2 Definition of Geography Place: Site/SituationWhy places and people are where they are: Environment/Ecumene!Where… How their location affects other places: Diffusion!
3 Contemplate don’t write but what exactly is it? A way of thinking spatially about what our world is = Take any social, environmental, or physical question or problem and ask yourself whether there is a spatial aspect to it. Chances are that space and place play a role in the explanation and distribution of that question.Why do there always seem to be been so many wars inAfrica?Why is corn such an important part of a traditionalMexican diet?Why are some beers known as India Pale Ales?
4 Location--Absolute and Relative Absolute is a measure of latitude/longitude; a specific mathematical locationRelative is a description using the nearby surroundings or unique features of the location; it’s situation in relations to othersAbsolute is a measure of latitude/longitude; a specific mathematical locationRelative is a description using the nearby surroundings or unique features of the location; it’s situation in relations to others
5 Regions displays a degree of uniformity / differentiates areas basic unit of study for the geographerThing we identify is called a phenomenon
6 Formal (Uniform) Regions …are areas that have some degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena.activity or cultural trait like corn production, bible belt
7 Formal Regions (cont)…are legally bound or defined by something they share.A country, state, city or regionFormal Education systemsin Switzerland
8 Functional (nodal) Regions …are defined by a set of activities or interactions that occur within it.Newspaper, baseball team, or an airportA city and its suburbs
9 Perceptual RegionsVernacular regions (common term) A perception of an area using environment, culture, ideology…like a stereotype
12 Hierarchies of Regions Regions exist within a vertical order, and one place can be part of several regions simultaneously.World RealmsThe United StatesTexasAustin
13 Landscape--also important, but not one of the five themes Landscape is the material character of a place / natural habitat.Aspects introduced by humans is “built environment” or “cultural landscape”
14 Place and Sense of Place Every place is unique. Imagine where you lived as a child. What made that special?SensoryArchitectureSymbolicCultural and Built Landscape show us the human impact and provides evidence of 2 theories of human and environment interaction
15 What kinds of cultural values are reflected in each of these American houses? Gated community?
16 12Where are we? What values are reflected in each? What relation to physical environment?43
17 Timber House, Switzerland Mosque in Istanbul, TurkeyYurt on Mongolian SteppeSuburban Home, Chicago
18 The Cultural Landscape The result of the natural environment and all of the changes to it as a result of a particular culture. (Carl Sauer)Environmental Determinism: environment is primary determinant of culture.Possibilism: humans are primary determinant of culture.
19 Is it we who impact the environment or is it the environment that impacts us????
20 Environmentally Determinism or Possibilism? Possibilism: New York was extended by humans building over a landfillN.Y.C.Environmentally Determinism or Possibilism?
21 What about Bali, Indonesia? Environmental Determinism: the people cut into the earth but used the climate and hills to create a specific type of farming / tierWhat about Bali,Indonesia?
22 Clash of the TitansAs you view each of the slides, ask yourself these questions:Who wins the fight woman/man or nature?Why?Can woman/man conquer all environments?Does the environment determine our destiny?