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2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Wenstrom Bible Ministries Marion, Iowa Pastor-Teacher Bill Wenstrom www.wenstrom.org www.wenstrom.org.

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Presentation on theme: "2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Wenstrom Bible Ministries Marion, Iowa Pastor-Teacher Bill Wenstrom www.wenstrom.org www.wenstrom.org."— Presentation transcript:

1 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Wenstrom Bible Ministries Marion, Iowa Pastor-Teacher Bill Wenstrom

2 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Thursday October 24, 2013 Daniel: Daniel 9:9-God is Merciful and Forgiving with Israel Even Though They Rebelled Against Him Lesson # 264

3 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Please turn in your Bibles to Daniel 9:1.

4 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Daniel 9:1 During Darius first year, Ahasuerus son, who was from Median descent, who was made king over the Chaldeans kingdom- 2 during the first year of his reign, I myself, Daniel understood by means of the scrolls the specific number of years which the word of the Lord communicated to Jeremiah the prophet for completing devastating Jerusalem-seventy years.

5 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries 3 Therefore, I devoted my full attention to my Lord, the one and only God by repeatedly presenting prayer request in the form of pleas for mercy while fasting with sackcloth as well as ashes.

6 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries 4 Indeed, I caused myself to enter into prayer to the Lord my God. Specifically, I caused myself to enter into confession and said, O my Lord, the one and only God, the Great One yes the Awesome One, who is faithful to His covenant because of His unconditional love on behalf of those who love Him, namely on behalf of those who conscientiously observe His commands,

7 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries 5 we have sinned, thus we have done wrong so that we have been condemned as guilty because we have rebelled. Specifically we have deviated from Your commands, that is, from Your laws.

8 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries 6 Furthermore, to our own detriment, we never paid attention to Your servants, the prophets who spoke by Your authority to and for the benefit of our kings as well as our leaders and in addition our ancestors, yes, to and for the benefit of all the people belonging to the land.

9 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries 7 You are righteous my Lord but we are publicly disgraced as is the case this very day. To the detriment of the Judean people as well as to the detriment of Jerusalems inhabitants likewise to the detriment of all Israel, those nearby as well as those far way in all the countries where You have driven them because of their unfaithfulness which they perpetrated against You.

10 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries 8 We are publicly disgraced Lord, to the detriment of our kings, to the detriment of our leaders as well as to the detriment of our ancestors because we have sinned against You. (Authors translation)

11 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Daniel 9:9 To the Lord our God belong compassion and forgiveness, for we have rebelled against Him. (NASB95)

12 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries To the Lord is expressing Gods sovereign authority over Israel and all of creation as well as the personal covenant relationship between Daniel and the God of Israel.

13 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries It also expresses the fact that compassion and forgiveness belong to the God of Israel or in other words, Daniel is saying that as to His character and nature, God is compassionate and forgiving.

14 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Our God indicates that he is appealing to the Lord to sovereignly intervene and restore to the land of Israel and Jerusalem the exiled Jews in Babylon and around the world at the time.

15 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Compassion is the noun rǎ ǎ mîm ( רַחֲמִים) (rakh- am), which literally means acts of mercy or merciful acts.

16 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Therefore, Daniel is literally saying that acts of mercy belong to God but idiomatically, he is saying that as to His nature, God is merciful.

17 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries So this word describes God as compassionate towards sinners in the sense that He pardons them by withholding judgment, which is illustrated with eternal salvation when God the Father does not judge the sinner when they believe in His Son Jesus Christ.

18 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries With regards to Israel, God withholds judgment in the sense that He does not completely wipe out the nation of Israel because He loves the nation.

19 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries He withholds judgment toward Israel when they repent by confessing their sins and obey Him.

20 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries The articular construction of this noun indicates that this compassion is unique to God since it is rooted in divine essence and in particular it is rooted in His attribute of love.

21 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Ephesians 2:1-7 teaches us that Gods attribute of love causes Him to be merciful meaning that God is compassionate towards His enemies and pardons them when they believe in Jesus Christ.

22 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries There are many examples in the Scriptures of divine mercy being expressed towards different individuals and nations throughout history.

23 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Ezra and the Jews returning from their Babylonian captivity were also beneficiaries of the Lords mercy (Ezr. 9:13).

