Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

UNIT 2: LAS VACACIONES. Unit 2 Sequence of Study Unit vocabulary: Las vacaciones Estar with condition and emotions More adjectives that describe emotions.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "UNIT 2: LAS VACACIONES. Unit 2 Sequence of Study Unit vocabulary: Las vacaciones Estar with condition and emotions More adjectives that describe emotions."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT 2: LAS VACACIONES

2 Unit 2 Sequence of Study Unit vocabulary: Las vacaciones Estar with condition and emotions More adjectives that describe emotions and conditions The present progressive Ser vs. Estar Direct object nouns and pronouns Culture: popular vacation destinations in the Spanish-speaking world

3 UNIT 2: Las vacaciones To study and to listen to the unit vocabulary we will:  In pairs or groups of three create flash cards with the vocabulary on Quizlet.com  In groups of three or in pairs, create a PPT with the vocabulary and pictures with sound.  You will describe people, things and every day activities using VoiceThread.com

4 Contesta en español 1. ¿A quién le gusta mucho viajar? 2. ¿Cómo prefieres viajar? 3. ¿Te gusta viajar en auto? 4. ¿Adónde te gusta viajar? 5. ¿Te gustaria ir a Francia o España? 6. ¿Adónde le gusta viajar a tu familia en el verano? ¿Qué hacen? 7. ¿Cómo puedes viajar? 8. ¿Tenemos agencia de viajes en Sanford? ¿Dónde está?

5 En la playa..contesta es español 1.¿Qué actividades puden hacer los turistas en una playa? 2.¿Pueden nadar? 3.¿Tomar el sol? 4.¿Sacar fotos? 5.¿Qué haces tú cuando vas a la playa?

6 Complete the analogies using the worlds below. Two words will not be used. autohuésped marsacar botonesllegadapasaportetren 1.acampar + campo + pescar = 2.maleta +hacer + foto = 3.aeropuerto + viajero + hotel = 4.estudiante + libro + turista = 5.llave + habitación + pasaje = 6.agencia de viajes + agente + hotel =

7

8 El tiempo...contesta las preguntas en español. 1.¿Qué tiempo hace? 2.¿Qué estación del año es? ¿qué meses son? 3.¿Llueve? 4.¿Nieva? 5.¿Qué lleva la chica?

9 Las estaciones…Name the season that applies to the description. 1.Las clases empiezan. 2.Acampamos. 3.Vamos a la playa. 4.Las clases terminan. 5.Nieva mucho. 6.Hace mucho calor. 7.Llueve mucho. 8.Esquiamos. 9.El entrenamiento (training) de béisbol. 10.El Día de Acci ό n de Gracias

10 In pairs, ask each other these questions. 1.¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy? 2.¿Qué estación es? 3.¿Te gusta esta estaci ό n? ¿Por qué? 4.¿Qué estación prefieres? ¿Por qué? 5.¿Prefieres el mar o las montañas? ¿La playa o el campo? ¿Por qué? 6.Cuando estás de vacaciones, ¿qué haces? 7.Cuando haces un viaje, ¿qué te gusta hacer y ver? 8.¿Piensas ir de vacaciones este verano? ¿Adónde quieres ir? ¿Por qué? 9.¿Qué deseas ver y que lugares quieres visitar? 10.¿C ό mo te gusta viajar? ¿En avión? ¿En motocicleta…?

11

12 Un viaje

13 Presentational Speaking Cultural Comparisons In pairs, research a famous beach from the U.S. or Canada and one from the Spanish-speaking world. Make a list or Venn diagram of similitudes and diferencias about the beaches, including the types of activities available, visitors, the high and low season, and local accommodations. Then, create a PPT(include photos) on the drive to share with the class. (73pts) Pairs must present their comparisons to the class for full credit. (27pts)

14 El verbo estar= to be Let’s name our subject pronouns first… ESTAR =TO BE Yo: estoy Tú estás Él/ella/usted: está Nosotros(as) estamos Vosotros(as) estáis Ellas/ellos/ustedes : están

