Presentation on theme: "Gujarat Institute of Amateur Radio Gandhinagar Block No.64/1,Gh-type, Sector-23, Gandhinagar-382 023 Phone No. 23 23 73 88 Visit: www."— Presentation transcript:
Gujarat Institute of Amateur Radio Gandhinagar Block No.64/1,Gh-type, Sector-23, Gandhinagar-382 023 Phone No. 23 23 73 88 firstname.lastname@example.org Visit: www. giar.org
Disaster Management and HAM Radio
In any disaster…. Communication is the first casualty
Let us look at the recent Disaster…….
26 th December, 2004 Indian Ocean
Tsunami hits the land An undersea earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC (07:58:53 local time)An undersea earthquake occurred at 00:58:53 UTC (07:58:53 local time) At a magnitude of 8.9, the earthquake generated a tsunami that was among the deadliest disasters in modern history.At a magnitude of 8.9, the earthquake generated a tsunami that was among the deadliest disasters in modern history.
On 26 th January, 2001 8:43 A.M.
At 08:46 AM…… The Kachchh District of Gujarat was hit by an earthquake of intensity 6.9 on Richter scale according to IMD.The Kachchh District of Gujarat was hit by an earthquake of intensity 6.9 on Richter scale according to IMD. One of the worst earthquake occurred in the country during the last 180 years.One of the worst earthquake occurred in the country during the last 180 years.
And there was Telecommunication black-out… The earthquake had destroyed or severely damaged 147 Telephone Exchanges. The STD circuits, fibber cables and STD services were disrupted. Total 1 lakh telephone connections in exchanges were not functioning. Optical fibber cable and copper cables were broken at innumerable places due to building collapse and falling debris.
Ham community came to Rescue
Only HAM Worked Morbi -1979 Machhu Dam Burst Communications Blackout
During 1982-83 Amreli Cyclone and Porbandar Flood n Only means of communication was HAM Radio
Kandala cyclone - 1998 n Only HAMs could make communication to reach the areas of Operation
2005 Tsunami n Established HF and VHF link for Naval Air Base Station. n Helped locating 60 missing people. n Helped some people to communicate with their family members. n Helped Resource Mobilization in absence of sufficient manpower.
What is HAM Radio n It is a scientific hobby like pen- friends. n HAM Radio is an wireless equipment, while operator is known as HAM.
It is the hobby of two way radio communication (distinct from broadcast or commercial radio) mainly with a view to encourage experimentation and intercommunication with other amateurs on a personal basis.
DEFINITION n Defined by international convention: A service of self-training, intercommunication and technical investigation by duly authorised persons interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without pecuniary interest.
Is HAM an acronym ?
NO Word made taking first letter of the names of three SCIENTIEST pioneer in this field H ertz, A ngstrom and M arcony H elp A ll M ankind
How to become a HAM ?
ELIGIBILITY CITIZEN OF INDIA AGE NOT LESS THAN 14 YEARS QUALIFYING EXAMINATION(S) ( Minimum qualification ?)
EXAMINATION DETAILS n WRITTEN TEST Part-A Radio Theory & Practice (Exemption to B.E. Electronics) Part-B National & International Radio Rules & Regulations n MORSE (i) Sending (ii) Receiving
n Examination Center n Examination Fees EXAMINATION DETAILS
LICENCE - Categories n ADVANCE GRADE n GRADE I n GRADE II n RESTRICTED GRADE n SHORT WAVE LISTENERS LICENCE
LICENCE - Procedure LICENCE n Procedure Time n Licence Fees n Any Extra Expenditure ?
n EXAMINATIONS CONDUCTED BY MONITORING STATIONS OF WPC n LICENCE ISSUED BY WIRELESS PLANNING AND COORDINATION WING (WPC), NEW DELHI By whom licence is issued ?….
CALL SIGN VU2CPV VU- INDIA W2XP W- USA VE1BSA VE- CANADA G0KJA G- UK DL2AD DL- GERMANY 6Y5SM 6Y- JAMAICA VK6HT VK- AUSTRALIA 9M2SS 9M- MALAYSIA
n YL - Young Lady (All feminine operator are YL,regardless of age or marital status.) n XYL- Wife ( Is she ex- young lady !!!!) n OM- Old Man ( Though he is YOUNG !) n OB - Old Boy n 73 - Wish you all the best n 88 - Love and Kisses n Dx - Distance Station n Wx - Weather n LL - Land Line Some interesting abbreviations
How HAM Radio works ?
Mainly - two types of equipments used HF VHF
PORTABLE HF/VHF SETS SIMPLE DIPOLE ANTENNA CAR BATTERY
RADIO COMMUNICATION SERVICES Ionosphere Affected Region Control Room
Some restrictions…. NO THIRD PARTY MESSAGES NO RELIGIOUS, POLITICAL OR COMMERCIAL DISCUSSION RESTRICTION ON TRANSMITTING SONGS AND MUSIC
Scrambler…. What is it ???….
How Ham Radio differs from other communications? Commercial licence holder gets only a spot frequency while Ham Operator gets privilege of bands of frequencies. Comm. Licence holder have to pay royalties while Ham pays few rupees per year. Ham Operator installs, operates and maintains his station himself while in comm. different agencies play different roles.
WARC THE ONLY HOBBY GOVERNED BY INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION THE WORLD ADMINISTRATIVE RADIO CONFERENCE GENEVA
RULES INDIA INDIAN TELEGRAPH ACT, 1885 INDIAN WIRELESS TELGRAPHS (AMATEUR SERVICE) RULES 1984 W P C
HAMS IN ACTION n STORMS n FLOODS n CYCLONES n EARTHQUAKES n FOREST FIRES n ACCIDENTS n EXPEDITIONS n MOTOR RALLIES
AMSAT AMATEUR RADIO SATELLITE CORPORATION A NON- PROFIT ASSOCIATION FORMED BY HAMS IN USA JAPAN AUSTRALIA GERMANY CANADA
HAMSAT LAUNCHED BY ISRO ON 05/05/05 HAMSAT is a microsatellite for providing satellite based Amateur Radio Services to the national as well as the international community of Amateur Radio Operators (HAMs).
Reference n Handbook for Amateur Radio By Gujarat Institute of Amateur Radio n Rs. 100/-
FURTHER READING n GUIDE TO AMATEUR RADIO IN INDIA BY SAAD ALI n HANDBOOK OF AMATEUR RADIO BY ARRL n HAM NEWS BY NIAR n QST BY ARRL n CQ AMATEUR RADIO BY CQ, USA
Impact Trained more then 600 participants in 10 Batches at Gandhinagar, Ahmedabad and Jamnagar New licenses obtained 125 Two VHF Repeater stations raised November 8-9, 2003 at GandhinagarNational Hamfest Held for the first time in the state – November 8-9, 2003 at Gandhinagar Participated in Tsunami Rescue operation Established Club Stations Arranged many awareness program in schools, colleges, organizations etc. Published full flagged study guide for Ham License Exam Recognized by State (GSDMA) and Government of India
KD5ESI KD5ESI KALPANA CHAWLA NASA/JSC MAIL CODE CB HOUSTON TX 77058 USA http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/chawla.html
VU2HBZ VU2FJZ DAPEGAON, LATOOR OCTOBER 1993
VU2XMX Ham Radio Control Room for Amarnath Pilgrimage - 1996 VU2HBZ
Amateur Radio on the International Space Station