24 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries The Lord was time and time again merciful to the rebellious Exodus generation (Neh. 9:17, 31; Ps. 78:38).

25 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries His mercy has been, is and will be expressed towards every believer in every dispensation who executes the Lords plan for their dispensation (Ps. 103:11).

26 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries His compassion will be expressed towards Israel in the future when they will be regathered from throughout the entire world and restored as client nation to God during the Millennium (Dt. 30:3).

27 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries The Lord expressed His mercy towards Israel in the past by sending prophets to warn them of the impending fifth cycle of discipline if they did not repent and adhere to the Law (2 Ch. 36:15).

28 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Forgiveness is the noun s e lî· ā(h) ( סְלִיחָה) (sel- ee-khaw´), which literally means forgivenesses or acts of forgiveness.

29 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Therefore, Daniel is literally saying that acts of forgiveness belong to God but idiomatically, he is saying that as to His nature, God is forgiving.

30 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries God is forgiving because of His attribute of love.

31 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries The articular construction of this noun indicates that this forgiveness is unique to God since it is rooted in divine essence and in particular it is rooted in His attribute of love.

32 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries The believer is both the object and the subject of forgiveness.

33 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries At the moment of conversion the believer received the forgiveness of his sins in the positional sense (cf. Ephesians 1:7).

34 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries After conversion the believer is commanded to forgive because God has forgiven him (Eph. 4:32; Co. 3:13).

35 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries The believer cannot experience the forgiveness of sins and be restored to fellowship, if he does not forgive others according to Matthew 6:14-15 because not forgiving others is a sin.

36 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries After conversion, the believer experiences the forgiveness of sins when he confesses any known sin to the Father (1 John 1:9; Psalm 32:1-4).

37 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Based upon the merits of the unique voluntary substitutionary spiritual and physical deaths of Christ on the cross, the Father is faithful and just to forgive the believer and restores the believer to fellowship with Himself.

38 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries For we have rebelled against Him is a concessive clause meaning that God is merciful and forgiving even though or despite the fact that Israel rebelled against Him.

39 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries It denotes that although Israel rebelled against Him, God is merciful and compassionate.

40 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Daniel 9:9 My Lord, our God is merciful as well as forgiving even though we have rebelled against Him. (Authors translation)

41 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries After listing the charges and the indictment against Israel in Daniel 9:5-8, here in verse 9 Daniel says to God that He is merciful and forgiving even though Israel rebelled against Him.

42 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries God is merciful and forgiving with Israel because of His attribute of love.

43 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Those in Israel who repent by confessing their sins will receive forgiveness of sins and mercy in the sense that God will withhold judgment and discipline in order to restore the repentant sinner to fellowship with Himself.

44 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Daniel knew this about God because he was a student of the Scriptures.

45 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries He could see from the book of Exodus that as to His nature, God is forgiving and merciful.

46 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries The exodus generation under Moses rebelled against Moses authority and Gods authority many times, yet God did not destroy completely the nation.

47 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Instead in response to Moses intercession, God forgave Israel and withheld judgment by not wiping out the nation completely (cf. Exodus 32-34).

48 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries The fact that God disciplined the nation of Israel by sending her into exile for seventy years in Babylon did not mean that God was withholding mercy and forgiveness from Israel.

49 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries However, it did mean that because He is also righteous, God punished Israels unrepentant sin and rebellion and disobedience.

50 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries The fact that God did not wipe out completely the nation but instead left a faithful remnant is further evidence that God is merciful and forgiving.

51 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries So Daniel is saying that God always treats Israel better than she deserves.

52 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Gods love is magnanimous meaning that God is generous in forgiving insults and injuries without being vindictive and becoming involved in petty resentfulness.

53 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries So magnanimity is related to forgiveness (Col. 3:13-14).

54 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Daniel is asking God to be magnanimous to Israel.

55 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Israel doesnt have a leg to stand on in relation to God.

56 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries They must appeal to Gods merciful and forgiving character and nature if they are to have any hope of a future.

57 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Israel has no excuses.

58 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries They are responsible for their plight.

59 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries Yet, because of his knowledge of Gods character and nature which he acquired through his Old Testament Scriptures such as the Law, Daniel knew that there is always hope for Israel and in fact a confident expectation of a bright future for the nation because God is magnanimous and merciful and forgiving.

60 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries


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