2 Agriculture definedActivities concerned with the production of plants and animals, and related supplies, services, mechanics, products, processing, and marketing.
3 Agriculture definedUSDA refers to agriculture as “agriculture/agribusiness and renewable natural resources.”Another definition is food, fiber, and environmental systems
4 Agriscience definedAgriscience is the application of scientific principles and new technologies to agriculture.Also called applied science because it uses principles learned in biology chemistry, and physics (the basic sciences) in a practical way.
5 Agriscience defined Examples of Agriscience: Agronomy uses biology and chemistry to discover new ways to control weeds in crops.Entomology uses biology and chemistry to study insect life.Agricultural engineering uses physics to develop new machinery.
15 Trends for agriculture/agriscience Agriculture will always be an essential industryIncreased commercialization of agriculture will continueNew types of farming such as aquaculture (fish-farming and farming the sea) will be used as well as traditional farming methods
16 Trends for agriculture/agriscience An expanded view of agriculture is necessaryHorticulture will continue to expand as the standard of living is raisedHorticulture involves producing, processing, marketing fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants
17 Trends- viewsAgriculture includes renewable natural resources management to monitor fish, wildlife, water and landAgriculture and resources management will include pollution control
18 Trends-viewsForestry- timber management for lumber, poles, post, plywood, etc. is another part
19 Trends- food production, processing, and distribution College graduates are needed to fill roles as scientists, engineers, and other professionalsThe USDA reported an increased demand for graduates from agricultural colleges in the 90s
20 Trends- foodMany careers in Agriscience products and distribution are needed to grade, transport, process, package, and market Agriculture commodities
21 Trends- foodSupport for Agricultural supplies and services are also important
32 The ReaperWhile this first machine required only 2 people for operation (a person to ride the horse and a man to rake the cut grain from the platform), it cut as much grain in one day as men with reaping hooks.
33 Cast Iron Plow Invented in the early 1800’s Thomas Jefferson Rough surface that dirt stuck to
34 Steel Moldboard Plow Invented 1837 John Deere Smoother surface Rich clay soil did not stick to itMade plowing easier and faster
35 Corn Picker Invented in 1850 Edmund Quincy Helped speed up the harvesting of corn
36 Milking Machine Invented in 1878 Anna Baldwin Used vacuum suction Replaced hand milking
37 Tractor Invented in 1904 Benjamin Holt Replaced the mule as a source of powerHorse power
38 Opportunities in Agriculture North Carolina Statistics:
39 Opportunities in Agriculture Twenty percent of all jobs in the US are agriscience related. Areas include:ProductionProcessing, products and distributionSupplies and services
40 Opportunities in Agriculture Agricultural production is supported by many more careers than actually exist in productionThe projection is for the average size of farms in the US to increase while the number of farms decrease
41 Opportunities in Agriculture In the mid 1990s, the number one meat export as far as tonnage shipped from the US was poultryNC is #2 in nation on broilerCorn ranks in the top 5 US grain exports year after year
42 Broilers per county.Macon county shows no income from the sale of poultry.
43 North Carolina's agricultural industry, including food, fiber and forestry, contributes $59.1 billion annually to the State's economy, and accounts for 21.5 percent of the State's income, and employs over 18 percent of the work force.
44 Opportunities in Agriculture In NC, the top three agricultural commodities in terms of cash receipts in the late 1990s were hogs, broilers, and tobacco
45 WHAT IS THAT? I AIN’T EATIN NO TOFU SOYBEANS??WHAT IS THAT?I AIN’T EATIN NO TOFU