Presentation on theme: "Go to Menu Terms divided by category. Choose a category to begin. HardwareSpreadsheetDatabasesInternet Terms Basic Software Terms Fine DetailsWord Processing."— Presentation transcript:
Terms divided by category. Choose a category to begin. HardwareSpreadsheetDatabasesInternet Terms Basic Software Terms Fine DetailsWord Processing Terms Software Terms General Terms Multimedia Terms Resources and Credits Try the online Quiz
The need to know the name of Computer parts and what they look like is very important. The need to know the name of Computer hardware parts and what they look like is very important.
A computer is an electronic machine that can perform calculations and process lots of information quicker than your brain. The brains of the computer is the Central Processing Unit or CPU. This is a tower type CPU another style is horizontal or desktop. Which type are you working on? Hardware
The part of the computer that allows you to see what the CPU is doing is called the monitor. It is sometimes called the screen. It is an output device. Hardware cont.
Here you see three designs of computer keyboards. All of them allow you to input and control information in your CPU. Hardware cont.
Each one of these input hardware items are called a mouse. Some have trackballs. The trackball mouse does not move. You move a trackball mouse by rolling the ball. Have you used a trackball before? Some are wireless and use Infrared signals to connect to the computer. “Cool huh!” Hardware cont.
See if you can answer a few questions? After each question you will see if the answer is correct or not. The hardware part of your computer that does the thinking is the __________. A. Central Processing Unit - CPU B. Monitor C. Keyboard Click on the answer. Click here to see the next question. Hardware Quiz
The hardware part of the computer that lets you type and control programs/software is called the_______________. A. A.MonitorMonitor B. B.KeyboardKeyboard C. C.MouseMouse Hardware Quiz
The hardware part of the computer that you click to select menu’s or click on buttons, pictures, or text is called the_______________. A. A.MonitorMonitor B. B.KeyboardKeyboard C. C.MouseMouse Hardware Quiz
The hardware part of your computer that allows you to see what is going on inside the CPU is called the_______________. A. A.MonitorMonitor B. B.ScreenScreen C. C.MouseMouse Return to the MENU Hardware Quiz
Spreadsheet Terms Spreadsheets help many people to easily work with numbers and math calculations everyday.
Spreadsheet Terms Early Spreadsheets were done by hand! They were an actual large “sheet” of paper in a book called a “ledger”.
Spreadsheet Terms With the invention of the computer and software, Spreadsheets became electronic. What do you think makes the paper and software versions alike?
Spreadsheet Terms With paper or software versions of the spreadsheet, there were common terms: Entry, Row, Column and Cell.
Spreadsheet Terms Cells are the individual boxes where entries of data occur. cell
Spreadsheet Terms The cells are arranged in columns and rows. COLUMNSCOLUMNS rows This is ROW 2 This is COLUMN C
Spreadsheet Terms To get the monthly payment answer below the person who created the spreadsheet used a function or formula to automatically calculate the information in the cells. The formula they used in cell C7 looked something like this: =(C3/C5)*C4
Spreadsheet Terms To put the information in proper order at the right we could sort the information in column A in ascending or alphabetical order. Descending order would put the names in reverse order or Z-A order. To sort you must highlight the columns or rows first and all information that you want to sort with it must also be selected. AB 1LastFirst 2ZieglerMike 3EllisRaheem 4SwendesonBatricio 5ValdezAndrew 6AndrewsMike 7StewartSarah 8MouseMickey 9DogsonRichard
The software that allows people to enter and work more efficiently with numbers is a _______________. A. A.gamegame B. B.Word processorWord processor C. C.spreadsheetspreadsheet Now let us see what you have learned about spreadsheets.
