Presentation on theme: "INDIA’S PROMISE Challenges & Opportunities APBO APBO March 2007 March 2007."— Presentation transcript:
INDIA’S PROMISE Challenges & Opportunities APBO APBO March 2007 March 2007
Delhi, Capital City POP: 13 million Bangalore “Silicon Valley of India” POP: 7 million BJP+189 Seats Left 61 Seats Others 70 Seats Cong+219 Seats Political Uncertainty COALITION GOVERNMENTS TO STAY ECONOMIC REFORMS SECURE
UNITED PROGRESSIVE ALLIANCE Sonia GandhiPranab Mukherjee Kamal Nath Praful Patel Sharad Pawar BhattacharyajeeNirpuam Sen Karunakaran DMK 13 Constituents Indian National CongressCongress Allies Prakash Karat Left Front UPA COMMON MINIMUM PROGRAM Agriculture - “A New Deal For Rural India” Infrastructure - “Building World Class” Employment - “Rozgar Badhao” Education - “Improving Access and Excellence” Health Care - “Creating Capabilities” Water - “Better Access, Better Utilization” Urban Renewal - “Humane and Modern”
UPCOMING STATE ASSEMBLY ELECTION Population 179,000,000 80 Parliamentary Constituencies 4 Phase Poll April / May
Transparency BELL HELICOPTER BELL HELICOPTER MOTOROLA MOTOROLA Procurement Challenges
RED TAPISM 1500 KM 8 Days RED TAPE / TAX ANOMALIES / POOR INFRASTRUCTURE July 2006
Challenges in Infrastructure 48 new road projects worth $12 bn are presently under construction Indian Railways require $22 bn investment India’s port upgrades require a total investment of $22 billion Domestic aircraft movements have shot up by 40% Modernization requires upgrading 25 of the country’s national airports 100,000 MW required by 2012
LAND ACQUISITION-SEZs NANDIGRAM WEST BENGAL 5000 POLICE 16 KILLED 68 WOUNDED TOTAL BANDH HIGHLY POLITICIZED – SEZs ON HOLD
HUMAN RESOURCE CONSTRAINT ITES/BPO INDUSTRY GROWING @ 45% Qtr ITES/BPO INDUSTRY GROWING @ 45% Qtr QUALIFIED HELP IN SHORTAGE QUALIFIED HELP IN SHORTAGE ATTRITION RATES > 30% ATTRITION RATES > 30% FINISHING SCHOOLS REQUIRED FINISHING SCHOOLS REQUIRED CONTRACT LABOR & LABOR REFORMS A MUST CONTRACT LABOR & LABOR REFORMS A MUST
INDIA’S ECONOMIC LEADERSHIP Manmohan Singh Prime Minister Montek Singh Ahluwalia Planning Commission Deputy Chairman P. Chidambaram Minister of Finance Considered the “Father of India’s Economic Reforms” Economist by training, Strong free-market advocate Excellent rapport with President Bush Private / Public Sector Interlocutor Economist by training, Oxonian World Bank background / Easily accessible “Inclusive” Budget Supreme Court Advocate, Harvard MBA Pragmatic reformer
SCORECARD ON REFORMS Progress Insurance FDI up to 26% Insurance FDI up to 26% Telecom up to 74% Telecom up to 74% Oil/Gas, Roads, Ports up to 100% Oil/Gas, Roads, Ports up to 100% Real estate opened to 100% Real estate opened to 100% Open Skies: Boeing Sales Open Skies: Boeing Sales Patents Act -IPR Protection: Re-entry of Merck Patents Act -IPR Protection: Re-entry of Merck Retail (Single Product): Wal-Mart Entry Retail (Single Product): Wal-Mart Entry Civilian Nuclear Cooperation – 123 Agreement Civilian Nuclear Cooperation – 123 Agreement 15 Special Economic Zones (SEZ’s) at present 42 approved for 2007 GDP Growth Rate > 8% 6 Million New Cell Phones Registered Last Month!
More than 300 of the Fortune 500 are in India IBM: 53,000 employees Cognizant: 48,000 employees General Electric:: 20,000 employees Oracle: 18,000 employees Hewlett-Packard: 11,000 employees Honeywell: 7,000 employees American Express: 4,000 employees Dell: 3,800 employees IT/ BPO Boom
MANUFACTURING Automobile Components - Worth $15 bn 20 % Annual Growth in Exports Ford – Producing 30,000 units; Doubling Capacity in 2006-2009 timeframe General Motors – Expecting to sell 30,000 units in 2006; output to be doubled Boeing - $12.1 bn sale of civilian aircraft to Air India with significant co-production; recognition of India’s manufacturing prowess
OPPORTUNITIES IN AGRICULTURE $15 bn investment opportunity in storage, transportation, and refrigeration facilities. Blue Diamond Growers – India is 4th largest and fastest growing market Coca Cola has major presence throughout the country Pepsi is a major player with sales $700 mn McDonald’s has introduced the McVeggie burger and Veg Pizza McPuff Domino Pizza, Pizza Hut and Kentucky Fried Chicken have all established restaurants in India.
