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© ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 1 Project Choice David R. Selviah Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering University College.

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Presentation on theme: "© ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 1 Project Choice David R. Selviah Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering University College."— Presentation transcript:

1 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 1 Project Choice David R. Selviah Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering University College London Phone: Fax:

2 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 2 n n Introduction, Motivation n n The 3rd Year Project n n Choosing a Project n n Daily Activities n n Choosing a Subject n n Think of your own idea, Course Choices n n Choose your supervisor n n Define Project with Supervisor n n Academics Research Areas Resource n n Curriculum Vitae n n Checklist, Daily Activities Table Outline

3 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 3 Introduction The purpose of this talk is n to provide you with a common tutorial experience about how to choose a project n to challenge how you might otherwise have chosen a project and your decision making process n to give you unified guidelines on how to write a curriculum vitae (CV)

4 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 4 Into the Project n In embarking on a project you will be stepping away from the educational world you know where u All equations can be solved analytically u A function is always simple like a cosine or a Gaussian. u You are told what is important. u You are provided with comprehensive lecture notes which contain all the facts to solve the problem. u You are told which books contain all the answers. u Your tutor knows the way to solve the problem. n You will be stepping into the real world where none of this is true.

5 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 5 Into the Project n The project guidelines are at Direct queries to the project co-ordinator :Dr Fernandez n In the project u You are in charge giving you freedom but responsibility u You need to decide what is important u You need to search for it or develop it. n The supervisors job is not to tell you what to do next so don’t expect him to do that. n It is your job to work out what to do next, knowing the goal to be achieved.

6 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 6 Motivation n You will be spending a fair amount of your time on the project. n The project mark is substantial being worth 1/4 of the third year marks equivalent to 2 courses. n However, it should also be considered that employers pay special attention to project work so effectively the project has a higher weight as far as employers are concerned. n So it is worth thinking carefully about your choice of project.

7 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 7 Motivation n The only way to carry out a difficult project is to be really highly motivated to do well and to work hard. n This type of motivation can only come if the project is something you really enjoy so that you want to think about it all the time. n So make sure you choose a project that motivates you if you want a good mark. n Do not expect your supervisor to motivate you by scolding you if you don’t work hard enough!

8 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 8 Motivation n Most students choose an interesting project and enjoy the experience and look back on it as being one of the most enjoyable learning experience in the whole of their time at university. n Most universities allocate projects to students but we let you choose. n It helps you to learn how to make serious decisions and teaches you to have the responsibility to live with the consequences.

9 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 9 Employment Motivation n When you go for a job interview the first thing the interviewer is likely to talk about is your project. n The project is the most similar activity to the company's working environment. n They don’t pay you to memorise and take exams! n They don’t even pay you because you work hard. n They pay you to produce results and achieve goals by specified deadlines. n They expect you to learn whatever is necessary in order to overcome any obstacle you encounter.

10 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 10 Employment Motivation n The project is a learning experience that tries to approximate the real work situation. n However, the marking is not just for the results. n Marks are also given for the whole process of finding the results as well.

11 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 11 Employment Motivation n The interviewer will be very happy if you have done a project in the same subject area as that of the company as this shows a continuing interest in this subject. n However, it is more important that you have carried out a project well whether it is in the same area or not. n So you should be thinking about in which subject area you wish to work. n A short project is a good way to try out a subject area to see if it is what you want to do for the rest of your life. n If you don’t like it you can change to another area when you apply for a job or when you choose your next project.

12 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 12 The 3rd Year Project n A misleading name n It is more like a month project spread out over a year. n Mainly for you to learn how to carry out a project. n Generally of little or no benefit to your supervisor. n You will learn how to interact with a supervisor u to get the most help u to get constructive criticism and to accept it positively u to impress him and so get good marks

13 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 13 The 3rd Year Project n You will practice u “The Scientific Method”. u The importance of logical deduction u Debugging a program or circuit or hardware u Maintaining a positive attitude even when everything is breaking down or crashing. u Managing a complex set of tasks in a limited time.

14 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 14 The 3rd Year Project n Two of the most useful skills you will practice and enhance are: n How to break down a problem or obstacle into a series of simpler tasks which can then be scheduled and completed to solve the problem. n How to search for the required information and knowledge and to learn it and then use it to solve a problem.

