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IN THE NAME OF GOD. TERMİNOLOJY Posterior-distal-flexion flexoris hallucis longus.

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Presentation on theme: "IN THE NAME OF GOD. TERMİNOLOJY Posterior-distal-flexion flexoris hallucis longus."— Presentation transcript:

1 IN THE NAME OF GOD

2 TERMİNOLOJY

3 Posterior-distal-flexion flexoris hallucis longus

4 ANATOMY Anatome Ana - tome Ana within-inside tome cut

5 ANATOMY: 1-Microscopic anatomy: (Histology) 2-Developmental anatomy: (Embryology) 3-Macroscopic anatomy: A-Systemic anatomy B-Regional anatomy

6 Division of body: 1-Head & neck 2-Trunk: A-Thorax B-Abdomen C-Pelvic 3-Limbs: A-Upper limb B-lower limb

7 Anatomical position: Erect position Face: forward Upper limb: sides palm: foreward

8 Supine Position

9 Prone Position

10 Planes of body: Sagital plane :( Rt & Lt ) Mid sagital plane( mid line ) Coronal plane :( Ant & Post ) Transverse plane or horizontal: ( Sup & Inf )

11 Sagital plane Mid sagital plane

12 Coronal planeTransverse plane

13

14 Sagital plane Transverse plane Coronal plane

15 Axises

16 Vertical axis -longitudinalis

17 Transvers axis

18 Sagital axis

19 Terminology *Superior-Inferior *Anterior-Posterior *Cranial(Cephalic)-Caudal *Proximal-Distal *Medial-Laterol *Superficial-profundus(Deep)

20 * Viseral-Parietal *Apex(Apical)-Base(Basal) *Rt(Dexter)-Lt(Sinester) *Plantar-Palmar *Dorsal-Ventral *Internal-External *Central-Pripheral

21 cranialis superior caudalis inferior

22 dorsalis posterior dexter sinister

23 ventral anterior medial lateral

24 superficial profundus external internal

25 proximal distal

26 Body cavities: Dorsal cavity: A-Cranial cavity :(Brain) B-Spinal cavity (spinal canal) Ventral cavity: A-Thorasic cavity (pleural cavity & mediastinum) B-Abd. Cavity C-Pelvic cavity

27

28 Body movements Flexion-Extension Abduction-Adduction Elevation-Depression Protraction-Retraction Plantar.flexion-Dorsi.flexion Rotation(Med.Rot-Lat.Rot) Pronation-supination Inversion-Eversion

29 abduction adduction

30

31 flexion extention

32

33 pronation supination

34 plantarflexion dorsiflexion

35

36 evertion invertion

37

38

39 Skeleton in vertebrates is divided into two major regions Axial skeleton-skull, vertebrae, ribs and sternum Appendicular skeleton- pectoral girdle and forelimbs; pelvic girdle and hind limbs Skeletal parts held together by Ligaments Muscles attached to bone by Tendons Skeletal System

40 Skull 22 Ossicle of middle ear 6 Vertebral column 26 Sternum 1 Ribs 24 Hyoid bone 1 Upper limb 64 Lower limb 62 ….. 206

41 The kinds of bone -Long bone -Short bone -Flat bone -Irregular bone -Sesamoid bone

42 Long bone

43 Flat bone

44 Short bone

45 Irregular bone

46 Sesamoid bone

47 Osteology *process زائده *Condyle لقمه *Epicondyle برجستگی فوق لقمه ای *spine خار *Ramus شاخه *Tuberosity برجستگی *Tubercle تکمه *Trochanter زائده پهن و تخت(در ران) *Trochlear قرقره

48 apex basis lamina ramus

49 caput capitulum

50 corpus crista ala rostrum

51 Margin(border) کنار *Angle زاویه *Notch(insisura) بریدگی *Fissure شکاف(ترک) *Line خط *Crest ستیغ *Sulcus(groove) شیار *Canal(meatus) مجرا

52 *Foramen سوراخ *Fossa حفره *Fovea فرو رفتگی خیلی کوچک *Cavity حفره بزرگ و عمیق *Sinus فرورفتگی یا حفره در یک استخوان *Facet رویه(سطح) *Head سر *Neck گردن

53 Thanks for your attention


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