Presentation on theme: "Launching a New Nation February 2010. Essential Question ► How did President Washington and Congress shape the new national government?"— Presentation transcript:
Launching a New Nation February 2010
Essential Question ► How did President Washington and Congress shape the new national government?
Teacher Input ► George Washington led the new national government through domestic and foreign challenges, and the first political parties formed.
Guided Practice ► 1789-George Washington became 1 st President of the United States ► Agreement, George Washington, electoral college, Martha Washington, precedent, and Judiciary Act of 1789
Independent Practice ► Define the following in your notebook: ► Agreement p. 237 ► George Washington p. 234 ► electoral college p. 234 ► Martha Washington p. 234-235 ► Precedent p. 235 ► and Judiciary Act of 1789 p. 236
Summary ► What do you now know about the national government that you did not know before?
Hamilton and the National Finances ► Essential Question Why were the nation ’ s finances a controversial issue?
Hamilton and National Finances ► Treasury secretary Alexander Hamilton developed a financial plan for the national government. He tackled the problem of settling national and state debt Thomas Jefferson opposed Hamilton ’ s views on government and the economy. Hamilton created a national bank to strengthen the U.S. economy
Hamilton and National Finances ► Terms and people to define: ► Alexander Hamilton p.238 ► National debt p.238 ► Bonds p.238 ► Speculators p.239 ► Thomas Jefferson p.239 ► Loose construction p.242 ► Strict construction p.242 ► Bank of the United States p.242
Hamilton and the National Finances ► Discovery Learning Video Use information from video to construct chart listing our nation ’ s economic problems and Hamilton ’ s solutions.
Hamilton ’ s Economic Plan I. Deal With the Debt II. Gain Revenue III. Stabilize the Banking System
I. Deal With the Debt ► Take on the foreign and domestic debt by replacing creditors ’ old low value bonds with new interest bearing bonds. Would build investor confidence in the stability of the new nation. ► Take over most of the states ’ 25 million Revolutionary War debts Would free up state money for business and trade.
II. Gain Revenue ► Pass a tariff to both bring in money and help the American manufacturers
III. Stabilize the Banking System ► Create a national bank ► Create a national mint
Summary ► National debt: $11.7 million to foreign governments and $40.4 million to U.S. citizens Why were the nation ’ s finances a controversial issue?
Essential Question ► What foreign and domestic challenges did the new nation face?
Challenges for the New Nation ► Five Groups-Summarize the Following ► G1-French Revolution pp. 243-244 ► G1-Neutrality Proclamation p. 244 ► G1-Privateers p. 244 ► G2-Jay ’ s Treaty p. 245 ► G2-Pickney ’ s Treaty p. 245 ► G3-Conflict in the Northwest Territory p. 246-247 ► G4-The Whiskey Rebellion p.247 ► G5-Washington ’ s Farewell Address pp. 248-249
Summary ► What foreign and domestic challenges did the new nation face?
EQ: ► Was Washington ’ s farewell the end of national unity?
Big Idea ► The development of political parties in the United States contributed to differing ideas about the role of the federal government. Competition in the election of 1796 The XYZ Affair caused problems for President Adams Controversy broke out over the Alien and Sedition Acts
John Adam ’ s Presidency ► Define Key Terms: ► Political parties p. 250 ► Federalist Party p. 250 ► Democratic-Republican Party p. 250 ► XYZ Affair p. 252 ► Alien and Sedition Acts p. 253 ► Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions p. 253
Summary ► Was Washington ’ s farewell the end of national unity?
The Jefferson Era ► Essential Question ► How was Thomas Jefferson ’ s presidency significant for the country?
Big Idea ► Thomas Jefferson ’ s election began a new era in American government. The election 0f 1800 marked the first peaceful transition in power from one political party to another. President Jefferson ’ s beliefs about the federal government were reflected in his policies. Marbury v. Madison increased the power of the judicial branch of government.
Pair Assignments-Summarize ► G1-The election of 1800pp. 266-267 ► G2-Jefferson ’ s policiesp. 268 ► G3-Marbury v. Madisonp. 269 ► G4- Thomas Jeffersonp.271
Summary ► How was Thomas Jefferson ’ s presidency significant for the country? ► Test Monday ► Written current event Monday
Test ► 20 questions-Launching a New Nation
Essential Question ► Why were relationships between the United States and Britain tense?
The Coming of War ► Identify: USS Constitution p. 278 Impressment p. 279 Embargo p. 279 Embargo Act p. 279 Non-Intercourse Act p. 280 Tecumseh p. 280 Battle of Tippecanoe p. 282 War Hawks p. 282 James Madison p. 283
The Coming of War ► Challenges at home and abroad led the United States to declare war on Great Britain. Violations of U.S. neutrality led congress to enact a ban on trade. Native Americans, Great Britain, and the United States came into conflict in the West. The War Hawks led a growing call for war with Great Britain.
Conclusion ► Why were relationships between the United States and Britain tense?
The War of 1812 ► EQ: How did the War of 1812 boost the spirit of the nation?
The War of 1812 ► Great Britain and the United States went to battle in the War 0f 1812. American forces held their own against the British in the early battles of the war U.S. forces stopped British offensives in the East and South. The effects of the war included prosperity and national pride.
Student Activity ► Create a graphic organizer listed the sequence of events in the War of 1812, from beginning to the end. pp. 284-287. ► Complete the section 4 assessment on page 287.
Summary ► How did the War of 1812 boost the spirit of the nation?
Lewis and Clark See picture on page 260 ► Define pp. 275 and 276: Meriwether Lewis William Clark Corps of Discovery Sacagawea