15 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 15 Questions n What do you think you should consider in coming to a decision about which project to do? n Which lectures have you enjoyed the most? n Was it because of the subject or the lecturer? n What did you enjoy before you came here? n What hobbies did you have before you came here? n What job do you want to do?

16 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 16 Choosing a Project To complete successfully an enjoyable project you must: n Choose your supervisor well n Choose the daily activities that you want to do n Choose your subject area appropriately Homework: u Decide what order of importance you would put these in and discuss your decision with your tutor. u Choose and research your subject area u Define your project with your supervisor

17 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 17 Daily activities n Most students start choosing a project by considering the subject area. n The ultimate goal may sound exciting and you may want to be part of the team trying to achieve that goal. n Although the subject area may be appealing the actual work you will be carrying out day to day may not be. n You will be spending most of your time on the daily activities such as electronic design, calculation, writing and debugging computer programs, constructing electrical or optical experiments or fabrication of devices. n So you need to consider how much of each of these you want to do in your project.

18 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 18 Daily activities n Homework: What proportion of each of the following activities do you want to do in the project? Discuss with your tutor. n Its hard to do maths without a computer to plot graphs of results.

19 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 19 Daily activities n Computing Project u Can do it any time in the day when you are free. u Can do it at home if you purchase the software licence and if it does not require a hardware key - dongle. n Hardware Project u Can only do at certain times u May need to share expensive equipment which may break down u May need to purchase components and wait for delivery. u Fun and a sense of achievement when experiment works.

20 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 20 Choosing a Project Subject n Look at a list of projects on a web page n Approach supervisor for ideas n Think of your own idea n Choose third year courses and similar project.

21 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 21 Look on web project list n Look at n Only a few academics will usually post some projects on the web page early. Another few will post some projects at random times later n So you may not book a project in the hope that a better project may be posted later. n If a new project is posted and you don’t see it straight away someone else may book it. n There is a temptation to book a project from one posted early in case all of the others are worse.

22 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 22 Look on web project list n Posted projects on the web page encourage students to visit that academic but not necessarily to do those projects. n Usually students agree with supervisors on a project after a discussion.

23 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 23 Approach Supervisor n To identify which supervisor might supervise which topic n Look at the web page where their interests are listed n Once you have found an academic arrange a meeting with them by or phone, if possible. They may not be there if you knock on their door n ASK the academic if they have or can think of any projects to suit your interests and abilities.

24 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 24 Approach Supervisor n Don’t ask him which project would be easiest or the least work! n ASK present third year students about their projects and supervisors. n ATTEND the third year students project presentations near the end of term (usually all day on a Wednesday around 19th March) n This will give you ideas of what projects are available, who supervises them, how difficult it is to give a good talk and what the question session is like. n Very interesting projects are also offered by staff of other departments: Medical Physics, CS

25 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 25 Think of your own idea n An alternative approach would be for you to SUGGEST a project that you would like to do and ask whether the academic would agree to supervise it. n It could be something based on your hobbies such as an electric guitar chorus pedal, or building a robot, or building a bat detector. n You will not find these amongst the academics research interests although they may have supervised such projects before and may be willing to do so again.

26 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 26 Think of your own idea n Obviously if you suggest an idea it will need to be at the required academic level to be considered as a 3rd year project. n If not your supervisor will reject it or he he may suggest how it can be modified to meet the required standard. n Do not assume that you will be able to find anyone who is willing to supervise a project suggested by you.

27 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 27 Course Choices n If you choose the project first then you should ask your new supervisor for help in choosing courses which will help your project and which balance effort between the two terms. n If you choose the courses first try to balance the number you attend each term. Then think of a project which overlaps as much of the course material as possible. n By doing this you will make a lot less work for yourself as the courses help the project and vice versa.

28 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 28 Choose your Supervisor n An important factor in successful completion of an enjoyable project is your relationship with your supervisor. n You have one character and your supervisor another character. n You need to choose someone with whom you can work. n Someone you like or at least respect. n Certainly someone you can ask for criticism of your work and from whom you can accept it as a useful way for you to improve. n It’s the only way to learn and improve.

29 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 29 Choose your Supervisor n Academics are all different characters. n Do you want a young, energetic, enthusiastic supervisor who is always pushing you forwards to produce results, and wants to see you at least once a week to report progress? n May be good for students who need motivating.