The part of the spreadsheet that is a series of cells that run from left to right is called a _______. A. A.columncolumn B. B.cellcell C. C.rowrow
To find information in a column or to put names in alphabetic order you would do a : A. A.visual search over the entire spreadsheetvisual search over the entire spreadsheet B. B.sort that is ascendingsort that is ascending C. C.retyping of the information in the correct orderretyping of the information in the correct order
The part of the spreadsheet that is a set of cells that goes up and down is called a _______________. A. A.rowrow B. B.cellcell C. C.columncolumn
The equation that a person types into a cell to automatically calculate is called a: A. A.junctionjunction B. B.formationformation C. C.function or formulafunction or formula
The part of the spreadsheet where you enter the data is called the_______________. A. A.columncolumn B. B.cellcell C. C.rowrow Return to menu
Databases allow you to store information for later use. This can be more than just numbers it can also be words. The numbers and/or words can be searched or filtered for special reports. Databases can be as simple as a phone book. Many CD-ROM’s, like World Book are nothing more than electronic databases of electronic information for onscreen use. Database
There is one main part of a database called a field. This database contains 4 fields. This is a good text for 6 th grade textbook
Notice that the fields are different sizes. This allows for information entered to be of different lengths. The information in an electronic database can be sorted, filtered and/or put into reports.
This is what the filter screen looks like in Microsoft Works. The filter allows you to see only the data you are looking for. In each drop down menu are many choices the Field Names are listed in their dropdown menu. The Compare To box is where you type in the criteria you are comparing it to.
Each page of information in a database is called a record. Each record contains all of the fields just like the one before it. The fields will contain different information that you enter or type into it.
Can you think of any other programs that are databases? Can you think of any non-electronic databases?
Question #1 Database What are the boxes called where data is placed in a database? A. A.CellsCells B. B.FieldsFields C. C.ColumnsColumns
Question #2 Database Which of the following would NOT be a database? A. A.phonebookphonebook B. B.World BookWorld Book C. C.Internet ExplorerInternet Explorer
Question #3 Database A collection of all the fields on a page is called a …. A. A.recordrecord B. B.rowrow C. C.databasedatabase Return to menu
Question #4 Database To look for information in a spreadsheet we sort in a database we can not only sort to find information we can also: A. A.filter recordsfilter records B. B.filter fieldsfilter fields C. C.filter paperfilter paper Return to menu
Internet Terms The Internet is a global network of thousands of other computer networks that offers e-mail and information retrieval services to millions of people. The World Wide Web is also known as the Internet. Inte4rnet Terms
Internet Terms To view the pages of the Internet you need special software called a browser.
Internet Terms Two of the most popular browsers are Netscape and Internet Explorer.
Internet Terms The URL or Address is located in the address bar. What is the address or URL of this Web Site? The language that is used to create the web pages is called HTML or HyperText Markup Language. Do you see the where HTML is mentioned in the address?
Internet Terms E-mail is one of the neat tools that the Internet provides us. It is currently free of charge. You can write letters to others using their e-mail address in the To: box in the e-mail window. Once you click send the E-mail is electronically sent to another computer through the Internet at amazing speeds. All graphics properties are free from Microsoft Clip Art
Question #1 Internet Terms What is the language used to create web pages? A. A.HTMLHTML B. B.URLURL C. C.WWWWWW
Question #2 Internet Terms What is another name for web address? A. A.HTMLHTML B. B.URLURL C. C.WWWWWW
Question #3 Internet Terms What is the abbreviation for the World Wide Web? A. A.HTMLHTML B. B.WOWIWEWOWIWE C. C.WWWWWW
Basic Software Across the top of most pages of software are menus. These menus contain at least File, Edit, and Help menus.
Basic Software Typical under the File menu are the terms of: NewOpenSave Save As Print
Basic Software NewOpenSave Save As Print Each term has specific meanings… <<<< Opens a NEW document or file... <<<< Opens an existing file or page <<<< Saves your page or file <<<< Allows you to save with a special name <<<< Prints the page
Basic Software In the Edit menu… UndoCopyPasteFind Reverse your mistakes Copy a portion of your text or graphic Insert the copied text or graphic Find a text item on a page.
