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1 Review 4-1 Past participlePast participle 4-2 Forms of the present perfectForms of the present perfect 4-3 Meanings of the present perfectMeanings of.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Review 4-1 Past participlePast participle 4-2 Forms of the present perfectForms of the present perfect 4-3 Meanings of the present perfectMeanings of."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Review 4-1 Past participlePast participle 4-2 Forms of the present perfectForms of the present perfect 4-3 Meanings of the present perfectMeanings of the present perfect 4-4 Simple past vs. present perfectSimple past vs. present perfect 4-5 Using since and forUsing since and for 4-6 Present perfect progressivePresent perfect progressive 4-7 Present perfect progressive vs. present perfectPresent perfect progressive vs. present perfect 4-8 Using already, yet, still, and anymoreUsing already, yet, still, and anymore 4-9 Past perfectPast perfect CONTENTS

2 2 Jenna _____ her dog. His name __ Max. Jenna’s grandfather ____ Max to her. Her grandfather _____ him at an animal shelter. Jenna _____ very good care her dog. He __ a great dog. loves be Review and Preview PRESENT AND PAST VERBS love give findtake gave found takes is be

3 3 4-1 PAST PARTICIPLE She has forgotten his name.

4 4 4-1 PAST PARTICIPLE REGULAR VERBS IRREGULAR VERBS SIMPLE FORM SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE finish stop wait see make put finished stopped waited saw made put finished stopped waited seen made put past perfect tense present perfect tense

5 5 4-1 LET’S PRACTICE SIMPLE FORM SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE stop go take write stopped went took wrote stopped gone taken written

6 6 4-2 FORMS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT He has finished all his work.

7 7 4-2 FORMS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (a) I have worked very hard this year. (b) The students have worked hard. (c) Alex has worked very hard. STATEMENT: have/has + past participle

8 8 4-2 FORMS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (d) I’ve/You’ve/We’ve/They’ve gone home. (e) She’s/He’s gone home. (f) It’s been hot all week. CONTRACTION : pronoun + have = ’ve pronoun + has =k’s

9 9 NEGATIVE: have/has + not + past participle 4-2 FORMS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (g) I have not gone home yet. (h) Fatima has not gone home.

10 10 NEGATIVE: have/has + not + past participle NEGATIVE CONTRACTION: have + not = haven’t has + not = hasn’t 4-2 FORMS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (g) I haven’t gone home yet. (h) Fatima hasn’t gone home.

11 FORMS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (i) Have you read the report?

12 FORMS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (j) Has Marcy gone home? (k) How long have you worked there? QUESTION : have/has + subject + past participle

13 FORMS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (l) SHORT ANSWER: have/haven’t Have you read all of this article? No, I haven’t. I have only read a few pages.

14 FORMS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (m) SHORT ANSWER: has/hasn’t Yes, she has. She did it after school. Has Kyung finished her homework?

15 15 ___________________ a snake? 4-2 LET’S PRACTICE PRESENT PERFECT Have you ever touched you touch ever

16 16 ________________ 4-2 LET’S PRACTICE PRESENT PERFECT I’ve never touched touch never No, a snake.

17 17 _________________ a shark? 4-2 LET’S PRACTICE PRESENT PERFECT Has Justin ever seen Justin see ever

18 18 Yes, he ___. He saw one near Cape Town, 4-2 LET’S PRACTICE PRESENT PERFECT has South Africa.

19 MEANINGS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT Tyler has taken his first steps. Zoe hasn’t walked by herself yet.

20 MEANINGS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT MEANING #1: SOMETHING HAPPENED BEFORE NOW AT AN UNSPECIFIED TIME PRESENT PERFECT

21 MEANINGS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (a) Tyler has already taken his first steps. (b) Zoe hasn’t walked by herself yet. (c) Have you ever seen Zoe crawl? occurred before now or sometime in the past MEANING #1

22 MEANINGS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (a) Tyler has already taken his first steps. (b) Zoe hasn’t walked by herself yet. (c) Have you ever seen Zoe crawl? now t i m e ? X before now X MEANING #1

23 MEANINGS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (d) Mary has painted portraits many times. (e) Her students have painted portraits twice. activity repeated before now, unspecified past times MEANING #1

24 MEANINGS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (d) Mary has painted portraits many times. (e) Her students have painted portraits twice. now X before now XXX MEANING #1

25 MEANINGS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT PERFECT MEANING #2: A SITUATION BEGAN IN THE PAST AND CONTINUES TO THE PRESENT.

26 MEANINGS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT (f) We’ve been working since 8 o’clock. (g) I have played the violin for six years. I learned to play six years ago, and I still play it. present perfect + since for pastpresent MEANING #2

27 MEANINGS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT MEANING #2: xx x 8:00 now (f) We’ve been working since 8 o’clock.