30 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 30 Choose your Supervisor n Do you want a supervisor with a vast experience, international reputation, large research group who is often invited to give talks in other countries and so may not be easy to meet but when you do see him it is tremendously useful? n He is likely to have a large research group with Postdocs and Research Students who can help you on a daily basis. n Likely to have a lot of very expensive brand new equipment for experiments. n Likely to have a lot of money to purchase more equipment or software.

31 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 31 Choose your Supervisor n You may only have seen your supervisor in lectures. n Many academics are quite different when you meet them in their offices on a one-to-one basis. n Students find that some academics who frighten them in lectures are actually very helpful and friendly on a one-to- one basis. n So don’t judge them just on their appearance in lectures. n Visit them in their offices first to find out what they are like. n Ask their project students what they are like. n See the project presentations on ~19th March.

32 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 32 Choose your Supervisor n Booking projects is on a first come first served basis. n Some supervisors are very, very popular because of their project topics. n Supervisors are limited to a maximum of 5 project students n So they soon become booked up. n Students might rush and book up projects without giving enough consideration. n They may then not enjoy their project and may try to change to another supervisor and another project but it may then be too late to find a good choice available.

33 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 33 Define Project with Supervisor n Discuss the project goals with prospective supervisor. n Supervisor can make project harder/easier to match the required academic standard and shorter/longer to match what is possible in the time. n Project needs to interest you a lot - it should absolutely fascinate you and be so interesting that you want to do it during your free time because it is fun. n You may want it to be in areas you are good at or new areas you want to learn about. n Project should match your table of desirable proportions of daily activities.

34 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 34 Define Project with Supervisor n Supervisor needs to be able to supervise project. n It can be in his area of expertise. n Or can be in a new area which interests him n Academics are experts at carrying out projects no matter what the area as the principles are the same. n Only £100 is allocated to the supervisor for project costs.

35 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 35 Academic Supervisor n Every time you see the academics they are teaching you. n However, this is only part of what they are expected to do. n The rest of their time is spent on research. n (Part of their teaching and research time is spent on administration and management too.)

36 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 36 Academic Supervisor n Some academics have a research group consisting of: u Postdoctoral Research Assistants (RAs or Postdocs) whom they employ to carry out research, u Research Students who are working towards higher degrees such as MPhil, MRes, EngD, PhD. u Academic Visitors from other countries n It is beneficial to a BEng, MEng, MSc student to carry out his/her project in the research group in the same subject area and aiming towards the same goal.

37 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 37 Academic Supervisor n The members of the research group can often help the student with solving day to day problems in the project. n They are usually closer to the students age and a student may find it easier to talk to them. n Sometimes a project is closely related to the work of a member of the group and he will give you day-to-day supervision. n Of course the academic supervisor remains in overall charge and will oversee and direct the course of your project.

38 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 38 Academic Supervisor n Supervisors usually are members of staff of the EE department but it is possible to have supervisors from Computer Science or Medical Physics department. n In these cases the second assessor will be appointed from within the EE department.

39 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 39 Academic Supervisor n Each academic carries out research in a certain area of knowledge which is his/her specialist topic area. n You need to find out these so that you know who to approach to supervise a project in an area that you like. n List of all academics research activities and here. n Look at the academics personal web pages e.g. n Look at the research groups web page e.g. n Ask one academic who knows what everyone does.

40 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 40 Research Areas Digital RF and Radar Networks Materials Computing Maths Digital Telecoms Optics

41 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 41 Research Layers Devices Systems Materials

42 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 42 Chris Todd n Mobile software agent application to communications n Aspects of active networks n Fixed-Mobile convergence service issues n Broadband Services n Open Service Access n Service Management - PBNM

43 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 43 Hermann de Meer n Networking and Distributed Systems Research Group n IP Networking and Performance Modelling u Peer-to-Networks u Ad-hoc Networks u Overlay Networks u Quality of Service in IP u Security u Ambience and Home Networking u IPv6 u Business models of infrastructureless networks

44 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 44 Lionel Sacks n Service Engineering - Distributed Systems, Integrity (robust, high availability), system design, service traffic/QoS, mobile services, multimedia services n Network and Service Management - Traffic engineering/QoS, policy management, topologies-fixed and ad-hoc n Complex Systems - self organising systems/criticality, decentralised/emergent algorithms, users-systems interactions/dynamics n Business Models - policies, micro-economics n Knowledge Management n Classical Telecoms Networks

