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SCATTER WORKSHOP 24.10.2003Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants SCATTER SPRAWLING CITIES AND TRANSPORT: FROM EVALUATION TO RECOMMENDATIONS SCATTER WORKSHOP MILAN.

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Presentation on theme: "SCATTER WORKSHOP 24.10.2003Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants SCATTER SPRAWLING CITIES AND TRANSPORT: FROM EVALUATION TO RECOMMENDATIONS SCATTER WORKSHOP MILAN."— Presentation transcript:

1 SCATTER WORKSHOP Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants SCATTER SPRAWLING CITIES AND TRANSPORT: FROM EVALUATION TO RECOMMENDATIONS SCATTER WORKSHOP MILAN OCTOBER 24 th, 2003 Urban sprawl – the evaluation framework

2 SCATTER WORKSHOP Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants Two methods for describing urban sprawl Urban sprawl variables Sustainability indicators and indices

3 SCATTER WORKSHOP Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants Urban sprawl variables CO2eq.ton/inhabitant /a Private vehicle-kmkm/inhabitant/a Total travel timeminutes/trip Transport generalised cost€/inhabitant/a Modal share –car% –public modes% Inhabitants in urbanised zones# Employees in urbanised zones# Statistics describing different patterns of urban sprawl (relative growth, H-measure etc.)

4 SCATTER WORKSHOP Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants Population density % of jobs within city center Energy consumption of transport (MJ/capita) Car vehicle-km/capita Traffic accidents /milj. inhabitants Public transport service (vehicle-km/ capita) Helsinki Milan Stuttgart Helsinki Milan Stuttgart Helsinki Milan Stuttgart Helsinki Milan Stuttgart Brussels Helsinki Milan Stuttgart Helsinki Milan Stuttgart Brussels

5 SCATTER WORKSHOP Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants Population growth

6 SCATTER WORKSHOP Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants Sustainability assessment What is sustainability in urban planning context? Institutional framework Environmental sustainability Economic efficiency Social sustainability Comprehensive For a city to be sustainable it needs to use resources in an efficient and equitable way within the carrying capacities of the environmental and social systems it is dependent on.

7 SCATTER WORKSHOP Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants Indicators are defined to measure each dimension of sustainability. The indicator themes are: Health Equity Opportunities Accessibility and traffic ENVIRONMENTAL Global climate change Air pollution Consumption of natural sources Environmental quality Total net benefit from transport SOCIAL ECONOMIC

8 SCATTER WORKSHOP Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants Environmental indicators Global climate change Greenhouse gases from transport Air pollution Acidifying gases from transport Volatile organic compounds from transport Consumption of natural sources Consumption of mineral oil products, transport Land coverage Need for additional new construction Environmental quality Fragmentation of open space Quality of open space Environmental Index

9 SCATTER WORKSHOP Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants Social indicators… Health Exposure to particulate matter from transport in the living environment Exposure to nitrogen dioxide from transport in the living environment Exposure to traffic noise Traffic deaths Traffic injuries Equity Justice of distribution of economic benefits Justice of exposure to particulates Justice of exposure to nitrogen dioxides Justice of exposure to noise Segregation

10 SCATTER WORKSHOP Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants …Social indicators Opportunities Housing standard Vitality of city centre Vitality of surrounding region Productivity gain from land use Accessibility Total time spent in traffic Level of service of public transport and slow modes Accessibility to city centre Accessibility to services Accessibility to open space Social Index

11 SCATTER WORKSHOP Virpi Pastinen/LT Consultants Economic indicators Transport investment costs Transport user benefits Transport operator benefits Government benefits from transport Transport investment costs Transport external accidents costs Transport external emissions costs Transport external greenhouse gases Transport external noise costs Economic index: total savings €/inhabitant (NPV)


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