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Bloodborne Pathogens Standard Requirements. TOSHA believes the information in this presentation to be accurate and delivers this presentation as a community.

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Presentation on theme: "Bloodborne Pathogens Standard Requirements. TOSHA believes the information in this presentation to be accurate and delivers this presentation as a community."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bloodborne Pathogens Standard Requirements

2 TOSHA believes the information in this presentation to be accurate and delivers this presentation as a community service. As such, it is an academic presentation which cannot apply to every specific fact or situation; nor is it a substitute for any provisions of 29 CFR Part 1910 and/or Part 1926 of the Occupational Safety and Health Standards as adopted by the Tennessee Department of Labor and Workforce Development or of the Occupational Safety and Health Rules of the Tennessee Department of Labor and Workforce Development.

3 Bloodborne Pathogens 4 Pathogenic micro- organisms present in human blood that can lead to diseases 4 Human immuno- deficiency virus (HIV) 4 Hepatitis B (HBV) 4 Hepatitis C (HCV)

4 Other Bloodborne Pathogens 4 Syphilis 4 Malaria 4 Brucellosis 4 Babesiosis 4 Leptospirosis 4 Arborviral Infections 4 Relapsing Fever 4 Creutzfeld-Jacobs Disease--Mad-cow 4 Viral Hemorrahgic Fever--Ebola

5 Potentially Infectious Materials – All Can Transmit Hepatitis B, C, and HIV 4 Blood 4 Semen 4 Vaginal secretions 4 Cerebrospinal fluid 4 Pleural fluid 4 Pericardial fluid 4 Peritoneal fluid 4 Amniotic fluid 4 Saliva in dental proc. 4 Any visibly contaminated body fluid 4 Any body fluid where differentiation is difficult 4 Any unfixed tissue or organ 4 Aqueous and vitreous humors in the eyes

6 Other Body Fluids 4 These body fluids do NOT have enough virus in them to transmit disease UNLESS they are contaminated with blood –Urine –Feces –Tears –Sweat –Vomitus –Spit

7 Modes of Transmission 4 Stick or Cut 4 Splash to mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, mouth 4 Non-intact skin exposure

8 Universal Precautions 4 Must be observed 4 All blood and body fluids are treated as if known to be infected with HIV, HBV, HCV, etc. 4 Do not come into contact with another person's blood or body fluids

9 Exposure Control Plan 4 Employer's plan describing how compliance with the standard is achieved 4 Describes what employees are covered 4 Describes tasks that are covered 4 Describes post-exposure follow-up procedures 4 Must be reviewed and updated annually 4 Must be accessible to employees –Every employee should know the procedure to follow to obtain a copy

10 Exposure Control Plan 4 Safer Medical Devices –The Exposure Control Plan must be updated every 12 months to reflect evaluation, consideration, and selection of appropriate devices –Document in the plan the devises evaluated and those currently used –Front line employees must be involved in the selection of devices

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13 Handwashing 4 The single most important aspect of infection control 4 Wash hands when contaminated with blood or body fluids and after removing personal protective equipment 4 Use antiseptic hand cleaner clean paper/cloth towels or antiseptic towelettes when "in the field" 4 Wash hands with soap and water asap

14 4 Use sharps with sharps injury prevention or needleless systems for all procedures involving sharps 4 Place in puncture resistant, labeled, leak-proof containers for transport, storage, and/or disposal 4 Keep the container closed 4 Do not bend, break, recap, or remove needles 4 Do not pick up contaminated broken glass directly with the hands 4 Do not reach by hand into containers where contaminated sharps are placed 4 Do not overall sharps containers Needles/Sharp Objects

15 Eating/Drinking 4 Do not eat or drink in areas where there is exposure to blood or body fluids 4 Do not store food in refrigerators, freezers, cabinets, on shelves or countertops where blood or other body fluids are present

16 Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 4 Wear PPE to prevent blood or body fluids from getting on your clothes, skin, underclothes, etc. 4 Must be provided at no cost to the employee 4 Employer must enforce the use 4 Must be removed prior to leaving the work area and placed in designated area

17 PPE 4 Parental exposure –stick or cut 4 Mucous membrane –splash 4 Non-intact skin –spill or splash 4 gloves 4 gowns 4 glasses/ goggles 4 masks 4 pocket masks 4 shoe covers