Basic Software In the Help menu… (your software) Help About(your software) Gives Help topics for your software Information about the version and maker of your software and in many cases the registration number of your software.
Basic Software In the Start menu there are several items to help you. Gives you a listing of all your programs installed on your computer Shows your Internet bookmarks Lists the last 15 documents you opened for quick retrieval This is where you will find the control panels for attributes for your computer Locate files or text you have misplaced on your computer Help topics for Windows Operating Systems You can run programs or utilities from here if you know their name and location If you are on a network this is where you can log on or off the network Though not always possible here is where you should restart or shutdown the computer -”PLEASE”
The terms NEW, Save, Open, Save As, Print are fount in the ______ menu. A. A.HelpHelp B. B.EditEdit C. C.FileFile
The terms Undo, Cut, Paste, Copy, Find are found in the _____ menu. A. A.HelpHelp B. B.EditEdit C. C.StartStart
The menu that you go to to solve problems, learn how to use or find out information about your software is called the ______menu. A. A.StartStart B. B.HelpHelp C. C.FileFile
The menu that allows you to see all of the installed programs, get help, find text or files, set attributes, or shut down, and much more, is called the ______ menu. A. A.HelpHelp B. B.FileFile C. C.STARTSTART Return to menu
Fine Details Computer Programmers uses some basic information and data terms that allow them to manipulate or alter the memory of the computer. Some of these terms are common to all computers no matter how old or new.
Fine Details Terms used with graphics or pictures : PixelJpegGifTifBmp The dots that make up the colors on the screen. JPG Interchange Format Graphic used on Web Pages Graphics Interchange Format Used for Internet Tagged Interchange Format Bitmap – Largest of all graphics most detailed
Fine Details C+ Basic Visual Basic HTML Java Flash – Form of Java The following are all programming languages used to create games and other software you use.
Fine Details Memory of the computer is stored in Bits and Bytes Many computers used an 8 X 2 system or 16Bit system
Fine Details Memory of the computer is stored in Bits and Bytes Many computers now use a 32Bit system.
Fine Details Networked Computers – Intranet/Internet/LAN/WAN? What is all this talk about networks. There are two types. LAN – Local area network. EX: Computers in the same building connected together. Intranet WAN – Wide Area Network Ex: All the computers connected together across the school district. Internet
Programmers use different software________ to create programs, web pages, and new software. A. A.graphicsgraphics B. B.languageslanguages C. C.bitmapsbitmaps
The suffixes of.jpg,.bmp,.tif,.gif, and pixel are terms or types used in the creation of _________. A. A.graphicsgraphics B. B.softwaresoftware C. C.web pagesweb pages
Most new computers are set up to do memory storage in ________. A. A.8 bit storage8 bit storage B. B.16 bits storage or more16 bits storage or more C. C.32 bit storage32 bit storage Return to menu
Ethical Issues Did you realize that software and pictures that you get from someone or from the Internet belong to someone else? They do, and it’s your responsibility to make sure you give them credit for their ownership. It is from their intelligence/brain so it is called intellectual property. They are protected by the Copyright Law of the United States and Europe. Copyright laws allow only the owner of the software, picture, or text to give someone the right to copy it or call a part of it their own.
Ethical Issues Not only are all the pictures in this software copyrighted but you an see at times that the pictures are “cited”. Cited means that you have given proper credit to the owner of the graphic or software in your work. If it’s not your words, pictures, or ideas… DO NOT CLAIM THEM AS YOURS!
