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Effect of RFQ Modulations on Frequency and Field Flatness

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Presentation on theme: "Effect of RFQ Modulations on Frequency and Field Flatness"— Presentation transcript:

1 Effect of RFQ Modulations on Frequency and Field Flatness

2 Recap: Tuning the End Region to Achieve Correct Frequency

3 Final Design

4 CST and ANSYS results for final geometry, 4m RFQ with flush tuners.
Taking into account meshing accuracy for these large models (see slides 3 & 4), both agree with the frequency being (323.5 ± 0.5) MHz

5 No Matcher Optimised Matcher Original Matcher New matcher design achieves considerably flatter field and ensures (323.5 ± 0.5) MHz along the entire RFQ

6 Now: What About Modulations?
Transverse position of copper in each cell varies ∴ Capacitance varies throughout the cell But surely, on average, capacitance stays constant if average bore radius is constant? Average bore radius, r0

7 Evidence For Modulation-Induced Field Flatness Errors
“…tuners were set at the design positions (99.5mm from the beam axis) …The longitudinal field non-uniformity is speculated to be produced by the modulation effect. …The larger modulation is speculated to have the larger capacitance.” “RF Test of a 324-MHz, 3-MeV, H- RFQ stabilised with PISLs”, TUD02, LINAC’00 A. Ueno & Y. Kondo, KEK

8 Evidence For Modulation-Induced Field Flatness Errors
“Complete RF design of the HINS RFQ with CST and HFSS”, MOP042, LINAC’08 G. Romanov & A. Lunin, Fermilab

9 My Simulation Strategy
Import Simon’s full 4m vane-tips geometry. Import vane geometry with tips removed. Create cavity vacuum by taking inverse of copper. Macro to automate slicing & mesh of one cell. Eigenmode solution of each individual cell. Calculate for each RFQ cell: Resonant frequency Q Voltage at cell centre (position of quadrupole transverse & maximum longitudinal field)

10 My Simulation Strategy
Longitudinal Mesh Transverse Mesh

11 E-field Plots for Cell 222 Transverse (cell centre)
Longitudinal (x=0 plane)



14 Comparing HINS & FETS RFQs

15 Solution? Complete redesign of beam dynamics and modulation parameters to get correct capacitance and frequency for each cell Vary inductance by altering the quadrant radius to suit each modulation Alter quadrant radius of each 1m section so each section is roughly flat to start with, easing tuning procedure

16 Change quadrant radius half way along this section?
Increase quadrant radius to ~44.2mm Increase quadrant radius to ~44.2mm Leave quadrant radius at 44.1mm Next step: Try this solution to see if frequency and voltage do flatten out

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