15 Estar is used to indicate temporary states and locations. If the general rule doesn´t suffice, think of the acronym PLACE, which stands for Position, Location, Action, Condition, and Emotion. Position Position is the physical position or posture a person or thing is in. Mi abuela está sentada. Location The location of someone or something describes where it is permanently, temporarily, actually, or conceptually. El baño está a la derecha de la sala. (The bathroom is to the right of the living room.) Mi abuelo está en la luna. (My grandfather is out of it/lost.) Exception for Parties This is a big one: The location of an event or party is described using SER. Not ESTAR! La fiesta es en mi casa. (The party is at my house.)

16 ESTAR...con Action Estar is used to describe an ongoing action using the present progressive tense. Estoy lavando los platos sucios. (I am washing the dirty dishes.) Estamos leyendo los periódicos. (We are reading the newspapers.) Mi bisabuelo está muerto. (My great-grandfather is dead.) Death is Ongoing Action In Spanish, death is seen as an ongoing action, not a permanent state, thus you use the verb estar and not ser. Condition Physical and mental conditions are described using estar. Estoy tan cansada esta mañana. (I am so tired this morning.) Mis niños están enfermos hoy. (My children are sick today.) Mi madre está un poco loca. (My mother is (acting) a little crazy.) Emotion How a person is feeling at a certain moment is described using estar. Estoy triste. (I am sad.) Ella está contenta porque recibió unas flores de su novio. (She is happy because she received some flowers from her boyfriend.)

17 Estar with conditions and emotions abierto/a: open aburrido/a: bored; boring alegre: happy; joyful amable: nice; friendly avergonzado/a: embarrassed cansado/a: tired cerrado/a: closed cómodo/a: comfortable confundido/a: confused contento/a: happy; content desordenado/a: disorderly enamorado/a (de): in love (with) enojado/a: mad; angry equivocado/a: wrong; mistaken feliz: happy limpio/a: clean listo/a: ready; smart nervioso/a: nervous ocupado/a: busy ordenado/a: orderly preocupado/a (por): worried (about) seguro/a: sure; safe sucio/a: dirty triste: sad

18 Use estar to talk about how you feel in these situations. 1.Cuando hace sol… 2.Cuando tomas un examen… 3.Cuando viajas en avi ό n … 4.Cuando estás en la clase de español… 5.Cunado ves una película con tu actor/actriz favorito/a…

19 TAREA Pick ten adjectives of emotions from adjectives vocabulary (slide 14) and write sentences about what you do when you feel that way. Cuando estoy preocupado, hablo por teléfono con mi hermana. In class, you will share your sentences to see if there are any common activities.

20 Present Progressive Forms The present progressive is a verb phrase consisting of both estar (the "is" part which indicates the tense) and the present participle (the "-ing" part which indicates what the action is). To form the present progressive, conjugate estar to the present indicative tense and add the present participle form of the verb that the person is actually doing. Present Progressive Formula: estar + present participle (verb stem + -ando for -ar verbs/-iendo for -er and -ir verbs)estarpresent participle Estoy hablando I am speaking Estamos hablando We are speaking Estás hablando You are speaking Estáis hablando You (all) are speaking Está hablando You (formal) are speaking Están hablando You (all, formal) are He/she is speaking speaking They are speaking

21 Present Progressive Uses Single Current Actions Simply, what a person is doing right now, and action they are currently participating in. Está escribiendo un ensayo para su clase de español. (He is writing an essay for his Spanish class.) Estamos cocinando la cena. (We are cooking dinner (right now).) Están durmiendo en el dormitorio pequeño. (They are sleeping in the small bedroom (right now).) In English and Spanish, this is usually expressed using the present progressive, but it is possible to use the present tense in Spanish as well.present progressive ¿Qué haces? (What are you doing?) Limpio la cocina. (I'm cleaning the kitchen.) ¿Cómo estás? (How are you doing?) Estoy bien, gracias. (I´m doing well, thank you.)