Ethical Issues Fair Use Guidelines exist to let you know how much of text, pictures, “intellectual property”, etc. you can use in your school work and for teachers to hand out to students. Motion Media Text Poetry Music, Lyrics, Video Photos & Illustrations Numerical Data Sets Use the smallest amount of... 10% or 3 minutes 10% or 1000 words 250 words; no more than 3 poems by same author 10% or 30 seconds 5 images from one author 10% of 2500 fields or cells
Ethical Issues Another ethical issue is using the Internet in a rude or inappropriate way. Examples: 1. 1.Susie gets mad at a friend and uses e-mail to tell other people that her friend is doing something she hasn’t. = Slander 2. 2.A Hacker writes software to harm computers and attached it to e-mails. 3. 3.Someone send e-mails saying they are from a back and ask people for information in an e-mail or a website and uses it to steal money from those that respond.
Ethics – Question #1 – Roberta was using the school's electronic encyclopedia to write a paper for her North Carolina history class. She wanted to quote Governor Dan Moore, so she used the electronic note taking capability of the software and placed the quotation directly into her paper. Which of the following is correct? A.Using electronic tools for papers eliminates the need to footnote sources.Using electronic tools for papers eliminates the need to footnote sources. B.Using electronic note taking eliminates the need to cite references.Using electronic note taking eliminates the need to cite references. C.Placing quotations in any research paper requires citing the source to avoid violation of copyright laws.Placing quotations in any research paper requires citing the source to avoid violation of copyright laws.
Ethics – Question #2 – Brent Middle School purchased a single-user copy of a word processing program. They may do which of the following? A.Copy it onto all the computers in the lab.Copy it onto all the computers in the lab. B.Use it on only one computer in the lab.Use it on only one computer in the lab. C.Duplicate the disk and give it to everyone in the class.Duplicate the disk and give it to everyone in the class.
Ethics – Question #3 – Which sentence describes a hacker? A. Hackers create computer virus software and distribute it by e-mail or in software to harm your computer.Hackers create computer virus software and distribute it by e-mail or in software to harm your computer. B. Hackers break into bank, government, or personal computers to steal personal information C. Both A. and B.
ARE THE FOLLOWING SITUATIONS ETHICAL? The next few slides have situations that require you to think about whether it is legal or not? Think through each one and then decide whether t is legal or illegal.
Your new computer comes with Microsoft Office 2000 already installed on it. Included in your box of software is the CD-ROM that you use to install Microsoft Office. Your best friend just bought a computer about a year ago and his doesn’t have Office 2000. He really needs it so you can work on a project together at home so you let him borrow the CD to install it on his computer. Legal Illegal
You bought a game at Wal-Mart and have installed it on your home computer. You bring it to school and install it on one of the computers in the media center that no one ever uses. Legal Illegal
A school buys 10 site licenses for a SAT review program. They install it on 10 different computers. Legal Illegal
A school buys 25 site licenses for a Graphing program. They install it on 27 different computers. Legal Illegal
General Terms Following this page are many terms you will find common to most software programs or hardware.
Relationship All information in databases or spreadsheets can be compared or filtered, and calculated based on the following relationships: “<“ - less than “>”- greater than “<>” - Greater than or less than = - equal to “>“- greater than or equal to “<“ – less than or equal to
Acceptable Use Policy An AUP is a set of policies used by school districts or businesses to control Internet usage by employees or students. An AUP is a set of policies used by school districts or businesses to control Internet usage by employees or students. Ex. The Internet may not be used y employees to engage in chat programs or for personal business. Ex. The Internet may not be used y employees to engage in chat programs or for personal business.
Charts and Graphs Charts and graphs can be used to graphically show the results of data collected. The type you use depends on the type of information you are showing. Charts and graphs can be used to graphically show the results of data collected. The type you use depends on the type of information you are showing. The four most common types are shown on this page. The four most common types are shown on this page. bar line scatter pie
Computer Vandalism The act of damaging, altering, or destroying a computer, computer-peripherals, computer software or computer service. The act of damaging, altering, or destroying a computer, computer-peripherals, computer software or computer service. Ex: Stealing the mouse ball out of the mouse. Ex2: Un-installing software
Cursor The little flashing line or character that you see when you click on the word processing page or in a cell in a spreadsheet. Where you see the cursor you can insert words, numbers, or pictures.