DEFENSE TRADE F-18 Super Hornet FireFinder & PAC III P-3 Orion F-16 Fighting Falcon GE-404 Engine Bell 407 Helicopter C-131 Transport Boeing 737 Countermeasure Equipment Pac-3 Antimissile System Next Steps in U.S.-India Strategic Partnership: Major Opportunities in Defense Cooperation - $30 billion
Indian Space Program 5 th largest after U.S., Russia, Europe, China Indian Space Program 5 th largest after U.S., Russia, Europe, China $450 mn annual budget, but due to lower wages is equivalent to multi-billion dollar program in U.S. $450 mn annual budget, but due to lower wages is equivalent to multi-billion dollar program in U.S. Space Exploration – Chandrayan I: India plans to launch its first unmanned mission to the moon by 2008 Space Exploration – Chandrayan I: India plans to launch its first unmanned mission to the moon by 2008 NASA agreement with ISRO to send scientific instruments into space aboard India’s Chandrayan I NASA agreement with ISRO to send scientific instruments into space aboard India’s Chandrayan I Export Control Regimes; Strategic Partnership Challenges Export Control Regimes; Strategic Partnership Challenges US-INDIA SPACE PARTNERSHIP An Important Component of Strategic Partnership
NEXT WAVE: PHARMACEUTICALS $6.5 bn and growing at 8-10% 4th largest pharmaceutical industry in the world Expected by 2008 to be worth $12 billion Private Hospitals firmly entrenched: Apollo, Manipal, Escorts, Max Healthcare Medical Tourism
R&D Centre, Bangalore India Development Centre, Bangalore, Hyderabad India Engineering Centre, Bangalore Software Lab, Bangalore, Pune Labs India, Bangalore Innovation Campus, Bangalore Bangalore R&D Centre, Bangalore and Mumbai INNOVATION FRONTIER: R & D R&D Centre, Bangalore
INDIA LOOKS OUTWARD Tata Group - $12 BN Tata Group - $12 BN Reliance - $22 BN Reliance - $22 BN Essar - $9 BN Essar - $9 BN Birla - $6 BN Birla - $6 BN Videocon–Daewoo Electronics-$650Videocon–Daewoo Electronics-$650 Dr. Reddy’s Lab–Betapharm - $570Dr. Reddy’s Lab–Betapharm - $570 Ranbaxy–Terpia - $324Ranbaxy–Terpia - $324 VSNL Tyco Global-$130VSNL Tyco Global-$130
Coherent democracy; Pluralist/Secular Coherent democracy; Pluralist/Secular 1/5th World’s Population; 2 nd largest military in the world 1/5th World’s Population; 2 nd largest military in the world Common Values: Against Terrorism, Trafficking, Narcotics Common Values: Against Terrorism, Trafficking, Narcotics Ideological Partner re: Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China Ideological Partner re: Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China Common Law Judicial System Common Law Judicial System 2 nd largest number of Doctors, Engineers, PhDs in the world 2 nd largest number of Doctors, Engineers, PhDs in the world 100,000 Students to U.S. Each Year 100,000 Students to U.S. Each Year 1.8 mil Americans of Indian Origin 1.8 mil Americans of Indian Origin Politically significant; Politically integrated Politically significant; Politically integrated 54% of Indian Population is under the Age of 25 54% of Indian Population is under the Age of 25 ECONOMIC, IDEOLOGICAL, AND STRATEGIC PARTNERS India is Rising, Becoming Vital to U.S. Interests
Accenture Adobe Systems, Inc. Akin Gump LLP Altria Group, Inc. AM General LLC Amas Investment & Project Services Amway Corporation Andrews Kurth LLP Baker & McKenzie LLP Bank of America Bloomberg Boeing Company Cargill Caterpillar, Inc. CBay Systems Chevron CMS Energy The Coca-Cola Company Computer Associates Covanta Energy Dell Computer Corp. Deloitte & Touche Discovery Communications Dow AgroSciences Dow Jones DuPont, Inc. eBay Inc. Estee Lauder Ford Motor Company Fremont Group Limited General Dynamics General Motors Gerson Lehrman Group Guardian Life Insurance Gerson Lehrman Guardian Life Insurance Hughes Network Systems IBM, Corporation IDFC Ltd. Johnson & Johnson J.P. Morgan Chase K. Raheja Universal Kotak Mahindra L-3 Communications Lockheed Martin McGraw-Hill Merck & Co. Microsoft Corporation Monsanto Motorola, Inc News Corporation Ltd. Northrop Grumman Oracle Corporation PanAmSat Paul Weiss LLP Pfizer Inc. Pratt & Whitney/United Technologies Sony Pictures Entertainment Standard Chartered Bank Target Corporation Tata, Inc. Texas Instruments Textron Inc. Time Warner Inc. Thomson Financial United Parcel Service Vickery International Wal-Mart Inc. Watson Wyatt Worldwide Xerox Corporation Griffith & Rogers BARBOUR GRIFFITH & ROGERS eMR Technology Ventures Steptoe & Johnson LLP U.S.-INDIA BUSINESS COUNCIL 32 YEARS of GROWING ENTERPRISE
INDIA’S ENERGY SECURITY CHALLENGE Gas pipeline from Iran, discouraged by U.S. Coal supplies for 200 years, but high/ash, low calorie value Oil discovery by Cairn Energy in 2004; India’s demand will outstrip supply Gas discovery by Reliance in 2003 but will service only fraction of India’s power needs Tarapur- India’s “civilian” nuclear reactor requires refueling Kakrapar- World’s first thorium-based nuclear reactor Gas pipeline from Turkmenistan, through Pakistan, but questionable reserves Gas pipeline from Myanmar through Bangladesh discouraged by U.S. Hydro-Electric Dam at Narmada constrained by problems with environment
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