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Warmup ► How do you think the work place would be if there were no laws protecting workers?

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Presentation on theme: "Warmup ► How do you think the work place would be if there were no laws protecting workers?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Warmup ► How do you think the work place would be if there were no laws protecting workers?

2 Unit VI The American Labor Force

3 What is the civilian labor force? ► Men and women 16 and up who are either working or seeking employment

4 What is a labor union? ► Groups of workers who fight together for  Higher pay  Safer working conditions

5 Types of unions ► Craft/Trade Unions  Workers who perform the same skills  Ex: newspaper writers ► Industrial unions  Different types of workers from the same industry  EX: United Auto Workers

6 How are unions organized? ► Local Unions  Members of a unoin in a factory, company, or geographic area ► National Unions  Represent workers on a national level ► AFL-CIO: American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations

7 How do labor unions and management work to negotiate working conditions and benefits? ► Collective Bargaining – officials from union and company meet to discuss new contracts ► Mediation – 3rd party is brought in to help reach compromise ► Arbitration – 3 rd party listens to both sides and comes up with solution which both sides agree to accept

8 What do both sides do when an agreement can not be reached? Labor Union Tools ► Strike – workers in union refuse to work ► Boycott – encourage the public to refuse to buy company goods ► Picketing – workers form a line outside company; prevents others from working and draws attention

9 Management Tools ► Injunction – legal order preventing some activity  Can be used to prevent picketing/striking ► Lockout – company prevents workers from entering building until they accept contract terms  EX NBA lockout in 1999 and 2011; MLB in 1995.

10 Types of arrangements unions and employers make ► Closed shop – workers had to join a union before they could be hired (now illegal) ► Union shops – companies can hire someone as long as they join shortly after beginning to work

11 Types of arrangements unions and employers make ► Modified Union Shop – workers do not have to join a union to work, but must remain in union once joining. ► Agency Shop – workers must pay fee to union for representing them even if they do not join

12 How have laws passed at the federal and state level affected union activity? ► Clayton Act (1914) – gave legal support to peaceful strikes and boycotts ► Taft-Hartley Act (1947) – declared closed shops illegal ► Right-to-work Laws – prevent mandatory union membership (22 states, including NC) ► National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) – makes sure that unions are brought into workplace only if majority of workers request it.

13 ExpressPoll 4/26/ :32:41 AM


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