Emerging Technologies These are technology items or software that are still in the development stages, not in widespread use, or have not even been invented yet. These are technology items or software that are still in the development stages, not in widespread use, or have not even been invented yet.
Home Row Keys These are the home row keys on your computer. This allows you use the keyboard more effectively when your hands use these keys as a place to sit and rest or head back home to between key strokes. These keys will help you to develop keyboard familiarity or a better understanding of the functions of all keys. These are the home row keys on your computer. This allows you use the keyboard more effectively when your hands use these keys as a place to sit and rest or head back home to between key strokes. These keys will help you to develop keyboard familiarity or a better understanding of the functions of all keys. ASDFJKL;/: Left handRight hand
Input Any information you put into a software program on the computer is considered Input. Here is a list of ways or devices you can input information with. Keyboard Keyboard Mouse Mouse Floppy Floppy Cells Cells Fields Fields
Output Anything that comes out of your computer is considered Output. Here is a list of ways or hardware that are considered ways of output. Monitor/screen Monitor/screen Printer Printer Speakers Speakers Printing Printing Sounds Sounds CD’s CD’s
Retrieve Not the same as output but related. You can retrieve information from the computer by opening it up from a file on your computer or from a floppy or CD ROM where you have stored it.
What is a modem? A device that allows the computer to send signals (1s & 0s) over a telephone line A device that allows the computer to send signals (1s & 0s) over a telephone line EXAMPLE: The modem is the device on the back or separate from your computer where you plug in the phone line. It connects your computer to a telephone line so that you can communicate in the form of 1s and 0s to another computer. 1s are “on” and 0s are “off” – like a bunch of little switches EXAMPLE: The modem is the device on the back or separate from your computer where you plug in the phone line. It connects your computer to a telephone line so that you can communicate in the form of 1s and 0s to another computer. 1s are “on” and 0s are “off” – like a bunch of little switches
Cable Modem This is a modem that allows you to connect via the Cable TV line that may be attached in your home. This allows you to access the Internet High Speed.
Privacy of Information Protection of privacy is both a personal and fundamental right of all individuals. All businesses online have to try to keep information private that they take from you to use to make purchases, order magazines, or anytime banking or personal information needs to be exchanged. If they use it for any other purpose but to serve you or your parents they run the risk of breaking 2 of the Federal Government legislations, Freedom of Information Act of 1966 and The Privacy Act of 1974.
Relationship All information in databases or spreadsheets can be compared or filtered, and calculated based on the following relationships: “<“ - less than “>”- greater than “<>” - Greater than or less than = - equal to “>“- greater than or equal to “<“ – less than or equal to
technology This word has many meanings here are the most common. 1. The practical application of science to commerce or industry 2. The discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems e.g. computers, telephones, digital cameras, touch screens, MIDI, …
Telecommunications: sending data electronically across distances using all forms of communication Internet, Fax Machines Telephones, Cell Phones Satellite Dish/Receiver… See also Lan and Wan
Software Terms There are many software types and issues surrounding them and their legal use. The next pages cover some of those basic terms. 1. (computer science) written programs or procedures or rules and associated documentation pertaining to the operation of a computer system and that are stored in read/write memory 2. Merchandise consisting of a computer program that is offered for sale
License The instructions telling you exactly what you are allowed to do as far as copying and loading software on machines is called the license. If you bought a piece of software it is considered to be one license or one place it can be loaded.