18 Decontamination 4 Clean and decontaminate all equipment and environmental and working surfaces after contact with blood and/or body fluids 4 Decontaminate with appropriate disinfectant –EPA registered tuberculocidal disinfectant –EPA registered disinfectant with label stating it is effective against HIV and HBV –Household bleach, diluted 1:10-1:100, made fresh daily

19 Contaminated Laundry 4 Remove contaminated clothing when it becomes contaminated 4 Place immediately in bag or container that is labeled 4 Prevent leakage

20 Regulated Waste 4 Sharps containers –Needles –Blades –Broken glass 4 Red bags –Liquid or semi-liquid blood or OPIM –Items caked with dried blood or OPIM –Items that could release blood or OPIM –Pathological waste –Microbiological waste

21 Hepatitis B Vaccination 4 the HBV vaccination must be offered after the employee has received training and within 10 working days of job assignment –At no cost –Provided by PLHCP –According to US Public Health Service most current recommendations Immunization of Health Care Workers: Recommendations of ACIP and HICPAC, MMWR, Vol. 46, No. RR-18

22 HBV Vaccination 4 Employees who do not take the shots must sign a declination statement 4 Highly recommended 4 Few contraindications 4 Three-shot seriestiter 1-2 months after last shot 4 No booster currently recommended 4 Each person must have a health care professional's written opinion –A copy must be provided to the employee within 15 days of completion of the evaluation 4 An employee can decline now, take the shots later

23 Written Opinion 4 Each person must have a health care professional's written opinion for hepatitis B vaccination –A copy must be provided to the employee within 15 days of completion of the evaluation

24 Post-Exposure Follow-up 4 After exposure incident –Stick or cut –Splash –Non-intact skin exposure 4 At no cost 4 Begin ASAP after exposure incident 4 Report exposure incident to your supervisor or designated personnel immediately

25 Post-Exposure Follow-up 4 Investigation of the incident 4 ID source individual, obtain consent, and test their blood to determine HBV, HCV, and HIV infectivity ASAP 4 Results of source individual's test given to exposed person 4 Obtain and test exposed person's blood for HBV, HCV, and HIV serological status

26 Post-Exposure Follow-up 4 Post-exposure prophylaxis as indicated by CDC –Updated U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to HBV, HCV, and HIV and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis June 29, 2001, Vol 50, No. RR-11 –Updated U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to HIV and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis, September 30, 2005, Vol 54, RR-09 4 Counseling and Evaluation of reported illnesses

27 Written Opinion 4 The employee must be provided a copy of the Health Care Professional's Written Opinion for Post-Exposure Follow-up within 15 days of completion of the evaluation

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29 Labels 4 Containers with contaminated items 4 Can substitute red

30 Training 4 For all employees listed in the Exposure Determination 4 At no cost to employees 4 During working hours 4 At the time of initial assignment 4 Annually--within 1 year of last training date 4 Must be opportunity for interactive questions and answers 4 Train employees on adopted safer needle devices before implementation

31 Training 4 Five Easy Questions –What is universal precautions? –What do you do when there is a blood spill? Personal protection Clean-up and disposal procedures Disinfection (hazard communication applies) –What do you do with contaminated sharps and laundry? –Have you been offered the HBV vaccination free of charge? –Where is the Exposure Control Plan?

32 Additional Training 4 Copy of the BBP standard, 29 CFR , must be accessible to you 4 Explanation of methods of recognizing tasks that may involve exposure to blood and/or body fluids 4 Information on types, use, location, removal, handling, decontamination, and disposal of ppe 4 Basis of selection of ppe 4 Actions to take and persons to contact in a bloodborne emergency that you do not know how to handle 4 Procedure to follow if exposure incident occurs 4 Opportunity for interactive Q & A

33 Records 4 Medical records –Name and social security number –HBV vaccination status –Results of exposure incident follow-up –Health care professional's written opinions –Info provided to health care professional –Confidential

34 Records 4 Training –Dates –Contents –Names and qualifications of trainers –Names and titles of persons attending

35 Records 4 Sharps Injury Log –Per the Tennessee Sharps Injury Prevention law –Keep a log of all sharps injuries with Type and brand of device involved in the incident Department or work area where the incident occurred Explanation of how the incident occurred

36 Resources Memphis Office Jackson Office Nashville Office Knoxville Office Kingsport Office Chattanooga Consultative Services


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