Presentation on theme: "Goal 1.05 Identify the major domestic problems of the nation under the Articles of Confederation (A of C) and assess the extent to which they were resolved."— Presentation transcript:
1 Goal Identify the major domestic problems of the nation under the Articles of Confederation (A of C) and assess the extent to which they were resolved by the new Constitution
2 The Articles of Confederation Characteristics of the Articles, a weak central government9 of 13 votes needed to pass a lawno power to enforce laws13 of 13 to amendno militaryno power to taxunicameral, one branch, weak, central governmentcould not regulate trade
3 The Articles of Confederation The advantages / the achievements of a weak central governmentTreaty of Paris 1783ended the Revolutionary War, gave land to the USLand Ordinance of 1785organized the new territory for settlementone section was set aside for public educationNorthwest Ordinance 1787provided a way for the territories to become = states
4 The Articles of Confederation specifics of the Land Ordinance 1785
5 The Road to the Constitution of 1787, the Constitutional Convention Shays’s Rebelliona Massachusetts farmer, Daniel Shays, led farmers who were unable to pay their mortgages on a march to an arsenal to get weapons to prevent courts from holding session and taking their farms away.the Massachusetts militia was eventually able to put down the rebellionthe central government, the A of C, was powerlessmany leaders decided to call a convention to rewrite the Article of Confederation to give the central gov’t power
7 The Road to the Constitution of 1787, the Constitutional Convention at the convention, competing plans were suggested and compromises neededthe Virginia Plana bicameral legislature, based on populationthe New Jersey Plana unicameral legislature, based on equalitythe Great Compromise / Connecticut Plana bicameral legislature, the upper house based on equality and the lower house based on population
8 The Road to the Constitution of 1787, the Constitutional Convention 3/5s Compromisea slave counts as 3/5s a person for tax and for representation purposes (for the House of Representatives)the Commerce and Slave Trade Compromisethe slave trade will continue until 1808Congress can regulate interstate and foreign tradeElectoral College –President elected indirectly by electors from each state.Each state has a number of electoral votes based on their number of Senators and Representatives combined and most states operate on the winner take all principle.Winner Take All Principle: Whomever wins the popular vote in that state gets ALL of that states electoral votes.The 23rd amendment gave electoral votes to Washington D.C.
9 The Road to the Constitution of 1787, the Constitutional Convention the major problems of the Articles of Confederation included deciding how much power a central government would have and how to deal with the new landthe new land was dealt with effectivelythe power of a central government proved too weak and the Constitutional Convention and its compromises created a new, more powerful gov’topposing leaders will demand a Bill of Rights
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.