Presentation on theme: "AP Psychology 10/18/13. EQ from yesterday Which stages of life are most important to humans? Why? Develop an argument of 1-2 paragraphs. Reference all."— Presentation transcript:
AP Psychology 10/18/13
EQ from yesterday Which stages of life are most important to humans? Why? Develop an argument of 1-2 paragraphs. Reference all applicable theories (use at least two).
Pop Quiz Put everything under your desk EXCEPT your notes.
Pop Quiz, part 1 Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development: Label each stage, the years, and either write an explanation of what occurs during that stage or draw a picture with a caption. 10 minutes
Pop Quiz, part 2 1.Write what happens in the following stages: zygotes, embryos, & fetuses. 2.What is the rooting reflex? 3.What is the most important principle of maturation? 4.Give an example of assimilating and accommodating within the framework of schemas. 5.In which of Piaget’s stages do humans lack object permanence? 6.In which of Piaget’s stages do humans develop an understanding of conservation? 7.What is basic trust? 8.What do the three stages of Kohlberg’s theory suggest? 9.What is menopause? What is the male equivalent? 10.What is the relationship between exercise and aging? 11.What leads to Alzheimer’s disease? 12.What is crystallized intelligence? 13.What is fluid intelligence? 14.Give an example of a variance in the social clock. 15.Give two examples of when grief due to death is more extreme.
Fun stuff… Oreo/Cocaine study (get out of red folder and start reading) Critiques?
Continuity vs. Discontinuity Two concepts regarding human development: continuity view & discontinuity view Continuity: gradual developmental process, like learning to walk. Discontinuity: abrupt changes that produce different behaviors, like new readers suddenly discovering the connection between letters and sounds.
Social clock Give an example of the social clock.
Fluid & Crystallized Intelligence Design 2 problems: one that tests fluid intelligence and one that tests crystallized intelligence. Explain (in 1 sentence) why the problem fits the criteria.
FRQ 1 practice 25 minutes Mr. Collywobbles is trying to decide why the Phillis brothers are so different today. Use 5 of the 6 following concepts to offer possible explanations of why the Philli differ. Nature vs. Nurture Maturation Fluid intelligence Crystallized intelligence Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Social clock
FRQ 1 Rubric Nature vs. Nurture: Some argument explaining how the Phillis brothers may have similar genes, but their interactions with their environment caused those genes to develop differently. (1 point) Maturation: The Phillis brothers might have matured at different stages, which caused different social interactions & different interests. (1 point) Fluid intelligence: The younger and cooler Mr. Phillis should score higher on a test that measures fluid intelligence (novel thinking & logical problem-solving), as this type of intelligence typically diminishes with age. (1 point) Crystallized intelligence: The older and lamer Mr. Phillis should score higher on a test that measures crystallized intelligence (knowledge & language skills), as this type of intelligence typically increases with age. (1 point) Erikson: Some difference between the two occurred in a stage that caused differences (e.g. Intimacy vs. Isolation—the older Mr. Phillis has a wife, showing his ability to accept intimacy in this stage; Identity vs. Role confusion—the younger Mr. Phillis tried to forge an identity different from his brother in adolescense). (1 point) Social clock: The cultural expectations for Mr. Phillis & Mr. Phillis are in much different places, as the older Mr. Phillis is in a place where people are expected to be married and start a family. (1 point)
FRQ 2 practice 25 minutes Mr. Collywobbles has a child, Lafawnduh, who is 10 years old and in the 4 th grade. Describe what may be going on with her using: Piaget’s theory Kohlberg’s theory Erikson’s theory
FRQ 2 Rubric Piaget proposed cognitive stages. His stage of concrete operations takes place fro m ages seven to eleven. Children have developed the capacity to understand logic al principles that apply to concrete external objects. Lafawnduh may be able to ap preciate that some properties of an object remain the same, despite changes in ap pearance (conservation). She may be able to sort objects into categories and to ap preciate the perspective of another viewer. She may also be able to think about tw o concepts at the same time. According to Piaget's theory, Lafawnduh may not be able to think logically about abstractions. (1 point – stage; 1 point – one of these details) Erikson's theory proposes that psychosocial development occurs in eight stages, ea ch of which focuses on one issue or crisis that is especially important at that partic ular time of life. The industry vs. inferiority stage occurs from age six through pube rty. Children focus on acquiring basic social and intellectual skills during this period. Lafawnduh will either develop a sense of industry and curiosity and be eager to le arn, or she will feel inferior and lose interest in the tasks before her. (1 point – stage; 1 point – meaning) Kohlberg's theory is concerned with the development of moral reasoning. He prop osed that there are three stages of development in people's capacity to consider m orals and ethics. Lafawnduh is in the conventional level. Lafawnduh may base her moral judgments on caring for others and upholding laws and social rules simplify because they exist. (1 point – stage; 1 point – meaning)