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TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Milan case city Angelo.

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Presentation on theme: "TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Milan case city Angelo."— Presentation transcript:

1 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Milan case city Angelo Martino TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 Polytechnic of Milan Department of Architecture and Planning

2 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Milan case city - data

3 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Fonte: Atlante della competitività Milan case city - data

4 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Development of population Milan case city - data

5 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Development of population Milan case city - data

6 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Production sectors Milan case city - data

7 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Development of employees Milan case city - data

8 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Milan case city - data Car ownership

9 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Milan case city - data Commuting trips

10 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Spatial and functional structure of the Milan region / 1 Compact, intense built and mostly industrial areas, partially dismissed and now under re-use interventions Low urbanised areas, mostly agricultural, now subject to scattered development Compact growth areas along main transport infrastructures Milan case city – qualitative analysis

11 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning A monocentric system where in the core “higher” urban function are more and more concentrated A “wave” system of urban quality, social classes, land value… with peaks in the city core, in the centre of first ring municipalities and in the second ring scattered development A polycentric system based on the historical urban centres surrounding Milan Milan case city – qualitative analysis Spatial and functional structure of the Milan region / 2

12 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning From mid’70 to now Milan city has been loosing 1/3 population From early’80 Municipalities surrounding Milan has began loosing population moving to second ring, but the whole study area has not shown relevant decrement Particularly in the last ten years new tertiary, financial and cultural activity have settled in the core of the city Loss of population in central areas is in part mitigated by the presence of immigrants and “city users” “Low value” activity moved outward, in part outside study area Milan case city – qualitative analysis Migration flows and location choices in the Milan region /1

13 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Migration flows and location choices in the Milan region /2 Main factors influenced the phenomenon: Lack of planning regulations and policies Cultural factors and households’ life-cycle Economic factors Perceived decrease in quality of life in the city core Locational freedom Milan case city – qualitative analysis

14 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Structure of mobility patterns a quantitative increase of mobility a qualitative fragmentation of mobility Intra-urban mobility, mostly served by public means of transport Radial mobility between central city and surrounding areas Horizontal mobility arising from external areas (mainly in the north of the region) where a consistent transport demand is autonomous from the Milan node Milan case city – qualitative analysis

15 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Definitions of sprawl Respondents describe different typologies of urban sprawl: high quality of housing stock The sprawling residential suburbs: The sprawl of deprived peripheries: Non-residential sprawl: lack of elements that constitute the “urban” character lack of sense of community to loss of identity of space and population isolation can be only partially overcome by the use of private transport, in part because of congestion Pheripheral areas of main and secondary centres was (and still are) left aside by regeneration policies here sprawl is characterised by high density and deprived social and physical environment typical of highly land-consuming and highly accessible activity (commercial centres, leisure clusters) on main transport infrastructures Cause an erosion of the original historical structure of the region favouring the loss of identity Milan case city – qualitative analysis

16 TRT Trasporti e Territorio SCATTER workshop October 24 th 2003 – Polytechnic of Milan – Department of Architecture and Planning Awareness as a knowledge issue The scale of the analysis can change perception and definition of problems: The set of data to be used to investigate urban sprawl can’t be only census data because it can’t survey phenomenon like immigration, city users…. “local” scale considers Milan and its immediate surroundings and allow detecting a diffusive type of growth regional/interregional scale, where Milan is one node of a polycentric system in a compact conurbation that do not respects administrative boundaries. Urban sprawl should be observed at this scale also temporal scale have to be considered Milan case city – qualitative analysis


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