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DIAGRAM THIS SENTENCE Mom washed the dirty nasty clothes. Mom the clothes dirty washed nasty.

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Presentation on theme: "DIAGRAM THIS SENTENCE Mom washed the dirty nasty clothes. Mom the clothes dirty washed nasty."— Presentation transcript:

1 DIAGRAM THIS SENTENCE Mom washed the dirty nasty clothes. Mom the clothes dirty washed nasty

2 Writing Complete Sentences Page 268 A complete sentence has a subject has a verb expresses a complete thought

3 Writing Complete Sentences Two common errors get in the way of writing complete sentences: sentence fragments and run-on sentences. Once you learn how to recognize fragments and run- ons in your writing, you can revise them to form clear, complete sentences.

4 Writing Complete Sentences Sentence Fragments A run-on sentence is actually two complete sentences punctuated like one sentence. In a run-on, two separate thoughts run into each other. The reader cannot tell where one idea ends and another one begins.

5 Writing Complete Sentences Sentence Fragments Was the first African American man to win the Wimbledon tennis championship. What is missing? The subject is missing. Arthur Ashe was the first African American man to win the Wimbledon tennis championship.

6 Writing Complete Sentences Sentence Fragments Ashe the Wimbledon singles title in What is missing? The verb is missing. Ashe won the Wimbledon singles title in 1975.

7 Writing Complete Sentences Sentence Fragments While he was a student at the University of California. What is missing? The complete thought is missing. Ashe also won several championships in college tennis while he was a student at the University of California.

8 Writing Complete Sentences Sentence Fragments As you can see form the first two examples, you can correct some sentence fragments by adding a subject or verb. Other times a sentence fragment just needs to be attached to the sentence next to it. The crowd cheered wildly. When Leon scored the winning touchdown. The crowd cheered wildly when Leon scored the winning touchdown.

9 Writing Complete Sentences Use this simple three-part test to find out which of the following word groups are sentence fragments and which are complete sentences. 1. Does the group of words have a subject? 2. Does it have a verb? 3. Does it express a complete thought? If the group of words is a complete sentence, write S. If it is a fragment, write F.

10 Writing Complete Sentences 1. Does the group of words have a subject? 2. Does it have a verb? 3. Does it express a complete thought? If the group of words is a complete sentence, write S. If it is a fragment, write F. 1. Eleanor Roosevelt was First Lady of the United States from 1933 to Raised by her grandmother because both of her parents had died by the time she was ten. S F

11 Writing Complete Sentences 1. Does the group of words have a subject? 2. Does it have a verb? 3. Does it express a complete thought? 3. Wrote a popular newspaper column entitled My Day. 4. As First Lady, worked for the rights of the poor and underprivileged. 5. Because she felt strongly about the struggles of children and minorities. F F F

12 Writing Complete Sentences 6. Eleanor Roosevelt traveled all over the world. 7. Press conferences at which she discussed important issues. 8. Important role in forming the United Nations. 9. Chairperson of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. 10. After a long life of public service, died in Do Exercise on page S F F F

13 1. A flying squirrel a squirrel that can gracefully glide through the air. 2. Some Asian flying squirrels three feet long. 3. Skillfully leaps from one tree to another. 4. The squirrel glides downward, then straight, and finally upward. 5. Some flying squirrels more than fifty feet. 6. If they use a higher starting point. 7. Flying squirrels live in the forests of Asia, Europe, and North America. 8. To eat berries, birds eggs, insects, and nuts. 9. Nesting in the hollows of trees. 10. Notice how this squirrel stretches out its legs to help it glide. F F F S S F S F F S

14 Some of the following groups of words are sentence fragments. Revise each fragment by (1) adding a subject, (2) adding a verb, or (3) attaching the fragment to a complete sentence. You may need to change the punctuation and capitalization, too. If the word group is already a complete sentence, write S. 1. Before the sun rose. 1. We awoke before the sun rose. 2. Felt tired because we did not get much sleep the night before. 2. Jim felt tired because we did not get much sleep the night before.

15 3. A bear growling in the bushes outside the tent at 2:00 A.M. 3. A bear growling in the bushes outside the tent at 2:00 A.M. scared Mike 4. Because we had left food on the fire. 4. Our dinner burned because we had left food on the fire. 5. Came from the bushes and circled the campfire. 5. A roar came from the bushes and circled the campfire.

16 5. Our eyes grew large as the bear stood up and revealed its teeth. 6. When my friend let out a screeching yell. 7. Put my hand over his mouth. 8. Then growled at us menacingly. 9. We stood still. 10. Dropping to all fours, ran back into the forest. Do Exercise 2 on page 270 for homework Be ready for a quiz over sentence fragments

17 QUIZ Decide whether each group of words is a sentence or a sentence fragment. Write S if the group of words is a sentence or F if the group of words is a sentence fragment. ______ 1. Water supports the gigantic body of the whale. ______ 2. Unable to survive on land. ______ 3. A beached whales lungs may be crushed. ______ 4. Prevented by its tremendous weight. ______ 5. Blue whales are the largest mammals. ______ 6. The blue whale, which can weigh over 150 tons. ______ 7. Although some whales have simple teeth. ______ 8. Others have no teeth. ______ 9. The sievelike whalebone in the roof of their mouths. ______10. Straining krill from the water for food. S F S F S F F S F F


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