Presentation on theme: "World War II 1939-1945. Review Who were the dictators? What factors helped them come to power? What did they do once in power?"— Presentation transcript:
World War II 1939-1945
Review Who were the dictators? What factors helped them come to power? What did they do once in power?
Road to War: Aggression and Appeasement Mizell, Year II, Humanities
EQ: How did Aggression and Appeasement help lead to WWII?
Background League of Nations was weak –U.S. did not join Britain and France want to avoid war Depression – people look for new leadership –Rise of fascism and communism In Germany, Hitler and Nazis desire lebensraum (living space for the German people)
Aggression of the 1930s by the dictators
1931 – Japan invades Manchuria
1935 – Mussolini takes over Ethiopia
1935 – Hitler ignores Treaty of Versailles and builds up German military
1936 – Hitler occupies the Rhineland (area between France and Germany)
1937 – Japan invades China
1938 – Hitler annexes Austria
1938 – Hitler wants the Sudetenland (area of Czechoslokvia)
Munich Conference – meeting between great powers. Neville Chamberlain of Great Britain agrees to let Hitler have the Sudetenland to avoid war. Hitler agrees not to invade the rest of Czechoslakvia This is an example of appeasement
1939 – Hitler seizes the rest of Czechoslovakia 1939 – Mussolini conquers Albania
What does Appeasement prove to the Dictators? They can continue to be aggressive because the other countries want to avoid war The countries of the U.S., France, and Great Britain must be weak The League of Nations has no power
Fill in first five vocab boxes Totalitarianism – government control over every aspect of private and public life Dictator – a leader with absolute power and no restrictions Communism – economic system where everything is owned by the public; no private property Fascism – belief that promotes extreme nationalism and militarism with a dictator Command Economy – economy where the government makes all decisions
EQ: What were the major events in the early years of the war and how did they impact the war?
The Beginning of WWII: Invasion of Poland Hitler unleashes the German Army on Poland [Sept 1, 1939] Uses blitzkrieg (lightening war) –Use fast moving planes and tanks which were followed by mass infantry –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bpYpbiIZDGwhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bpYpbiIZDGw Great Britain and France declare war on Germany
The Phony War Britain and France mobilize their armies in France and wait for the Germans While they wait, Hitler conquers Denmark, Norway, Belgium, and Holland in May 1940.
Invasion of France German Army cuts through heavy Ardennes Forest and surprises the French France surrenders in one month to Germany –Lets Southern France (Vichy France) be an ally of Germany
Battle of Britain July – Oct 1940 Britain stands alone to face Hitler Benefit – Britain is an island nation Hitler’s Plan is to destroy British air force so Germany can invade across the English Channel
Hitler’s Mistake Luftwaffe vs RAF - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RVBO61qg-kc http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RVBO61qg-kc Hitler makes 1 st major mistake: In Sept, he orders the Luftwaffe to target British cities and not the airfields Also, British had radar so they could spot German planes 1 st German defeat of the war
Importance of the Battle of Britain Proved that Hitler and Germany were not invincible Hitler loses large number of pilots and planes Hitler now looks to the east – the Soviet Union Britain will serve as a base for Allied troops
Work on Vocab sheet Depression Nazism Purge Scapegoat Inflation
Essential Question How and why did U.S. involvement in WWII change?
America Remains Neutral at First Why? –United States is still in the Depression –Saw WWI as a mistake so want to stay out of Europe What does the U.S. do to stay out? –Pass the Neutrality Acts – banned U.S. loans and sale of weapons to countries at war
America Moves Closer to War 1.Places an embargo on Japan after they invade China (not sell them resources/oil) 2. U.S. Congress passes the Lend-Lease Act where the Allies could buy arms from the U.S. but must use own ships 3. U.S. Navy protects allied cargo ships against German U-boats 4. Japanese Expansion –Expanding into the Pacific but the U.S. is there too –Plan: Need a knock-out blow to keep U.S. out of the war
Surprise Attack at Pearl Harbor Japanese attack U.S. naval base/fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941
Dec 7, 1941
Aftermath 2,500 killed, several battleships sunk U.S. declares war on Japan and enters WWII
Doolittle Raid U.S. launches bombers from carriers and bombs Tokyo Shows Japan that the U.S. will not back down Morale boost for Americans
"I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve.“ ~Yamamoto
U.S. Mobilizes People are needed in the army and factories – ends Depression FDR wants the U.S. to become an “Arsenal for Democracy” –By 1944, US production was double what all the Axis Powers produced combined
Propaganda During WWII EQ: What is propaganda and how did countries use it to support the war? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yy7 ZWlMAhFQ
What is Propaganda? Material spread to support a cause or damage an opponent’s cause
Propaganda Contains… Slogans Implied messages Graphics (people, flags, symbols, etc…) Targeted Audience and Purpose –Women or men to work to support the war –Men to enlist in the army –Children who need to be protected –Resources (food, oil, rubber, money) to save for the army –Enemies – why we hate them/ fight them –Why we are fighting (freedom)
“Rosie the Riveter” Slogan? Describe the poster Targeted audience? What is the purpose/implied message? How can women help the war effort? Emotions conveyed?
“Don’t Ride Alone” Slogan? Describe the poster Targeted audience? What is the purpose/implied message? How can you help the war effort? What emotions are conveyed?
Group Activity (Participation Grade) I will place you in groups of 3-4 Each group will receive one propaganda poster of WWII You will have a few minutes as a group to describe and analyze it You will present you description and analysis to the class –Slogans, poster description, targeted audience –What is the implied message/purpose? –How does it help the war effort? –Emotion(s) conveyed
Design own Propaganda Poster Create your own propaganda poster Your posters should include pictures, a slogan/title, purpose/implied message, symbols/graphics, targeted audience, and be colored At the bottom of the paper, explain your poster in 5-8 sentences –What is its purpose/theme, who is the targeted audience, how will it lend support to the war effort, what emotions are conveyed by the poster, and does your poster glamorize or vilify the war? Explain
Here is where you write your description and analysis of the poster.
Rubric0-1 pts2-3 pts4-5pts PicturePicture is not complete and not colored. Does not relate to WWII Picture is complete but not colored. Relates to WWII Picture is complete and fully colored. Relates to WWII Content: Description and Analysis Lacks an adequate description or analysis of the poster. Basic analysis and description. Some parts may be missing. (see box to the right) 5 or more sentences with a thorough description and analysis of the picture. Not missing any components such as implied message, audience, significant symbols, emotions conveyed, etc… OrganizationLess than 5 sentences 5-6 sentences7-8 sentences Total: ___/15 points