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Basic Agricultural Awareness. Agriculture defined  Activities concerned with the production of plants and animals, and related supplies, services, mechanics,

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Presentation on theme: "Basic Agricultural Awareness. Agriculture defined  Activities concerned with the production of plants and animals, and related supplies, services, mechanics,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Basic Agricultural Awareness

2 Agriculture defined  Activities concerned with the production of plants and animals, and related supplies, services, mechanics, products, processing, and marketing.

3 Agriculture defined  USDA refers to agriculture as “ agriculture/agribusiness and renewable natural resources. ”  Another definition is food, fiber, and environmental systems

4 Agriscience defined  Agriscience is the application of scientific principles and new technologies to agriculture.  Also called applied science because it uses principles learned in biology chemistry, and physics (the basic sciences) in a practical way.

5 Agriscience defined  Examples of Agriscience:  Agronomy uses biology and chemistry to discover new ways to control weeds in crops.  Entomology uses biology and chemistry to study insect life.  Agricultural engineering uses physics to develop new machinery.

6 SCIENTIFIC METHOD

7 Agriscience defined-scientific method  Identify the problem  Review the literature  Form a hypothesis  Prepare a project proposal  Design the experiment  Collect the data

8 Agriscience defined-scientific method  Draw conclusions  Prepare a written report

9 Agribusiness defined  Commercial firms (businesses) that stem from (or meet the needs of) agriculture

10 Agribusiness examples  Related to farming:  Chemical company, fertilizer dealer, seed store, tractor dealer, etc.  Related to horticulture:  Landscape nursery, Greenhouse dealer, Horticulture Supply Company, etc.

11 Renewable natural resources  Resources provided by nature that can replace or renew themselves  Important both economically and for posterity’s sake to maintain life  Examples: wildlife, trees, fish

12 World outlook  The world population will grow as more people beget more people  More children are surviving to adulthood  More adults are living longer

13 World outlook  Population growth will:  Add stress to environmental systems of air, water, soil, and natural resources  Create challenges to meet the demands for food and fiber (clothing and shelter)

14 TRENDS FOR AGRICULTURE IN THE FUTURE

15 Trends for agriculture/agriscience  Agriculture will always be an essential industry  Increased commercialization of agriculture will continue  New types of farming such as aquaculture (fish-farming and farming the sea) will be used as well as traditional farming methods

16 Trends for agriculture/agriscience  An expanded view of agriculture is necessary  Horticulture will continue to expand as the standard of living is raised  Horticulture involves producing, processing, marketing fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants

17 Trends- views  Agriculture includes renewable natural resources management to monitor fish, wildlife, water and land  Agriculture and resources management will include pollution control

18 Trends-views  Forestry- timber management for lumber, poles, post, plywood, etc. is another part

19 Trends- food production, processing, and distribution  College graduates are needed to fill roles as scientists, engineers, and other professionals  The USDA reported an increased demand for graduates from agricultural colleges in the 90s

20 Trends- food  Many careers in Agriscience products and distribution are needed to grade, transport, process, package, and market Agriculture commodities

21 Trends- food  Support for Agricultural supplies and services are also important

22 PROGRESS IN AGRICULTURE OBJ AG02.01

23 Progress Through Engineering  Little progress in agriculture is recorded before 1800 AD  The use of Iron revolutionized American and European agriculture  Most of the world did not catch on as fast

24 Progress Through Engineering  Mechanization helps 2% of America’s work force meet the food and fiber needs of our nation  There has been a reduction of 90% in production farming in the last 200 years

25 INVENTORS AND INVENTIONS

26 Eli Whitney  Invented the cotton gin  1793  Transformed cotton to a usable product  Removed cotton seed from cotton fiber

27 Eli Whitney’s Cotton Gin

28 Katherine Greene  Widow of Revolutionary general, Nathaniel Greene  Whitney worked on Ms. Greene’s farm  Some say Ms. Greene invented the cotton gin

29 Cyrus McCormick  Invented the grain reaper  1834  Cut grains  Cut wheat, oats, and other crops

30 Cutting Grain  With the sickle or reaping hook one man could cut from one- half to one acre in a hard day's work.  The cut grain was later bound by hand

31 The Reaper

32  While this first machine required only 2 people for operation (a person to ride the horse and a man to rake the cut grain from the platform), it cut as much grain in one day as men with reaping hooks.

33 Cast Iron Plow  Invented in the early 1800’s  Thomas Jefferson  Rough surface that dirt stuck to

34 Steel Moldboard Plow  Invented 1837  John Deere  Smoother surface  Rich clay soil did not stick to it  Made plowing easier and faster

35 Corn Picker  Invented in 1850  Edmund Quincy  Helped speed up the harvesting of corn

36 Milking Machine  Invented in 1878  Anna Baldwin  Used vacuum suction  Replaced hand milking

37 Tractor  Invented in 1904  Benjamin Holt  Replaced the mule as a source of power  Horse power

38 Opportunities in Agriculture  North Carolina Statistics:  index.htm index.htm

39 Opportunities in Agriculture  Twenty percent of all jobs in the US are agriscience related. Areas include:  Production  Processing, products and distribution  Supplies and services

40 Opportunities in Agriculture  Agricultural production is supported by many more careers than actually exist in production  The projection is for the average size of farms in the US to increase while the number of farms decrease

41 Opportunities in Agriculture  In the mid 1990s, the number one meat export as far as tonnage shipped from the US was poultry  NC is #2 in nation on broiler  Corn ranks in the top 5 US grain exports year after year

42 Broilers per county. Macon county shows no income from the sale of poultry.

43 North Carolina's agricultural industry, including food, fiber and forestry, contributes $59.1 billion annually to the State's economy, and accounts for 21.5 percent of the State's income, and employs over 18 percent of the work force.

44 Opportunities in Agriculture  In NC, the top three agricultural commodities in terms of cash receipts in the late 1990s were hogs, broilers, and tobacco

45 SOYBEANS?? WHAT IS THAT? I AIN’T EATIN NO TOFU

46

47  SOYBEANS ARE THE WORLD’S MOST IMPORTANT SOURCES OF VEGETABLE OIL AND PROVIDE BASIC MATERIALS FOR HUNDREDS OF PRODUCTS

48 THE GREEN REVOLUTION A REVOLT BY AN ARMY OF GREEN MEN?!??

49 NO, THE GREEN REVOLUTION  The Green Revolution was the process where many countries became self-sufficient in food production by using improved crop varieties and practices.

50 The Green Industry * We are in the money now!

51 GREEN INDUSTRY  HORTICULTURE INDUSTRY WITH EMPHASIS ON TURF GRASS AND ORNAMENTAL AND LANDSCAPE PLANTS.

52  THE END


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