28 LET’S PRACTICE MEANING #1: Something happened before now at an unspecified time. MEANING #2: A situation began in the past and continues to the present. Kyung has already taken the test. OR ?

29 LET’S PRACTICE MEANING #1: Something happened before now at an unspecified time MEANING #2: A situation began in the past and continues to the present I’ve been studying since 8 AM. OR ?

30 LET’S PRACTICE MEANING #1: Something happened before now at an unspecified time MEANING #2: A situation began in the past and continues to the present Rosa has been to Italy three times. OR ?

31 SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECT I had an angel fish when I was a child. I have had many other fish since then.

32 SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PAST (a) They completed the game at 4:00. PRESENT PERFECT (b) They have already completed the game. specific time unspecified time

33 SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PAST (c) I was in Nigeria when I was five years old. PRESENT PERFECT (d) I have been in Nigeria three times. specific time unspecified time

34 SIMPLE PAST vs. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PAST (e) Jack camped in France for 9 days. PRESENT PERFECT (f) Eli has been camping for 9 days. (f) Eli has been camping since last Monday. for activity began & ended in past for / since activity began & continues

35 LET’S PRACTICE SPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED TIME ? We have been in Tokyo many times. OR UNSPECIFIED PRESENT PERFECT

36 LET’S PRACTICE SPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED TIME ? Barry has never been to Tokyo. OR UNSPECIFIED PRESENT PERFECT

37 LET’S PRACTICE SPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED TIME ? Gina went to Tokyo last month. OR SPECIFIEDSIMPLE PAST

38 USING SINCE AND FOR I have been here since 6:00 AM.

39 USING SINCE AND FOR (a) I have worked here since noon. since Wednesday. since April. since since May 9, since yesterday. since last week. Since Specific point in time

40 USING SINCE AND FOR (b) CORRECT: I have studied English since CORRECT: I have used a computer since (c) INCORRECT: I am studying English since present perfect + since present progressive NOT used

41 USING SINCE AND FOR (b) CORRECT: I have studied English since CORRECT: I have used a computer since (d) INCORRECT: I study English since present perfect + since simple present NOT used

42 USING SINCE AND FOR (b) CORRECT: I have studied English since CORRECT: I have used a computer since (e) INCORRECT: I studied English since present perfect + since simple past NOT used INCORRECT: I was study English since 2007.

43 USING SINCE AND FOR (f) I have known her since I was fifteen. MAIN CLAUSE (present perfect) SINCE-CLAUSE (simple past) (g) Jim has played many sports since he tried soccer. Sincetime clause

44 USING SINCE AND FOR (h) I have worked here for fifty minutes. for five hours. for ten days. for about six weeks. for almost two months. for many years. for a long time. Forlength of time

45 USING SINCE AND FOR (i) I have worked here for twelve years. I got a job here twelve years ago, and I still have it. (j) I played sports for fifteen years. I am too busy now. present perfect + for + length of time past present simple past past present

46 LET’S PRACTICE Mary has been playing the piano since ___________. 3 hours she was six Mary has been playing the piano for ___________. three hours

47 LET’S PRACTICE Alejandro has studied English since ________________. he started school 15 years he started school Alejandro has studied English for __________________. fifteen years

48 LET’S PRACTICE I have driven a taxi _____ for since My uncle has driven a taxi ____ thirty years. for

49 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE Dee has been working for ten hours.

50 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (a) Dee has been working since 6 o’clock. (b) She has been working for ten hours. STATEMENT: have/has + been + -ing

51 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (c) How long has she been working? QUESTION FORM: have/has + subject + been + -ing

52 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (d) Mary is playing the piano right now. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE in progress right now duration of time not mentioned Mary has been playing the piano right now.

53 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (e) Mary has been playing since noon. PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE began in past in progress right now time expressed Mary is playing the piano since noon. (f) Mary has been playing for an hour.

54 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (g) CORRECT: It belongs to Amy. (h) INCORRECT: It is belonging to Amy. (i) CORRECT: She has owned it for one month. (j) INCORRECT: She has been owning it for one month. non-action verbs progressive tenses

55 LET’S PRACTICE My sister _________ the phone. use is using has been using PRESENT PROGRESSIVE OR PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE She _____________ it for three hours. I need to make a call.

56 LET’S PRACTICE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE OR PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE Her parents __________. They ________________ together for over thirty years. dance are dancing have been dancing

57 LET’S PRACTICE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE OR PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE Where are you _______for the summer holiday? I am ______ to the beach. I ______________ to the beach go going have been going every summer since I was a child.

58 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs. PRESENT PERFECT These guys are hiking. They have been hiking for several days.

