Presentation on theme: "The Policies relating to Right To Housing Samiul (ASK) & Rito (BLAST) Presentation On."— Presentation transcript:
The Policies relating to Right To Housing Samiul (ASK) & Rito (BLAST) Presentation On
Right to Adequate Housing- The human right to housing is the right to live in adequate shelter in security, peace, and dignity. The right to housing is integrally linked to other human rights. Without a right to housing, many other basic human rights will be compromised.
Factors Determining Adequacy legal security of tenure, including protection against forced eviction; availability of services, materials, facilities and infrastructure affordability, habitability, accessibility location, Cultural Adequacy
Right to Housing is guaranteed under- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) The International Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) The International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) General Comments -4 and 7
Commitment of Bangladesh- Article-11 of The Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh Article 15 (a) of The Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh Article 32 (a) of The Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh The 1999 National Housing Policy prepared by the Ministry of Land has further recommended Draft National Housing Policy, 2008 Draft Urban Sector Policy, 2011
Commitment of Bangladesh- The 1999 National Housing Policy prepared by the Ministry of Land has recommended: to increase availability of rods and other basic infrastructure for populations of different income levels, particularly the poor; to facilitate the purchase of land by the poor in locations which are near the place of work and where communication is easy and inexpensive: to set up “urban land banks” on khas land, banks of dry rivers; to set up a system for easy loans through family or community savings, to remove barriers for housing, mainly for poor thorough non- formal micro-credit schemes
Commitment of Bangladesh- The 1999 National Housing Policy prepared by the Ministry of Land has recommended: to arrange housing credit programs through public and private sector. to develop housing for authorized urban settler in their present location, and if their land is needed for other purposes, to relocate them elsewhere; to provide drinking water, sanitation, and welfare services; to promote participation of residents in maintaining community facilities, social, physical infrastructure; to facilitate provision of sanitation, water and night shelters for pavement dwellers and the homeless.
National Housing Policy,2008(Draft) Objectives of draft National Housing Policy, 2008: A.To provide the political, economic, environmental, technical, moral and spiritual guidance for suitable Housing and sustainable human settlement development for all; B.To harmonize provisions of this regard provided by the United Nations Charter, international laws, national constitutions and other key provisions of various instruments; C.To elevate all human rights, fundamental freedoms and the right to housing and other development showing respect for historical, cultural and religious backgrounds;
National Housing Policy, 2008(Draft) Objectives of Draft National Housing Policy, 2008: D.To apply Habitat Agenda harmonizing with the national laws, development priorities and policies without humiliating the religious and cultural dogma and values, cultural background, beliefs and rights of individuals and groups; E.To ensure all types of human rights in accordance with the United Nations and other international charters, the National Constitution and laws in order to- 1.ensure everyone's equal right to access to the opportunities of housing, health, food and education regardless of Race, religion, color, language, doctrine.
National Housing Policy, 2008 (Draft) Objectives of draft National Housing Policy, 2008: 2. eliminate Poverty to develop sustainable human settlement. 3.ensure Economic growth, social development, environmental protection, balanced distribution of settlement, fair use of resources, biological diversity, welfare and rights of present and future generations. 4.develop quality of life on the basis of Social, economic, environmental and cultural resources, features of rural and urban materials and ranges, style and beauty, the type of land use, land and the density of population, communication system, opportunity of housing and benefits of the citizens. 5.preserve buildings and the areas of historical, religious, spiritual and architectural importance, natural beauty and environment.
National Housing Policy, 2008 (Draft) Objectives of Draft National Housing Policy, 2008: 6.recognize and strengthen the position of family as the basic unit of the society. 7.ensure appropriate housing and basic services and facilities for everyone through the participation and involvement of Public, private, voluntary and area-based organizations, cooperatives, NGO, individuals and groups. 8.express solidarity with the basic needs of the backward, neglected and endangered populations. 9.initiate separate program to provide housing opportunities for working women.
The provisions of the policy to achieve those goals: The government will gradually transfer housing program to the private sector from the public sector for the planned development of the housing sector under the responsibility of People and private organizations and will provide support to strengthen private initiatives. The government will increase lawful ownership, availability and purchasing capacity of lands giving priority to the women, children, women lead family, socially neglected, vulnerable, sick and the deprived, poor and homeless people. The government will provide land in the appropriate places among low-income groups by giving subsidy if necessary.
The provisions of the policy to achieve goals: The government will prevent unauthorized construction, land grabbing and building-up unhealthy residents, develop standards of the environment of already build- up slums and, in potential grounds, rehabilitate the inhabitants. The government will reduce housing demand created for immigration by increasing more employment opportunity, availability of necessary goods, housing and services in the rural area. The government will coordinate the housing, communication facilities, environmental and social benefits of urban and rural planning and management.
The provisions of the policy to achieve goals: The government will inspire the Co-operative Associations, non-profit organizations, private promoter giving various facilities for the development of land, infrastructural development and house-building for the people of limited income. The government will make land administration, revenue collection, land surveying, land transfer and land registration system modern and convenient. The government will ensure safe drinking water, drainage and other basic facilities for all levels of people especially for the poor, women, disadvantaged and endangered groups.
Major Dimensions of The Policy b¨vkbvj Avievb †m±i cwjwm cÖYq‡bi mgq `ªƒZ bMivq‡bi d‡j m„ó P¨v‡jÄmg~‡ni djcÖmy †gvKv‡ejv Ges D‡jwLZ j¶¨mg~n c~i‡Yi Rb¨ wbæwjwLM welq¸‡jv‡K cÖvavb¨ †`qv n‡q‡Q| (‡gvU 21wU wel‡qi g‡a¨ wbæwjwLZ welq¸‡jv we‡klfv‡e weeP¨) Urban Land Management Urban Housing Urban poverty and slum improvement; Urban Transportation; Health and Education; Cultural and aesthetic Law and Order
Projects taken by Bangladesh to provide Shelter Ghore Phera (Back to Home) Programme The Asrayan (Shelter) Project The Adarsha Gram prokolpo (Ideal Village Project) Rehabilitation Project for 2600 shelter less family of Vasantek, Mirpur, Dhaka Rehabilitation Project for shelter less family in Dattapara, Tongi Proposed Construction of 1,00,000 flats for Rural Poor and Slum Dwellers of Bangladesh