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Wenstrom Bible Ministries Marion, Iowa Pastor-Teacher Bill Wenstrom

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Presentation on theme: "Wenstrom Bible Ministries Marion, Iowa Pastor-Teacher Bill Wenstrom"— Presentation transcript:

1 Wenstrom Bible Ministries Marion, Iowa Pastor-Teacher Bill Wenstrom www.wenstrom.org
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

2 Thursday October 24, Daniel: Daniel 9:9-God is Merciful and Forgiving with Israel Even Though They Rebelled Against Him Lesson # 264 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

3 Please turn in your Bibles to Daniel 9:1.
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

4 Daniel 9:1 During Darius’ first year, Ahasuerus’ son, who was from Median descent, who was made king over the Chaldeans’ kingdom- 2 during the first year of his reign, I myself, Daniel understood by means of the scrolls the specific number of years which the word of the Lord communicated to Jeremiah the prophet for completing devastating Jerusalem-seventy years. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

5 3 Therefore, I devoted my full attention to my Lord, the one and only God by repeatedly presenting prayer request in the form of pleas for mercy while fasting with sackcloth as well as ashes. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

6 4 Indeed, I caused myself to enter into prayer to the Lord my God
4 Indeed, I caused myself to enter into prayer to the Lord my God. Specifically, I caused myself to enter into confession and said, “O my Lord, the one and only God, the Great One yes the Awesome One, who is faithful to His covenant because of His unconditional love on behalf of those who love Him, namely on behalf of those who conscientiously observe His commands, 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

7 5 we have sinned, thus we have done wrong so that we have been condemned as guilty because we have rebelled. Specifically we have deviated from Your commands, that is, from Your laws. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

8 6 Furthermore, to our own detriment, we never paid attention to Your servants, the prophets who spoke by Your authority to and for the benefit of our kings as well as our leaders and in addition our ancestors, yes, to and for the benefit of all the people belonging to the land. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

9 7 You are righteous my Lord but we are publicly disgraced as is the case this very day. To the detriment of the Judean people as well as to the detriment of Jerusalem’s inhabitants likewise to the detriment of all Israel, those nearby as well as those far way in all the countries where You have driven them because of their unfaithfulness which they perpetrated against You. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

10 8 We are publicly disgraced Lord, to the detriment of our kings, to the detriment of our leaders as well as to the detriment of our ancestors because we have sinned against You.” (Author’s translation) 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

11 Daniel 9:9 “To the Lord our God belong compassion and forgiveness, for we have rebelled against Him.” (NASB95) 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

12 “To the Lord” is expressing God’s sovereign authority over Israel and all of creation as well as the personal covenant relationship between Daniel and the God of Israel. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

13 It also expresses the fact that compassion and forgiveness belong to the God of Israel or in other words, Daniel is saying that as to His character and nature, God is compassionate and forgiving. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

14 “Our God” indicates that he is appealing to the Lord to sovereignly intervene and restore to the land of Israel and Jerusalem the exiled Jews in Babylon and around the world at the time. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

15 “Compassion” is the noun rǎ∙ḥǎmîm (רַחֲמִים) (rakh-am), which literally means “acts of mercy” or “merciful acts.” 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

16 Therefore, Daniel is literally saying that acts of mercy belong to God but idiomatically, he is saying that as to His nature, God is merciful. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

17 So this word describes God as compassionate towards sinners in the sense that He pardons them by withholding judgment, which is illustrated with eternal salvation when God the Father does not judge the sinner when they believe in His Son Jesus Christ. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

18 With regards to Israel, God withholds judgment in the sense that He does not completely wipe out the nation of Israel because He loves the nation. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

19 He withholds judgment toward Israel when they repent by confessing their sins and obey Him.
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

20 The articular construction of this noun indicates that this compassion is unique to God since it is rooted in divine essence and in particular it is rooted in His attribute of love. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

21 Ephesians 2:1-7 teaches us that God’s attribute of love causes Him to be “merciful” meaning that God is compassionate towards His enemies and pardons them when they believe in Jesus Christ. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

22 There are many examples in the Scriptures of divine mercy being expressed towards different individuals and nations throughout history. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

23 Ezra and the Jews returning from their Babylonian captivity were also beneficiaries of the Lord’s mercy (Ezr. 9:13). 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

24 The Lord was time and time again merciful to the rebellious Exodus generation (Neh. 9:17, 31; Ps. 78:38). 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