22 The present progressive…personajes famosos Say what these celebrities are doing right now, using the cues provided. Celine Dion está cantando una canción ahora mismo. 1.Nelly Furtado 2.Las Rochettes de Nueva York 3.Venus y Serena Williams 4.Rachel Ray 5.William Levy 6.Shakira Verbos: bailar, cantar, correr, escribir, hablar, hacer, jugar, preparar

23 SER VS. ESTAR Ser Yo: soy Tú eres Él/ella/usted: es Nosotros(as) somos Vosotros(as) sois Ellas/ellos/ustedes : son Estar Yo: estoy Tú estás Él/ella/usted: está Nosotros(as) estamos Vosotros(as) estáis Ellas/ellos/ustedes : están

24

25 SER VS. ESTAR Write a paragraph about a close friend, including the person’s physical appearance, general disposition, place of birth, and where the friend is now.

26 DIRECT OBJECT NOUNS AND PRONOUNS Direct objects are nouns which receive the action of a verb in a sentence. Direct object pronouns replace that noun (and also noun phrases and nominalized clauses). Just like personal (subject) pronouns replace the subject noun in a sentence, direct object pronouns replace the direct object noun in a sentence which can be a person or a thing. Singular Plural 1st person me (me) nos (us) 2nd person te (you, familiar) os (you, familiar plural) 3rd person lo, la (it, him, her, you formal) los, las (them, you, formal plural)

27 The direct object of a sentence can be an object: - Sandra tiró la pelota. - Sandra threw the ball. “La pelota” receives the action of “tiró.” “La pelota” is the direct object of the sentence. It is singular and feminine, and since it represents an inanimate object, it is in the 3rd person, therefore, you can replace it with the direct object pronoun “la.” Sandra la tiró. - Sandra threw it. - Los niños leen muchos libros. - The boys read lots of books. “Muchos libros” receives the action of “leen.” It is plural, masculine, and 3rd person, so it can be replaced with the direct object pronoun “los.” Los niños los leen. The direct object of a sentence can also be a person: They called us - Nos llamaron. I love you. - Te quiero.

28 DIRECT OBJECTS When the verb is an infinitive construction, such as ir a +(infinitive), the direct object pronoun can be placed before the conjugated form or attached to the infinitive. Ellos van a escribir unas postales. Ellos las van a escribir Ellos van a escribirlas.

29 Give the correct direct object pronoun for each sentence. 1.Tienes el libro de español. 2.Lucas ve la película. 3.Quieren estudiar español. 4.Voy a ver un partido de fútbol 5.¿Practicas los verbos irregulares? 6.Chris busca la llave.  Now TAKE the QUIZ….CLICK on the link

30 Direct Object nouns and pronouns In pairs, write ten sentences about a vacation you want to take using direct object nouns. Your sentences should also include a mixture of verbs in the present progressive, simple present, and ir a + (infinitive). Then, rewrite them using direct object pronouns. ¡OJO! Don’t forget to check your work with your partner.

31

32 Escribir un folleto  Write a tourist brochure for a hotel or resort you have visited. If you wish, you may write about an imaginary location. You need to include the following information in your brochure (next slide):  Descripci ό n del sitio (con foto) A.Playa Grande 1. Playas para tomar el sol, descansar, tomar fotos, nadar 2. Playas seguras y limpias A.El hotel 1. Abierto los 365 dias del año 2. Rebaja para estudiantes

33 Escribir un folleto The name of the hotel or resort Phone and fax numbers that tourist can use to make contacts The hotel website that tourist can consult An address that tourist can use to request information A description of the exterior of the hotel or resort A description of the interior of the hotel or resort, including facilities and amenities. A description of the surrounding area, including its climate A listing of nearby scenic natural attractions A listing of nearby cultural attractions A listing of recreational activities that tourist can pursue in the vicinity of the hotel or resort

34 SE NOS TERMINARON LAS VACACIONES


Download ppt "UNIT 2: LAS VACACIONES. Unit 2 Sequence of Study Unit vocabulary: Las vacaciones Estar with condition and emotions More adjectives that describe emotions."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google