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Launching a New Nation February 2010. Essential Question ► How did President Washington and Congress shape the new national government?

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Presentation on theme: "Launching a New Nation February 2010. Essential Question ► How did President Washington and Congress shape the new national government?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Launching a New Nation February 2010

2 Essential Question ► How did President Washington and Congress shape the new national government?

3 Teacher Input ► George Washington led the new national government through domestic and foreign challenges, and the first political parties formed.

4 Guided Practice ► 1789-George Washington became 1 st President of the United States ► Agreement, George Washington, electoral college, Martha Washington, precedent, and Judiciary Act of 1789

5 Independent Practice ► Define the following in your notebook: ► Agreement p. 237 ► George Washington p. 234 ► electoral college p. 234 ► Martha Washington p. 234-235 ► Precedent p. 235 ► and Judiciary Act of 1789 p. 236

6 Summary ► What do you now know about the national government that you did not know before?

7 Hamilton and the National Finances ► Essential Question  Why were the nation ’ s finances a controversial issue?

8 Hamilton and National Finances ► Treasury secretary Alexander Hamilton developed a financial plan for the national government.  He tackled the problem of settling national and state debt  Thomas Jefferson opposed Hamilton ’ s views on government and the economy.  Hamilton created a national bank to strengthen the U.S. economy

9 Hamilton and National Finances ► Terms and people to define: ► Alexander Hamilton p.238 ► National debt p.238 ► Bonds p.238 ► Speculators p.239 ► Thomas Jefferson p.239 ► Loose construction p.242 ► Strict construction p.242 ► Bank of the United States p.242

10 Hamilton and the National Finances ► Discovery Learning Video  Use information from video to construct chart listing our nation ’ s economic problems and Hamilton ’ s solutions.

11 Hamilton ’ s Economic Plan I. Deal With the Debt II. Gain Revenue III. Stabilize the Banking System

12 I. Deal With the Debt ► Take on the foreign and domestic debt by replacing creditors ’ old low value bonds with new interest bearing bonds.  Would build investor confidence in the stability of the new nation. ► Take over most of the states ’ 25 million Revolutionary War debts  Would free up state money for business and trade.

13 II. Gain Revenue ► Pass a tariff to both bring in money and help the American manufacturers

14 III. Stabilize the Banking System ► Create a national bank ► Create a national mint

15 Summary ► National debt: $11.7 million to foreign governments and $40.4 million to U.S. citizens  Why were the nation ’ s finances a controversial issue?

16 Essential Question ► What foreign and domestic challenges did the new nation face?

17 Challenges for the New Nation ► Five Groups-Summarize the Following ► G1-French Revolution pp. 243-244 ► G1-Neutrality Proclamation p. 244 ► G1-Privateers p. 244 ► G2-Jay ’ s Treaty p. 245 ► G2-Pickney ’ s Treaty p. 245 ► G3-Conflict in the Northwest Territory p. 246-247 ► G4-The Whiskey Rebellion p.247 ► G5-Washington ’ s Farewell Address pp. 248-249

18 Summary ► What foreign and domestic challenges did the new nation face?

19 EQ: ► Was Washington ’ s farewell the end of national unity?

20 Big Idea ► The development of political parties in the United States contributed to differing ideas about the role of the federal government.  Competition in the election of 1796  The XYZ Affair caused problems for President Adams  Controversy broke out over the Alien and Sedition Acts

21 John Adam ’ s Presidency ► Define Key Terms: ► Political parties p. 250 ► Federalist Party p. 250 ► Democratic-Republican Party p. 250 ► XYZ Affair p. 252 ► Alien and Sedition Acts p. 253 ► Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions p. 253

22 Summary ► Was Washington ’ s farewell the end of national unity?

23 The Jefferson Era ► Essential Question ► How was Thomas Jefferson ’ s presidency significant for the country?

24 Big Idea ► Thomas Jefferson ’ s election began a new era in American government.  The election 0f 1800 marked the first peaceful transition in power from one political party to another.  President Jefferson ’ s beliefs about the federal government were reflected in his policies.  Marbury v. Madison increased the power of the judicial branch of government.

25 Pair Assignments-Summarize ► G1-The election of 1800pp. 266-267 ► G2-Jefferson ’ s policiesp. 268 ► G3-Marbury v. Madisonp. 269 ► G4- Thomas Jeffersonp.271

26 Summary ► How was Thomas Jefferson ’ s presidency significant for the country? ► Test Monday ► Written current event Monday

27 Test ► 20 questions-Launching a New Nation

28 Essential Question ► Why were relationships between the United States and Britain tense?

29 The Coming of War ► Identify:  USS Constitution p. 278  Impressment p. 279  Embargo p. 279  Embargo Act p. 279  Non-Intercourse Act p. 280  Tecumseh p. 280  Battle of Tippecanoe p. 282  War Hawks p. 282  James Madison p. 283

30 The Coming of War ► Challenges at home and abroad led the United States to declare war on Great Britain.  Violations of U.S. neutrality led congress to enact a ban on trade.  Native Americans, Great Britain, and the United States came into conflict in the West.  The War Hawks led a growing call for war with Great Britain.

31 Conclusion ► Why were relationships between the United States and Britain tense?

32 The War of 1812 ► EQ: How did the War of 1812 boost the spirit of the nation?

33 The War of 1812 ► Great Britain and the United States went to battle in the War 0f 1812.  American forces held their own against the British in the early battles of the war  U.S. forces stopped British offensives in the East and South.  The effects of the war included prosperity and national pride.

34 Student Activity ► Create a graphic organizer listed the sequence of events in the War of 1812, from beginning to the end. pp. 284-287. ► Complete the section 4 assessment on page 287.

35 Summary ► How did the War of 1812 boost the spirit of the nation?

36 Lewis and Clark See picture on page 260 ► Define pp. 275 and 276:  Meriwether Lewis  William Clark  Corps of Discovery  Sacagawea

37 Video ► Answer Questions

38 Summary ► What did you learn?


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