45 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 45 Izzat Darwazeh n Optical and wireless communications systems n Design, modelling and experimentation n High speed optical communications n Radio over fibre systems n Fibre over access systems n Mobile and wireless communication systems n Communication systems modelling n High speed circuits and MMICs n Multimedia transmission over fibre

46 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 46 John Mitchell n Optical and wireless communications systems n Design, modelling and experimentation n High speed optical communications n Radio over fibre systems n Fibre over access systems n Mobile and wireless communication systems n Communication systems modelling n High speed circuits and MMICs

47 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 47 Alwyn Seeds n Optical communications, opto-electronic devices, lasers, microwave photonics n Tuneable and mode-locked semiconductor lasers n Ultra-fast optical communications n Optical Access networks n Quantum well modulators and saturable absorbers n Dense wavelength division multiplex n Optical control of microwave devices n Fibre-Radio

48 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 48 Polina Bayvel n Optical Communications: networks, transmission and devices n Optical Network Architectures: optical burst switching, optical packet networks, wavelength routed optical networks n Static and Dynamic wavelength routing and allocation algorithms and scheduling n Ultra-high speed WDM transmission: n Optical non-linearities and fundamental limitation to fibre transmission n Ultra-short pulse propagation in dispersive media: n New optical devices for short pulse generation, multiwavelength clock recovery and regeneration, routers/crossconnects, tuneable lasers

49 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 49 Robert Killey n Optical Communications n Ultra-high speed WDM transmission systems n Optical fibre non-linearities: fundamental limitations to optical fibre capacity n Optical communication system theory and simulation n Wavelength routed optical networks n Network planning and performance monitoring

50 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 50 Chris Pitt n Optical and electronic materials n Optical devices n Semiconductor devices

51 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 51 Ian Boyd n Thin films for nanotechnology n Nanotechnology n Laser Applications n Ultraviolet sources and applications n High and low k dielectrics n Advanced optical and microelectronic devices n Si, SiGe, SiGeC Devices n Silicon Oxidation

52 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 52 Richard Jackman n Diamond Electronics n The growth of diamond and other wide band gap semiconductors n Fabrication of micro and optoelectronic devices from diamond n Control of defects and carrier transport within diamond. n Laser processing of electronic materials.

53 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 53 Tony Kenyon n Optoelectronic and Nanostructured Materials n Rare-earth doped optical materials n Light emission from silicon n Technological plasmas and plasma processing n Nanostructured optical materials

54 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 54 Paul Warburton n Nanoelectronic Materials and Devices n Superconductivity n Carbon Nanotubes n Carbon Buckyballs n Quantum Electronic Devices n Josephson Junctions n Nanolithography n Focussed Ion-Beam Nanofabrication Techniques

55 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 55 David Garner n Semiconductor devices, silicon fabrication and processing technology, field-emission and MEMs n Silicon RF MOSFETs n Silicon power devices n Silicon Power ICs n Field Emission n Magnetic Sensors n Silicon micromachining and MEMS n Electron beam lithography

56 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 56 Sally Day n Liquid crystal devices n Liquid crystal displays n Optical properties of liquid crystals n Numerical modelling of displays and other liquid crystal devices n Non-display applications of liquid crystals including as optical filters for telecoms and sensors n Use of liquid crystals for microwave devices n Microlenses and their applications

57 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 57 Anibal Fernandez n Computer modelling of n - liquid crystal devices n - optical devices n - microwave/antennas n Applications of liquid crystals in microwave and optical devices n Computer modelling in Electromagnetics n Numerical methods

58 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 58 David R. Selviah n Optical Systems and Devices and Pattern Recognition n 10 Gbit/s WDM ring LAN as a polymer optical waveguide backplane interconnect n Gratings on slab waveguides with microlenses for WDM n 3D TV using variable focal length microlenses n Wavelength tuneable filters for WDM n Nano-optical devices, Coherence modulation n Pattern Recognition: Neural networks, simulated annealing, correlators n Computer generated holograms, Holographic Memories

59 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 59 Hugh Griffiths n Radar and Sonar n Smart Antennas n Signal Processing n Bistatic Radar n Synthetic aperture radar/sonar n Electromagnetics