Public Domain Programs that are donated to be shared, copied, and used without charge (not copyrighted) Programs that are donated to be shared, copied, and used without charge (not copyrighted)
Freeware A copyrighted program that you do not have to pay for (Netscape, Internet Explorer, AOL Instant Messenger) A copyrighted program that you do not have to pay for (Netscape, Internet Explorer, AOL Instant Messenger)
Shareware Programs like public domain, but you have to pay for them (after 30 days, or sometimes you don’t get the entire program until you pay for it) -- games CD-ROMS that you get at Media Play with 150 games for $9.99 Programs like public domain, but you have to pay for them (after 30 days, or sometimes you don’t get the entire program until you pay for it) -- games CD-ROMS that you get at Media Play with 150 games for $9.99
Commercial Software Software that must be purchased (Word, Printshop, Quake) Software that must be purchased (Word, Printshop, Quake)
SPA Software Publishers Association Software Publishers Association These are the people who come after you if you illegally copy software or break the copyright rules These are the people who come after you if you illegally copy software or break the copyright rules
Intellectual Property Ideas put into action, like writing, music, art, and computer programs Ideas put into action, like writing, music, art, and computer programs
Hacking/Hackers A computer user who enjoys tinkering with computers, or who intentionally accesses a computer system without permission to do so A computer user who enjoys tinkering with computers, or who intentionally accesses a computer system without permission to do so
Operating System Program that gives the computer instructions on how to handle tasks necessary to do work Program that gives the computer instructions on how to handle tasks necessary to do work
System Software Programs that are used to organize and run the insides of the computer and allow you to format disks, copy disks, etc. Programs that are used to organize and run the insides of the computer and allow you to format disks, copy disks, etc.
Application Software Programs that allow a computer to do specific jobs like word processing, databases, and spreadsheets (MS OFFICE – Word, Excel, Access, Publisher) Programs that allow a computer to do specific jobs like word processing, databases, and spreadsheets (MS OFFICE – Word, Excel, Access, Publisher)
Programming Language Software Software that allows the user to write applications software (Visual Basic, C++, J++) Software that allows the user to write applications software (Visual Basic, C++, J++)
Multimedia Multimedia defined: Transmission that combines media of communication (text and graphics and sound etc.)
Multimedia – Story Board A story board is sort of like a cartoon in the newspaper or a comic book. The author draws out the information that will be given, where it will be placed on the screen, location of graphics, special effects, and controls for the user. With out this a project can get out of control quickly.
Multimedia – Linear/Non-Linear Linear order is where the user moves from one page to the next page never able to go back and look at information again. Non-Linear order is where the user can jump around and choose where they learn next. Like this program.
Multimedia – Multiple Outcome Storyboard. Whew! Like a regular storyboard you draw and plan events but allow different paths to happen based on user choice or score data that is calculated. Kind of like this program where you have choices in a menu and go away and return to the menu.
Resources and Credits Most of the materials for this presentation came from the following resources: Pam Medlin - Computer Teacher at Piedmont Middle School Gordon Toudt – Instructional Technologist NCDPI – Technology Standard Course of Study Microsoft Clip Art. Design concept and PowerPoint creation - Gordon Toudt Inspiration to expand this thing – Pat Greene and Montrio Belton of Monroe Middle School. Thanks to you all. This product is not for sale and only for Union County Schools use as of this date unless the designer wishes to move and use it elsewhere. That’s called copyright.
…………………………... Click here to go to the menu or here to exithere.
Word Processing Terms What does it mean to word process? 1. Rapid and efficient processing (storage and printing) of linguistic data for composition and editing… Yikes! How about this definition? Quickly creating documents that contain words pictures and other neat stuff. Easier huh?
Word Processing Terms Character: any letter, number, or symbol typed on the keyboard Word Wrap: letting the computer decide where to end a line (don’t have to push enter at the end of each line) Font: style of writing/typing Insert: to add new text into existing text Delete: to remove or erase
More Word Processing Terms Cursor – that blinking line that is the point you insert text or pictures and stuff. Chart or Graph – You can insert or merge data from spreadsheets into your documents and show a chart or graph of it as a graphic. Document – The page or pages of your project in the word processing software. Text – all those words you wrote and these as well are called text. That’s why they call all those books in your locker, “textbooks” Table – not the thing you eat off of but, a set of data or text arranged in rows and columns. It’s fun try it sometime.