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IN THE NAME OF GOD.

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Presentation on theme: "IN THE NAME OF GOD."— Presentation transcript:

1 IN THE NAME OF GOD

2 TERMİNOLOJY

3 Posterior-distal-flexion
flexoris hallucis longus

4 ANATOMY Anatome Ana tome Ana within-inside tome cut

5 ANATOMY: 2-Developmental anatomy: (Embryology) 3-Macroscopic anatomy:
1-Microscopic anatomy: (Histology) 2-Developmental anatomy: (Embryology) 3-Macroscopic anatomy: A-Systemic anatomy B-Regional anatomy

6 Division of body: 1-Head & neck 2-Trunk: A-Thorax B-Abdomen C-Pelvic 3-Limbs: A-Upper limb B-lower limb

7 Anatomical position: Erect position Face: forward Upper limb: sides palm: foreward

8 Supine Position

9 Prone Position

10 Planes of body: Coronal plane:(Ant & Post) Sagital plane:(Rt & Lt)
Mid sagital plane(mid line) Coronal plane:(Ant & Post) Transverse plane or horizontal: (Sup & Inf)

11 Mid sagital plane Sagital plane

12 Coronal plane Transverse plane

13

14 Sagital plane Transverse plane Coronal plane

15 Axises

16 Vertical axis -longitudinalis

17 Transvers axis

18 Sagital axis

19 Terminology. Superior-Inferior. Anterior-Posterior
Terminology *Superior-Inferior *Anterior-Posterior *Cranial(Cephalic)-Caudal *Proximal-Distal *Medial-Laterol *Superficial-profundus(Deep)

20 Viseral-Parietal. Apex(Apical)-Base(Basal). Rt(Dexter)-Lt(Sinester)
*Viseral-Parietal *Apex(Apical)-Base(Basal) *Rt(Dexter)-Lt(Sinester) *Plantar-Palmar *Dorsal-Ventral *Internal-External *Central-Pripheral

21 cranialis superior inferior caudalis

22 posterior dorsalis sinister dexter

23 ventral anterior medial lateral

24 profundus external superficial internal

25 proximal distal

26 Body cavities: Dorsal cavity: A-Cranial cavity:(Brain) Ventral cavity:
B-Spinal cavity(spinal canal) Ventral cavity: A-Thorasic cavity(pleural cavity & mediastinum) B-Abd. Cavity C-Pelvic cavity

27

28 Body movements Flexion-Extension Abduction-Adduction
Elevation-Depression Protraction-Retraction Plantar.flexion-Dorsi.flexion Rotation(Med.Rot-Lat.Rot) Pronation-supination Inversion-Eversion

29 abduction adduction

30

31 flexion extention

32

33 supination pronation

34 dorsiflexion plantarflexion

35

36 evertion invertion

37

38

39 Skeletal System Skeleton in vertebrates is divided into two major regions Axial skeleton-skull, vertebrae, ribs and sternum Appendicular skeleton-pectoral girdle and forelimbs; pelvic girdle and hind limbs Skeletal parts held together by Ligaments Muscles attached to bone by Tendons

40 Skull 22 Ossicle of middle ear 6 Vertebral column 26 Sternum 1 Ribs 24 Hyoid bone 1 Upper limb 64 Lower limb 62 ….. 206

41 The kinds of bone -Long bone -Short bone -Flat bone -Irregular bone -Sesamoid bone

42 Long bone

43 Flat bone

44 Short bone

45 Irregular bone

46 Sesamoid bone

47 Osteology. process زائده. Condyle لقمه. Epicondyle برجستگی فوق لقمه ای
Osteology *process زائده *Condyle لقمه *Epicondyle برجستگی فوق لقمه ای *spine خار *Ramus شاخه *Tuberosity برجستگی *Tubercle تکمه *Trochanter زائده پهن و تخت(در ران) *Trochlear قرقره

48 apex lamina ramus basis

49 capitulum caput

50 crista rostrum ala corpus

51 Margin(border) کنار. Angle زاویه. Notch(insisura) بریدگی
Margin(border) کنار *Angle زاویه *Notch(insisura) بریدگی *Fissure شکاف(ترک) *Line خط *Crest ستیغ *Sulcus(groove) شیار *Canal(meatus) مجرا

52 Foramen سوراخ. Fossa حفره. Fovea فرو رفتگی خیلی کوچک
*Foramen سوراخ *Fossa حفره *Fovea فرو رفتگی خیلی کوچک *Cavity حفره بزرگ و عمیق *Sinus فرورفتگی یا حفره در یک استخوان *Facet رویه(سطح) *Head سر *Neck گردن

53 Thanks for your attention


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