25 His mercy has been, is and will be expressed towards every believer in every dispensation who executes the Lord’s plan for their dispensation (Ps. 103:11). 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

26 His compassion will be expressed towards Israel in the future when they will be regathered from throughout the entire world and restored as client nation to God during the Millennium (Dt. 30:3). 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

27 The Lord expressed His mercy towards Israel in the past by sending prophets to warn them of the impending fifth cycle of discipline if they did not repent and adhere to the Law (2 Ch. 36:15). 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

28 “Forgiveness” is the noun selî·ḥā(h) (סְלִיחָה) (sel-ee-khaw´), which literally means “forgivenesses” or “acts of forgiveness.” 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

29 Therefore, Daniel is literally saying that acts of forgiveness belong to God but idiomatically, he is saying that as to His nature, God is forgiving. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

30 God is forgiving because of His attribute of love.
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

31 The articular construction of this noun indicates that this forgiveness is unique to God since it is rooted in divine essence and in particular it is rooted in His attribute of love. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

32 The believer is both the object and the subject of forgiveness.
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

33 At the moment of conversion the believer received the forgiveness of his sins in the positional sense (cf. Ephesians 1:7). 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

34 After conversion the believer is commanded to forgive because God has forgiven him (Eph. 4:32; Co. 3:13). 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

35 The believer cannot experience the forgiveness of sins and be restored to fellowship, if he does not forgive others according to Matthew 6:14-15 because not forgiving others is a sin. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

36 After conversion, the believer “experiences” the forgiveness of sins when he confesses any known sin to the Father (1 John 1:9; Psalm 32:1-4). 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

37 Based upon the merits of the unique voluntary substitutionary spiritual and physical deaths of Christ on the cross, the Father is faithful and just to forgive the believer and restores the believer to fellowship with Himself. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

38 “For we have rebelled against Him” is a concessive clause meaning that God is merciful and forgiving “even though” or “despite the fact that” Israel rebelled against Him. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

39 It denotes that “although” Israel rebelled against Him, God is merciful and compassionate.
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

40 Daniel 9:9 “My Lord, our God is merciful as well as forgiving even though we have rebelled against Him.” (Author’s translation) 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

41 After listing the charges and the indictment against Israel in Daniel 9:5-8, here in verse 9 Daniel says to God that He is merciful and forgiving even though Israel rebelled against Him. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

42 God is merciful and forgiving with Israel because of His attribute of love.
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

43 Those in Israel who repent by confessing their sins will receive forgiveness of sins and mercy in the sense that God will withhold judgment and discipline in order to restore the repentant sinner to fellowship with Himself. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

44 Daniel knew this about God because he was a student of the Scriptures.
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

45 He could see from the book of Exodus that as to His nature, God is forgiving and merciful.
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

46 The exodus generation under Moses rebelled against Moses’ authority and God’s authority many times, yet God did not destroy completely the nation. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

47 Instead in response to Moses’ intercession, God forgave Israel and withheld judgment by not wiping out the nation completely (cf. Exodus 32-34). 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

48 The fact that God disciplined the nation of Israel by sending her into exile for seventy years in Babylon did not mean that God was withholding mercy and forgiveness from Israel. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

49 However, it did mean that because He is also righteous, God punished Israel’s unrepentant sin and rebellion and disobedience. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

50 The fact that God did not wipe out completely the nation but instead left a faithful remnant is further evidence that God is merciful and forgiving. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

51 So Daniel is saying that God always treats Israel better than she deserves.
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

52 God’s love is “’magnanimous” meaning that God is generous in forgiving insults and injuries without being vindictive and becoming involved in petty resentfulness. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

53 So magnanimity is related to forgiveness (Col. 3:13-14).
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

54 Daniel is asking God to be magnanimous to Israel.
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

55 Israel doesn’t have a leg to stand on in relation to God.
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

56 They must appeal to God’s merciful and forgiving character and nature if they are to have any hope of a future. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

57 Israel has no excuses. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

58 They are responsible for their plight.
2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

59 Yet, because of his knowledge of God’s character and nature which he acquired through his Old Testament Scriptures such as the Law, Daniel knew that there is always hope for Israel and in fact a confident expectation of a bright future for the nation because God is magnanimous and merciful and forgiving. 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries

60 2013 William E. Wenstrom, Jr. Bible Ministries


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