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BARON DE MONTESQUIEU Separation of Powers. IMPORTANT FACTS  Real name : Charles-Louis de Secondat/ born in 1689  Attended a Catholic school and became.

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Presentation on theme: "BARON DE MONTESQUIEU Separation of Powers. IMPORTANT FACTS  Real name : Charles-Louis de Secondat/ born in 1689  Attended a Catholic school and became."— Presentation transcript:

1 BARON DE MONTESQUIEU Separation of Powers

2 IMPORTANT FACTS  Real name : Charles-Louis de Secondat/ born in 1689  Attended a Catholic school and became a lawyer  Inherited his title from his uncle  Wrote a book called Persian Letters that criticized French society using humor (satire)

3 THE SPIRIT OF LAWS  Montesquieu’s most famous book  Described his theory of government and how it should be organized  Believed that dividing power between three branches of government was the best way to protect political liberty  Called this concept ‘separation of powers”

4 QUOTES FROM MONTESQUIEU  “A nation may lose its liberties in a day and not miss them in a century.”  “The tyranny of a prince in an oligarchy is not so dangerous to the public welfare as the apathy of a citizen in a democracy.”  “Were the executive power not to have a right of restraining the encroachments of the legislative body, the latter would become despotic; for as it might arrogate to itself what authority it pleased, it would soon destroy all the other powers.”

5 SEPARATION OF POWER  Legislative branch makes the laws.  Executive branch enforces the laws.  Judicial branch interpreted the laws. (Told what they mean.)  No branch would be too powerful.  Montesquieu admired the English government.

6 SEPARATION OF POWERS  Parliament made the laws, the king enforced them and the courts interpreted them.  Each branch of government checked, or limited, the power of the others.  If power was not divided this way, people would lose liberty quickly.  Too much power for any one person is called despotism.

7 WHY MONTESQUIEU IS IMPORTANT  His ideas were a powerful influence on later thinkers.  The U.S. Constitution reflects many of his ideas.  Separation of powers is an important idea in our American system of government.


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