Presentation on theme: "Future of Central Victoria: Challenges and Opportunities Trevor Budge - Associate Professor Community Planning and Development Program, Bendigo Campus."— Presentation transcript:
Future of Central Victoria: Challenges and Opportunities Trevor Budge - Associate Professor Community Planning and Development Program, Bendigo Campus Goldfields Local Learning and Education Network 29 May, 2012
Themes Population growth, economic development and the job opportunities and benefits that derive from them are unevenly distributed across the region. Many people, especially in smaller towns and rural areas, have a high dependency on accessing services and facilities distant from where they live. Others across the region lack mobility or access to private transport and IT and communications.
Themes Many of the traditional strengths of the region ( e.g. agriculture and manufacturing ) can no longer be relied upon to the same extent to provide an assured and stable base for future growth, investment and prosperity. Large parts of the region and its population are (too) dependent on or heavily reliant on their proximity to Bendigo or Melbourne for work, goods and other services
Themes The range of housing options available across the region, and the forms of new housing that is dominating the supply of new housing, is not matched to the current and projected needs of many households and the majority of future households. Transport demands, requirements and access across the region are growing, access for the region's residents, especially those in more remote areas is critical.
Themes Population Growth High – but uneven Large parts of region are peri-urban – complex agenda Higher Education and Vocational Training – the strength of the region's existing system - not capitalised on Employment Clusters in Banking, Health, Education, the Arts – region needs to use this to its advantage Compact Region with a strong spine – service links to hubs are often weak
Themes Health Services and Provision – strong but new models of provision needed – take advantage of IT Energy – capacity to generate in region is strong Water – stronger planning, coordination and capacity to reuse needed Areas of Highly Productive Land – need to protect and take greater advantage Tourism – strong base and access to Melbourne and airport but depth of product lacking Manufacturing – potential is still high?
Themes Improving inter and intra regional connectivity, both actual transport facilities and services and IT communications and access to high speed broadband, Better management of the needs of a growing population base and the changing demographic structure particularly the ageing of the population, Facilitating job generation and investment that better capitalises on the region's strengths in health and the education and training system
Themes Utilising the existing infrastructure and facilities in existing cities and towns - Building a stronger degree of self-reliance in the region’s communities through a better integration and delivery of services. Building the capacity and liveability of smaller cities and towns, Capitalise on the existing facilities in the network of cities and towns by investing in infrastructure eg sewerage Expand accessibility to key services available to persons in smaller cities and towns and rural areas
Themes Better integrate workforce planning into the education and training system Strengthen the region’s capacity to be more self reliant in terms of energy and water, and integrate planning for water with population growth and a settlement hierarchy and network Lift the region's tourism and liveabilty profile
In contrast “MELBOURNE's ethnic diversity, social cohesion and love of the arts have helped it win the Most Admired Knowledge City award. It recognises Melbourne's progress in moving from traditional manufacturing to more sustainable knowledge-based industries, such as biotechnology, education, design and communications. Melbourne's win over other finalists such as Barcelona and Singapore was announced yesterday at the Knowledge Cities World Summit in Melbourne.”
Seven Critical Factors -Influences 1.What will the baby boomers do? 2.Will the communities of the Region be just commuters 3.Housing affordability – will it be the driver? 4.How many jobs and what sort are generated in the urban growth corridor along the Calder road and rail corridor 5.What about the rural area – a lifestyle setting? 6.Capacity of each of the towns to retain and build their own identity – against the forces of sameness 7.Will movement along the corridor become two way?
Figure 21. Networked cities This map depicts conceptually the networks between Melbourne and the regional centres of Geelong, Ballarat, Bendigo, Seymour and Traralgon. [close window]
Commuting and Lifestyle Factors driving growth Lifestyle choices – heritage, landscapes Different housing options Corporatisation of jobs - contracts Salary packages including a car Less attachment to the place where the job is Retirements or pre-retirement shift
New Residents Emphasis on Quality Lifestyle and Environment Looking for Qualities not readily available in other locations Places that ‘look after their community’ and value what they have are seen as attractive New residents look beyond the metro to provide Attractions that cannot be found in the city but access to the city is important
Characteristics of the New Residents High profile, affluent, boutique, Few ‘real’ farmers, Tourism/recreation strong – changing the character ̶Dominated by growing ‘new’ population who are ̶demanding and articulate about services, ̶health and environment conscious, ̶IT connected or expect to be ̶prepared to commute long distances – but for how long ̶wanting to live in lively trendy places and vibrant regions, and hold their social, family and cultural links to other places ̶making decisions on location based on a complex range of lifestyle quality factors ̶They may be more likely to find that package of attributes in a town or rural setting
Having a sense of place ‘genuine communities recognise their unique qualities, understand their natural environments, celebrate their unique histories, foster artistic impulses, emphasize locally owned businesses, encourage participation, facilitate active lifestyles and strive to include people of different ethnicity, age, gender and income.’ Native to Nowhere - Sustaining Home and Community in a Global Age - Timothy Beatley
Generalized Housing/Lifestyle Choices Affordable housing package Heritage character neighborhood – Conventional neighborhood housing – ‘New urbanism’ estate – New contemporary build – Rural residential – hobby farm Quaint village – Heritage character village - Rural setting and views - trendy - Lower cost – new facilities - Alternative lifestyle – Which ones can the Shire Offer?
