2 What factors helped them come to power? ReviewWho were the dictators?What factors helped them come to power?What did they do once in power?
3 Road to War: Aggression and Appeasement Mizell, Year II, Humanities
4 EQ: How did Aggression and Appeasement help lead to WWII?
5 Background League of Nations was weak U.S. did not joinBritain and France want to avoid warDepression – people look for new leadershipRise of fascism and communismIn Germany, Hitler and Nazis desire lebensraum (living space for the German people)
13 1938 – Hitler wants the Sudetenland (area of Czechoslokvia)
14 Munich Conference – meeting between great powers Munich Conference – meeting between great powers. Neville Chamberlain of Great Britain agrees to let Hitler have the Sudetenland to avoid war. Hitler agrees not to invade the rest of CzechoslakviaThis is an example of appeasement
15 1939 – Hitler seizes the rest of Czechoslovakia 1939 – Mussolini conquers Albania
16 What does Appeasement prove to the Dictators? They can continue to be aggressive because the other countries want to avoid warThe countries of the U.S., France, and Great Britain must be weakThe League of Nations has no power
17 Fill in first five vocab boxes Totalitarianism – government control over every aspect of private and public lifeDictator – a leader with absolute power and no restrictionsCommunism – economic system where everything is owned by the public; no private propertyFascism – belief that promotes extreme nationalism and militarism with a dictatorCommand Economy – economy where the government makes all decisions
18 EQ: What were the major events in the early years of the war and how did they impact the war?
19 The Beginning of WWII: Invasion of Poland Hitler unleashes the German Army on Poland [Sept 1, 1939]Uses blitzkrieg (lightening war)Use fast moving planes and tanks which were followed by mass infantryGreat Britain and France declare war on Germany
24 Battle of Britain July – Oct 1940 Britain stands alone to face Hitler Benefit – Britain is an island nationHitler’s Plan is to destroy British air force so Germany can invade across the English Channel
25 Hitler’s MistakeLuftwaffe vs RAF -Hitler makes 1st major mistake: In Sept, he orders the Luftwaffe to target British cities and not the airfieldsAlso, British had radar so they could spot German planes1st German defeat of the war
30 Importance of the Battle of Britain Proved that Hitler and Germany were not invincibleHitler loses large number of pilots and planesHitler now looks to the east – the Soviet UnionBritain will serve as a base for Allied troops
31 Work on Vocab sheetDepression Nazism Purge Scapegoat Inflation
32 How and why did U.S. involvement in WWII change? Essential QuestionHow and why did U.S. involvement in WWII change?
33 America Remains Neutral at First Why?United States is still in the DepressionSaw WWI as a mistake so want to stay out of EuropeWhat does the U.S. do to stay out?Pass the Neutrality Acts – banned U.S. loans and sale of weapons to countries at war
34 America Moves Closer to War 1.Places an embargo on Japan after they invade China (not sell them resources/oil)2. U.S. Congress passes the Lend-Lease Act where the Allies could buy arms from the U.S. but must use own ships3. U.S. Navy protects allied cargo ships against German U-boats4. Japanese ExpansionExpanding into the Pacific but the U.S. is there tooPlan: Need a knock-out blow to keep U.S. out of the war
43 "I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve.“ ~Yamamoto
44 U.S. MobilizesPeople are needed in the army and factories – ends DepressionFDR wants the U.S. to become an “Arsenal for Democracy”By 1944, US production was double what all the Axis Powers produced combined
45 Propaganda During WWII Propaganda During WWIIEQ: What is propaganda and how did countries use it to support the war?
46 What is Propaganda?Material spread to support a cause or damage an opponent’s cause
51 Propaganda Contains… Slogans Implied messages Graphics (people, flags, symbols, etc…)Targeted Audience and PurposeWomen or men to work to support the warMen to enlist in the armyChildren who need to be protectedResources (food, oil, rubber, money) to save for the armyEnemies – why we hate them/ fight themWhy we are fighting (freedom)
52 “Rosie the Riveter” Slogan? Describe the poster Targeted audience? What is the purpose/implied message?How can women help the war effort?Emotions conveyed?
53 “Don’t Ride Alone” Slogan? Describe the poster Targeted audience? What is the purpose/implied message?How can you help the war effort?What emotions are conveyed?
54 Group Activity (Participation Grade) I will place you in groups of 3-4Each group will receive one propaganda poster of WWIIYou will have a few minutes as a group to describe and analyze itYou will present you description and analysis to the classSlogans, poster description, targeted audienceWhat is the implied message/purpose?How does it help the war effort?Emotion(s) conveyed
76 Design own Propaganda Poster Create your own propaganda posterYour posters should include pictures, a slogan/title, purpose/implied message, symbols/graphics, targeted audience, and be coloredAt the bottom of the paper, explain your poster in 5-8 sentencesWhat is its purpose/theme, who is the targeted audience, how will it lend support to the war effort, what emotions are conveyed by the poster, and does your poster glamorize or vilify the war? Explain
77 Here is where you write your description and analysis of the poster.
78 Rubric0-1 pts2-3 pts4-5ptsPicturePicture is not complete and not colored. Does not relate to WWIIPicture is complete but not colored. Relates to WWIIPicture is complete and fully colored. Relates to WWIIContent: Description and AnalysisLacks an adequate description or analysis of the poster.Basic analysis and description. Some parts may be missing. (see box to the right)5 or more sentences with a thorough description and analysis of the picture. Not missing any components such as implied message, audience, significant symbols, emotions conveyed, etc…OrganizationLess than 5 sentences5-6 sentences7-8 sentencesTotal: ___/15 points