Presentation on theme: "Emergency Preparedness Gardening. Gardening b Also available at www.tbpetersen.net b Extracted from www.providentliving.org b Living" storage b A few."— Presentation transcript:
Emergency Preparedness Gardening
Gardening b Also available at b Extracted from b Living" storage b A few basic rules
Topics we will Cover b Acquiring Seeds b Selecting a Garden Site b Selecting Crops b Planning Your Garden b Deciding When to Plant b Preparing the Soil b Fertilizing the Soil
Topics we will Cover b Planting b Watering b Controlling Weeds b Mulching b Preventing Pests and Disease b Harvesting b Correcting Common Garden Problems
Acquiring Seeds b Buy rather than save from garden b Buy for two years to keep one year supply
Selecting a Garden Site b Full or near-full sunlight b Deep, well-drained, fertile soil b Near a water outlet b Free from shrubs or trees
Selecting Crops b Good portion of nutritious food for the time and space required b Plant according to family needs - resist over-planting
Planning Your Garden b Separate Long-term from short-term crops b Plant tall crops where they will not overshadow small ones b Consider rate of maturity b Rotate to prevent diseases and insect buildup
Deciding When to Plant b May plant 10 days to 2 weeks earlier than commercial fields b Varies widely by area. April in Georgia?
Preparing the Soil b Add organic matter and/or sand b Turn in late winter or early spring b Periodically: composted materials, peanut hulls, rice hulls, grass clippings, etc b Gypsum: tight, heavy clay b Soil should be granular
Fertilizing the Soil b Clay soils absorb and store fertilizer three to four times the rate of sandy soils. b For clay soils add or at 1 to 2 pounds per 100 sqft.
Fertilizing the Soil... b Plant Food Elements on front of bag N-P-K Nitrogen %Phosphorus % Potassium %
Fertilizing the Soil... b Method Apply few days before plantingApply few days before planting Spade the garden plotSpade the garden plot SpreadSpread Work the soilWork the soil
Fertilizing the Soil... b pH is too high (alkaline) Add sulfur to recommended amountsAdd sulfur to recommended amounts b pH is too low (basic) Add lime to recommended amountsAdd lime to recommended amounts When close to proper pH 5lbs/100sq. Ft. every 2-3 years should keep soil at good levelsWhen close to proper pH 5lbs/100sq. Ft. every 2-3 years should keep soil at good levels Beans, peas, onions require high pH levelsBeans, peas, onions require high pH levels
Planting b Plant as early as possible b Transplant where possible
Seeding b Cover the seed 2 to 3 times its widest measurement - (Rule of thumb) b For smaller-seeded crops such as carrots, lettuce, or onions, an average planting depth of ¼ to ½ inch is usually adequate. b Thin
Transplanting b Avoid transplanting too deep or too shallow. b Starter solution: 2 to 3 cups of fertilizer to 5 gal. Water2 to 3 cups of fertilizer to 5 gal. Water Apply 1 to 2 pints per plantApply 1 to 2 pints per plant
Watering b Equivalent of 1 inch of rain per week b If sprinklers, water in the morning to allow foliage to dry - prevent disease. b Drip irrigation helps prevent diseasehelps prevent disease most efficient use of watermost efficient use of water
Controlling Weeds b A long-handled hoe is the best tool for control of undesirable plants b Chemical weed control doesnt kill all weedsdoesnt kill all weeds likely kill vegetables cropslikely kill vegetables crops b Seedling stage b Mulch
Mulching b Increase yields b Conserve moisture b Prevent weed growth b Regulate soil temperature b Decrease losses caused by ground rot
Mulching b Organic mulches straw, leaves, grass, bark, compost, sawdust, or peat mossstraw, leaves, grass, bark, compost, sawdust, or peat moss Will improve the soil condition, aeration, and drainage.Will improve the soil condition, aeration, and drainage. Apply 1 to 2 inches around growing plants.Apply 1 to 2 inches around growing plants. b Fertilize prior to turning.
Preventing Pests and Disease b Mild winters and long growing seasons b Avoid spraying if possible, but use chemicals where necessary. b Dispose of crop residue (leftovers)
Preventing Pests and Disease b Rotate b Use treated seeds b Use resistant varieties b Diseases can be prevented but not eradicated.
Harvesting b Harvest vegetables when they are mature. b Harvest the day it is to be eaten or preserved.
Correcting Common Garden Problems b Plants stunted in growth b Holes in leaves b Plant leaves with spots b Plants wilt even though sufficient water is present b More…see document