60 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 60 Chris Baker n Radar n Sonar n RF n Electronic Warfare technology and techniques

61 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 61 Paul Brennan n Microwaves/RF Electronics n Phase locked loops n Synthesisers n Antennas n Radar n Chaos n RF Tags

62 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 62 Karl Woodbridge n Radar and Air Traffic Control Systems n Radar n Air Traffic Control n Avionics n Satellite Communications n Global Positioning Systems

63 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 63 David Haigh n Analogue integrated circuits n Microwave integrated circuits n High linearity amplifiers n High frequency filters n Gallium Arsenide devices and circuits n Switched capacitor filters n Active filters

64 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 64 Andreas Demosthenous n Design of Analogue and mixed-signal integrated circuits n Applications u Communications u Video Coding u Error-Control Coding u Medical Electronics

65 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 65 Mick Flanagan n Bioelectronics and biomedical sensing: design, fabrication and modelling n Biosensors n Biochips n Control systems in bio/medicine n Modelling of biosystems (C++ and JAVA)

66 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 66 Nina Thornhill n Monitoring and control in oil, chemicals and pharmaceutical processes n Process control n Process data analysis n Signal Processing n Process Measurement n Plant-wide performance assessment n NOT robotics, electro-mechanical system, hardware

67 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 67 Tom Crummey n Computer Networks n Control Systems n Parallel Processing n Can only take 2 project students

68 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 68 John Pollard n Bluetooth - applications such as mobile medical monitoring, intelligent sensors using Kalman filters, routing in ad hoc networks, mobile agents, TCP/IP n Simulation of communication systems (in C) n Imaging software, including compression n WAP phone programming (in Java) n Software systems (e.g. interrogating databases via PDA/WAP, controlling WebCams) n Web-based programming (distributed computation, remote measurements, distance learning)

69 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 69 Paul Radmore n Analytical Mathematics n Applied to u Approximation Methods u Quantum Optics

70 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 70 Curriculum Vitae n You must prepare a Curriculum Vitae (CV) n This will be useful for applying for summer jobs and for your permanent job. n Look at web site for instructions n Visit UCL and UoL Careers Centre. n Prepare a CV. n Take your CV to your tutor and discuss its layout and content and then make an improved version. n Take CV to Careers Service for extra comments n You may need to go around this loop again.

71 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 71 Curriculum Vitae n Please go to n UCL Careers Service n Gordon Square n and ask for the double sided flyer and the somewhat larger booklet on how to write a CV. n You can “drop in” there once you have written your CV and they are happy to comment on it to help you to improve it. n They also provide details of companies requesting students for holiday placements: Hobson’s guide, Prospects, University of London website.

72 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 72 Curriculum Vitae n Layout is important as it gives your employer their first impression of you. n The interviewer only looks at it for 3 (!) seconds before discarding it so if they have not obtained the key data by then you will have failed. n Your CV needs to be presented in a relevant way. n You need to emphasise the skills that are important for your potential employer. n Give proof of your ability, don’t just say that you are hard working. n After reading your CV the interviewer should be left with a lasting favourable impression.

73 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 73 Curriculum Vitae Personal details name (put family name in CAPITALS) address (with dates if more than one) telephone number (and ) date of birth nationality sex

74 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 74 Curriculum Vitae Education Dates: details of your university education First year courses studied with course marks GCSEs & A-levels (or equivalent) with grades Prizes awarded, titles of project performed Work experience Dates: Companies Text saying what useful skills you learnt

75 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 75 Curriculum Vitae Skills foreign languages computing languages or packages keyboard skills driving

76 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 76 Curriculum Vitae Leisure interests sports music, drama and other cultural activities membership of clubs and societies positions of responsibility in clubs and societies Referees Your first year and second year tutors all of their contact details, especially addresses.

77 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 77 Checklist n Decide what order of importance you would put these in and discuss your decision with your tutor: Daily activities, Supervisor, Subject? n What proportion of each of the daily activities do you want to do in the project? Fill in the table on the next page. Discuss with your tutor. n Decide on a subject area and look into it in the library. n Prepare your CV taking care to put all your first and second year courses. n Make your first appointment with a potential supervisor n Define your project with your supervisor

78 © ©UCL (University College London) 2003 Key Skills 78 Daily Activities Table


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