Core Features of Towns Quality of key services and facilities The number of quality shops meeting local and lifestyle needs Housing options – ageing population Quality walking trails, libraries, fitness and activity centres Long term commitment to quality environmental settings
Five Key Trends 1.Population growth leads jobs 2.Amenity leads locational choices for households 3.Locational choices increasingly driven by baby boomer decisions 4.Baby boomer decisions driven by new values 5.New values emphasize lifestyle, community and quality of life which includes stronger environmental values Towns have great capacity to capitalise on these trends and forces
Critical Trends and Forces GROWTH - Population growth of towns and their hinterlands CHOICE - For the first time large numbers of people can choose where they live – population is now highly mobile COMMUTING - Long distance travel for work is a realistic option ACCESS - The role of out IT, broadband and mobile phones provides increasing options for work and home location
Critical Trends and Forces TRANSPORT - Much better regional transport services AGEING AND SAVINGS - Large numbers of people haven't got enough retirement savings so they will need to cash in their home – towns provide an option LIVEABILITY - Increasing attraction of high amenity lifestyle towns and rural areas, coinciding with a rejection of aspects of metropolitan living
Metropolitan Policy Agendas (Excessive) Population Growth Congestion – Costs and Functioning Sprawl – Consumption of Land – Lack of Community Facilities and Employment – Travel Distances Problems with Public Transport and Lack of Investment Housing Supply, Access and Affordability Liveability – Increasing Concern Climate Change – Sustainable Urban Forms IF YOU REPLICATE THE METRO PROBLEM LIST – WHAT HAVE YOU GOT LEFT TO OFFER?
Ten trends and forces that are making a difference – not necessarily in this order Their impact is incremental and cumulative and they affect different towns and places in different ways
Ten forces and trends 1.The nexus between where you live and work is broken for many people 2.For the first time in history large numbers of people can choose where they live 3.Commuting long distances for work is an option for a growing number of people 4.For the first time in history large numbers of people can choose how they work 5.The role of out IT, broadband and mobile phones provides increasing options for work and location
Ten forces and trends 6. Much better regional transport services will make a huge difference 7. Large numbers of people haven't got enough retirement savings so they will need to cash in their home 8. Increasing number of second homes - many of which will become the primary dwelling 9. Increasing attraction of high amenity rural lifestyle areas 10. Rejection of aspects of metropolitan living
Data Reflection and Observation Speculation Shaping a Future Evidence Data – Statistics – Analysis – Knowledge - Wisdom
There are Lies, Damned Lies ….. and Statistics
Reliance on statistics leads some communities (in the US) to exaggerate their importance
What have been the key changes in the last 20 + years? Assists us to understand the possible dimensions of change over the next 20 + years
The Big Picture Understanding the big forces that are driving changes Placing your issue/problem in the context of trends, forces, external impacts and the repositioning of places, ideas, topics Avoiding the view that everything is the linear extension of what went before Consider the power of one off events to change the ground rules
What have been some of the key demographic changes in our region in the last 20 + years? Population growth Gradual or dramatic transformation of towns and many rural areas Some cities and towns have substantially changed their role(s) Population profile changing eg Access to Melbourne, liveability and affordability have proven to be major drivers Towns and rural areas have a different feel – suburban? peri- urban? rural? heritage? aspirational? affordable? community? The towns are network that offers diversity opportunities and options
Commuting (Melbourne) % of LF Under 5% 5%-10% 10%-20% 20%-50% Over 50%
Commuting (Bendigo) % of LF Under 5% 5%-10% 10%-20% 20%-50% Over 50%
Population Change (Average Annual) Loss 0-1.2% >1.2%
Population Change (Average Annual) Loss 0-1.2% >1.2%
Net Population Movement (15-25years) Net Gain Balance Net Loss (Balance includes +20 to -20 net movements)
Population Change: Urban Centres
Victoria’s annual population growth, New method for estimating Net Overseas Migration introduced in June 2006 Based on December population estimates
Projected growth of population and households, regional Victoria, , ,000
Unemployment and overseas migration, Australia,
Projected change of age structure, regional Victoria, 2006 & 2036
Baby Boomers % of Australian Population 41.8% of Australian Workforce 27.2% of Capital Cities 41.4% of Labour Force of Capitals
Baby Boomers 2006 (cont.) 28.2% of Non-metropolitan Areas 45.2% of Labour Force of Non- metropolitan Areas 26.8% of Mid Sized Cities 42.1% of Mid Sized City Labour Force