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What is a fraction? Basic Math – Section 7.1

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**Schedule Words to Know “What is a fraction?” Activity Practice**

Fraction Project Math Groups

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Words to Know By the end of this section you will be able to define the following math terms: Fraction Numerator Denominator Fraction Bar

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What is a fraction? A fraction is a form of a number that shows part of a whole. Every fraction has a numerator and a denominator.

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**Numerators and Denominators?**

The numerator is the top number in a fraction. The numerator tells how many you have. The denominator is the bottom number in a fraction. The denominator tells how many there are all together.

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**Vocabulary in Pictures**

Here is an example of your words to know: 3 4 numerator Fraction bar denominator

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**How do I write a fraction from a picture?**

When given a picture, you can write the fraction by counting how many pieces you are given (How many pieces are shaded?) and then counting how many pieces there are total.

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**How do I write a fraction from a picture?**

Once you have counted the number of pieces you have and the total number of pieces, follow these steps: Write the number of pieces you have above the fraction bar. Write the total number of pieces below the fraction bar.

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**Example Write a fraction for the following picture:**

How many pieces do you have? How many pieces are there all together? Write your fraction: Number of pieces Total number of pieces

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**How do I write a fraction for a situation?**

You need to be able to write fractions from pictures and from words. To write a fraction from words, you need to follow the steps below: Find the total number you have and write it on the bottom of the fraction. Find the part you are given and write it on the top of the fraction.

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Example Write a fraction for the given situation: There are four students in the math club. Three of the students are girls. Write a fraction to tell what part of the math club is girls.

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**How do I draw a picture to show a fraction?**

Many times you will need to be able to draw a picture to show a fraction. This will help you to easily add and subtract fractions.

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**How do I draw a picture to show a fraction?**

To draw a picture to show a fraction, follow these steps: Draw a rectangle that has the number of spaces in the denominator. Color in the number in the numerator.

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**Example Draw a picture to show the fraction ¾.**

Draw a rectangle with the number of spaces in the denominator. Color in the number in the numerator.

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Activity Each of you will be given a post-it note. On the board I will write a fraction; you will draw a picture on the post-it note to show the fraction.

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Practice Section 7.1 What is a Fraction; Directions: You will practice writing fractions from pictures in this activity.

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Fraction Project You will create a Fraction Book to show your understanding of fractions. There will be sections that you are required to have. We will work on the sections in class.

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**Fraction Book continued…**

After we go over a section, you will get that part of your book to work on. Grading: I will use a rubric to grade your fraction book.

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Notes Over 8 – 5 Add. + Add the whole numbers. Add the fractions and reduce if needed.

Notes Over 8 – 5 Add. + Add the whole numbers. Add the fractions and reduce if needed.

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