced nutrition & quality fire ants can kill young calves and feed on dead stock Photo from Texas A & M University Crops: 57 commercial crops attacked in U.S damage to seeds, roots, stems, fruit & equipment deters hand labour Texas A & M University Sorghum seeds Agricultural

16 Surveillance

17 If you suspect a nest as being fire ants report it to Biosecurity Queensland on 13 25 23 What happens next? No restricted items are to be moved off site until nest inspected by Biosecurity Queensland staff Sample taken, if confirmed as fire ants they’ll be treated If site is infested, additional movement controls may apply Suspect ants

18 Restricted Area Please click here and follow the links to view theclick here Fire Ant Restricted Area map (South East Queensland) Fire Ant Restricted Area map (Gladstone) List of suburbs found within the high and low risk restricted areas (South east Queensland) For nurseries and organisations wishing to move plants interstate please view the Interstate Plant Quarantine map (South East Queensland) view the Interstate Plant Quarantine map (Gladstone)

19 Restricted items The restricted area is divided into two zones High risk area (red)Low risk area (orange) Soil* (includes: fill, clay, overburden, scrapings, topsoil, decomposed granite (deco) and any other material from the ground). Mulch Manure Bark Hay Pot plants Turf Potting media Sleeper/logs Gravels Poultry litter Movement of restricted items requires an Approved Risk Management Plan (ARMP). The requirements of your Approved Risk Management Plan (ARMP) must be followed to move these items off-site. Movement of restricted items outside the restricted area requires an Approved Risk Management Plan (ARMP). Movement of restricted items is allowed within the restricted area. The requirements of your Approved Risk Management Plan (ARMP) must be followed to move these items outside the restricted area. *Any soil will require an inspector’s approval before moving outside the restricted area. Industry Different rules apply for residence, please refer herehere

20 Fire Ants are a ‘notifiable pest’ under the Plant Protection Act 1989 Under the Plant Protection Act 1989, and its associated Regulations, penalties apply: Up to $22,770 for providing false or misleading information Up to $227,700 for individuals and Up to $1,138,500 for corporations moving live fire ants or breaching the control regulations Penalties

21 Resources For additional resources please visit www.daff.qld.gov.au/fireants or call 13 25 23


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