59 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs. PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE (a) My cousin is hiking with his friends. They have been hiking for several days. repeated activities unspecified times in the past PRESENT PERFECT (b) My cousin has hiked many mountains. duration of present activities, action verbs

60 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs. PRESENT PERFECT (c) INCORRECT: My cousin has been hiking many mountains. (b) My cousin has hiked many mountains.

61 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs. PRESENT PERFECT (e) INCORRECT: The guys have been knowing each other for ten years. (d) The guys have known each other for ten years. duration of present activities, non-action verbs

62 62 (f) I have been studying medicine for one year. OR (g) I have studied medicine for one year. 4-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs. PRESENT PERFECT same meaning

63 63 (h) Rolf has been running every day since he was a child. OR Rolf has run every day since he was a child. 4-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs. PRESENT PERFECT usual, habitual activities either tense okay

64 64 (i) I’ve been studying Spanish ever since I visited Mexico. OR I’ve studied Spanish ever since I visited Mexico. 4-7 PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE vs. PRESENT PERFECT usual, habitual activities either tense okay

65 LET’S PRACTICE PRESENT PERFECT How long ___ your family ______ here? We __________ here for ten years. live lived have lived has

66 LET’S PRACTICE PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE How long ___ your family _________ here? We _____________ here for ten years. live been living have been living has

67 USING ALREADY, YET, STILL, AND ANYMORE I already fed the dog.

68 USING ALREADY, YET, STILL, AND ANYMORE ALREADY (a) I fed the dog thirty minutes ago. I already fed the dog. happened before now Position: midsentence

69 USING ALREADY, YET, STILL, AND ANYMORE YET (b) I usually feed the dog, but I haven’t fed him yet. did not happen before now Position: end of sentence

70 70 (c) I fed the dog thirty minutes ago. He is still hungry. He still wants to eat. (d) I liked classical movies when I was in college. I still like them. (e) It hasn’t rained all week. It still isn’t raining. 4-8 USING ALREADY, YET, STILL, AND ANYMORE STILL

71 71 (c) I fed the dog thirty minutes ago. He is still hungry. He still wants to eat. (d) I liked classical movies when I was in college. I still like them. (e) It hasn’t rained all week. It still isn’t raining. 4-8 USING ALREADY, YET, STILL, AND ANYMORE STILL situation continues to exist Position: midsentence

72 USING ALREADY, YET, STILL, AND ANYMORE ANYMORE (f) I used to be a teacher, but I retired. I don’t work anymore. does not continue Position: end of sentence

73 USING ALREADY, YET, STILL, AND ANYMORE ALREADY (a) I already fed the dog. affirmative sentences YET (b) I haven’t fed him yet. negative sentences ANYMORE (f) I don’t work anymore. (c) He is still hungry. (e) It still isn’t raining. STILL affirmative or negative sentences

74 LET’S PRACTICE already yet still anymore She doesn’t have any money. She _______ spent it all. already

75 LET’S PRACTICE already yet still anymore I did some homework, but I ______ have more to do. still

76 LET’S PRACTICE already yet still anymore We used to be friends, but we had an argument. We don’t like each other ________. anymore

77 PAST PERFECT When they arrived at the store, it had already closed.

78 PAST PERFECT (a) When they arrived at the store, it had already closed. two events in the past 1 st event - Past Perfect 2 nd event – Simple Past

79 PAST PERFECT (b) The store had already closed when they arrived. FORM: had + past participle

80 PAST PERFECT (c) It’d closed. She’d gone home. He’d gone home. They’d gone home. We’d gone home. You’d gone home. CONTRACTION: I / you / she / he / it / we / they + ’d

81 PAST PERFECT PRESENT PERFECT PAST PERFECT X X X X before now (d) I’m not cooking now. I’ve already ordered pizza. before noon (e) I was not cooking at noon. I had already ordered pizza. occurred before now, at an unspecified time occurred before another time in the past

82 PAST PERFECT PAST PROGRESSIVE PAST PERFECT X X (f) I was waiting when the pizza arrived. pizza arrived (g) The pizza had arrived when he came home. in progress at a particular time in the past completed before a particular time in the past he came home pizza arrived began waiting X X

83 PAST PERFECT 1st 2nd I had already gone to bed when it started snowing. a. it started snowing ____ b. I went to bed ____ 1st 2nd

84 PAST PERFECT 1st 2nd I tried to go shopping, but the store had closed. a. store closed ____ b. tried to go shopping ____ 1st 2nd

85 PAST PERFECT 1st 2nd A friend called to suggest a good movie. She had seen it last Friday. a. the friend saw the movie ____ b. the friend called ____ 1st 2nd

86 86 Images used under license from: Shutterstock, Inc. PHOTO CREDITS


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