#12 Identify the term/device: An author’s individual way of using language to reflect his or her own personality and attitudes. An author communicates this through tone, diction, and sentence structure.
#13 Identify the term/device: The works of Homer, Shakespeare, Tolstoy, Bronte and other great writers.
Answer #13 Canon An evolving group of literary works considered essential to a culture’s literary tradition.
#14 The following are examples: –Richard the Lionheart –Shoeless Joe Jackson –The Brooklyn Bomber
Answer #14 Epithet An adjective or phrase that describes a prominent or distinguishing feature of a person or thing
#15 Identify the device being used: In Wuthering Heights, by Emily Bronte, the nightmares Lockwood has the night he sleeps in Catherine’s bed prefigure later events in the novel.
Answer #15 Foreshadowing An author’s deliberate use of hints or suggestions to give a preview of events or themes that do not develop until later in the narrative.
#16 Identify the device being used: The ship was crewed by fifty hands.
Answer #16 Synecdoche A figure of speech in which a part of an entity is used to refer to the whole (In this case, “hands” alludes to the people—all of the people—manning the ship.)
#17 Identify the term/device: A technique of detachment that draws awareness to the discrepancy between words and their meanings, between expectation and fulfillment, or, most commonly, between what is and what seems to be.
#23 Identify the device being used: Asking the wealthy nations of the world to feed the impoverished nations is like asking people on a full lifeboat to take on more passengers.
Answer #23 Analogy A comparison based on a specific similarity between things that are otherwise unlike, or the inference that if two things are alike in some ways, they will be alike in others. Often analogies draw a comparison between something abstract and something more concrete or easier to visualize.
#24 Identify the device being used: “And all men kill the thing they love.” (Oscar Wilde, “The Ballad of Reading Gaol”)
Answer #24 Paradox A statement that seems absurd or even contradictory but that often expresses a deeper truth.
#25 Identify the device being used: My teacher is a total psychopath.
Answer #25 Hyperbole Excessive overstatement or conscious exaggeration of fact.